Cities Aren’t Adapting To Climate Change Fast Enough

from Fast Company

Just 25 of the world’s cities account for 52% of total urban greenhouse gas emissions. This means that focusing on these cities can make a huge difference to the arc of long-term warming.

More here.

Posted in Science, Sustainability and tagged , , , .

24 Comments

  1. Climate change is the most challenging issue humans have ever had to solve. This time we are facing a monster we created and a monster that can end with our existence. Astonishingly, only 25 cities produce 52% of the urban greenhouse emissions. After searching for those 25 cities, I found that 23 are in Chine; the other two cities are Moscow and Tokyo. Due to the rapid economic growth that China experienced after Mao’s death, they did not think about the problems that becoming the factory of the world would bring. Solving those problems is no easy task. It requires much money and resources, and it is much more difficult knowing that this is a race against time. One of the significant challenges of climate change is that we need air conditioning or heat when extreme temperatures hit, but the devices used for this are tremendous energy wasters. This problem already has a solution; in Germany, they are producing hot air from microalgae. Just like that one, there are more solutions for the multiple ways we pollute our world. Governments need to put climate change above all other issues. It is time to put egos apart and work for our home, earth.

  2. The article explains how climate change has not been addressed in the largest cities in the world. Climate change has been a serious issue for decades, but the vast majority of people have not adapted to the use of renewable resources instead of fossil fuels. According to the article, 56 percent of the world’s population lives in urban areas, and the number is predicted to rise to 68 percent by the year 2050. The article also states that the world’s largest cities produce over 70 percent of the greenhouse emissions mostly from colling and heating buildings, and from the use of gas-powered vehicles. Millions of people in the future will have to deal with the devastating effects of global warming if people choose not to change the way they use energy. Since there are many cities that are on the coastlines, they will have to experience the sea-level rise, which could possibly leave some of these cities underwater if action is not taken to stop the climate crisis. We will also have much hotter summers and colder winters in the future as the global temperature keeps rising. Many cities around the world may not be able to make the necessary changes needed to fight climate change since they do not have enough money or resources to have sustainable and clean energy. However, the richest cities in the world such as New York City, Tokyo, London, and Bejing should start to invest more in renewable resources such as solar panels, windmills, and geothermal energy to fight back against the catastrophic events that will take place if action is not taken.

  3. An example that climate change is a huge problem are the wildfires of California, these fires have been going rapid for years. We have almost been accustomed to hearing about these treacherous wildfires and the damage it has done across the state. Being a member of the east coast, I often hear people talk about this topic for a brief amount of time and then it is on to the next topic. The wildfires of California are a topic that needs to be talked about by everyone, we must work together collectively to see if we can find a solution to this problem. We literally have acres of land being burned across the country and the other half of the country could care less. In 2020 alone the damages were up to one billion dollars. Cities are increasingly becoming more and more vulnerable to natural disasters; in my opinion I had the preconceived notion that the cities would adapt rather quickly to these types of climate change and natural disasters. I had the fear that our urban areas would develop rather slowly due to the poverty that is inside of these urban areas. Due to the lack of income in those areas it would be difficult to ensure that things would be done in the preservation of that area. Urban areas have bigger problems that involve many members of the communities, so it is understandable that they are not preparing for the future of natural disasters and climate change. Cities and other areas are not being fully invested in dealing with this problem that can simply change the entire trajectory of our lives in a terrible way. Scientists claim that the entire state of Florida can be under water. The entire state can b underwater if we don’t act now and develop ways to stop this problem or just to merely adapt to the things that await us in the future. As this effects the entire world and the united states we need to make this a necessity. Thinking temporarily is very irresponsible and can you in the long run so we need to take this problem head on.

  4. Climate concerns will continue to become a significant issue as time passes. Unfortunately, not only do cities and inhabited areas seem to be behind on protecting themselves against these significant climate changes, but we as people, and as nations, are failing to curb our destruction of the world’s ecosystem. The thought of Seattle having the climate of San Francisco in 30 years is honestly baffling. While of course infrastructure is going to be VERY difficult to properly monitor and amend, local and federal governments need to be working more to at least updating what they can: energy, water, and food. While most buildings in major cities will likely have to be fixed by private contractors, or the real-estate owners, our energy grid, water treatment plants, irrigation plants, and agricultural centers will need significant attention. Recently there was another article detailing how these facilities are digitally/technologically behind the modern day, and to think that even the climate will become a threat to said systems is worrying. Right now, there is too much political talk involved in the whole climate situation. Too many greedy company owners and corporate lobbyists are arguing that climate change is not real, and that there is no real need to cut down on fossil fuel usage. This, of course, is a blatant lie entirely made to line their pockets with more profits. The vehicle industry will hopefully begin to transition to more electric based solutions. Companies like Jaguar, Volvo, Audi, Ford, and even Chevy are beginning to make entirely electric vehicles. The only issue is solving the Lithium ion battery problem, as extraction of the materials needed for these batteries tend to also have significant climate drawbacks. They are fortunately not nearly as problematic as fossil fuels, but the issue needs to be solved, or lithium ion batteries need to be replaced with a newer, safer technology if we hope to cut down on emissions. There is very little we can actually do as people to solve the issue, although building heating/cooling seems to also be another cause of pollution. We can only hope to elect officials that will actually have the drive to combat climate change, and as it stands, too much misinformation is standing between us and progress.

  5. As much as many people would like to deter/deny the contingent issue of climate change, the reality stands out very clearly. The advancements of society have been built on a system that is very difficult to change. And these methods may cost the lives of many if we don’t act quickly and efficiently. The fact that London’s weather is very likely to be that of Barcelona by 2050, indicates that we are leading ourselves to a very harsh reality. And this reality consists of severe shortages of many essential needs which we take for granted like food and water. And as we know we must use the history of human nature to see the future, if there are shortages in essential needs for humans then that can cause wars, crimes, theft, etc. And with the types of weapons and artillery we have today, that would not be a pretty sight. These are just some of the potential concerns that we could face.

    Now, understanding some of these alarming concerns should motivate us to plan efficiently and accordingly. Yet again, another reality is the constricted time we have before the effects start to hit us hard. But what’s important is that we act now. Since we live in a capitalist society, our society runs off of corporations. This means that if corporations act to switch their methods to a more environmentally friendly method, this can cause a chain reaction throughout the industries. We can see how this is working with companies like Tesla, they have manufactured a very compelling design and on top of that it is much less of a detriment to the environment. This has caused companies within the automobile industry to incorporate electric vehicles as major sellers. And as we see in Chicago they have decided to repave the roads with a certain form of pavement which allows the water to be absorbed into the soil. If companies continue to act in this manner this will continue to cause a chain reaction, but the issue of time still remains a concern. But the effort should always remain intact, so even if we can’t stop these issues we can slow the effects down to the best of our ability.

  6. The issue of climate change is probably the biggest existential problem the world has faced since the Cuban missile crisis, and just like it was in 1962, the right decisions have to be made by world leaders in order to quite literally save the world. The problem is that some states and countries are still not taking the act of limiting climate change seriously. There are states such as Washington, that have taken effective steps to limiting their carbon footprint and committing to 100% clean energy by 2045. Then there are the inland states such as Oklahoma who believe they will not feel any repercussions from climate change. There are also countries that stand in the way of sustaining a healthier planet, the main one being China, which is responsible for 27% of the world’s carbon emissions. Common sense would suggest that world leaders would take up the old saying that you would rather be overprepared than unprepared on the topic of climate change and the devastating effects it brings, but history has shown that sometimes, common sense is not a trait that world leaders have. With that being said, it truly is everyone’s job to do the little things that are necessary to sustain the planet.

  7. This article written by John Rennie Short, “Cities aren’t adapting to climate change fast enough,” covers a topic that will never stop being relevant. Unfortunately, we were born into a time where climate change will have the most substantial effect on the world and many things already done are irreversible. Luckily, we have also been born into a time with the most research and technological capability that we have the potential to slow this process of killing of our planet down just a little bit. If you are not already knowledgeable about the profound effects of greenhouse emissions, deforestation, and fossil fuels – to name a few – then start doing your homework because there are no excuses. Climate change is not a “political issue,” it’s a global issue – and there is absolutely no justification for thinking that it does not affect each and every living thing on this planet. This process will not slow down unless a larger percentage of people understand the truth and know how to help prevent further, unnecessary damage.
    Among a plethora of horrifying statistics that Short presented in this article, one that stuck out to me was, “In less than 30 years, three out of every four major cities in the world will have a completely different climate from the one for which its urban form and infrastructure were designed.” If that doesn’t make every person that reads this article want to become apart of the fight against climate change, then there is a serious problem. There is no benefit of ignoring this issue and pretending it doesn’t exist because climate change doesn’t pick and choose who it affects. One-hundred years ago, people never could have imagined the rapid expansion of industrialization and advancement of technology that we have today. Therefore, they also didn’t account for the major climate changes that would occur and could not build infrastructure accordingly. As that statistic states, major cities around the world will continue to be behind in adjusting for these rapid changes and it will be too late without immediate action. Adaptation has always been a necessary aspect of human evolution and now, more than ever, it’s crucial that everybody understands the implications of climate change and will help slow its process down.

  8. The article was very interesting but also unsurprising for me. The world must drastically reduce its CO2 emissions to avoid the worst consequences of climate change. Cities, in particular, can make a big difference with environmental initiatives. More and more cities are committing to planting trees, banning diesel vehicles (especially in Europe), and switching to renewable energy. Urban regions, already home to more than half of the world’s 7.5 billion people, play a central role in combating the climate crisis. The battle for our planet will be won or lost in cities. For economic and social development, climate-friendly plans can not only help reduce emissions but also increase economic welfare and make cities more livable places. The CO2 savings in cities would account for more than half of the CO2 reductions needed worldwide while creating places where people are healthier and more productive. There are some opportunities that cities could implement with the help of governments. For a start, funding sustainable urban initiatives and infrastructure could be a good approach. For example: eliminate fossil fuel subsidies and promote alternatives to driving, limit urban sprawl, develop a viable and effective carbon price with leadership from the private sector. Another idea could be to develop policies that promote low CO2, climate-resilient, economic and social growth for all citizens. For example: support low-carbon industries and develop transition plans and alternatives for oil sector workers and industries. Another possible solution could be to coordinate and support urban climate actions and strategies. For example: by enacting legislation that promotes urban densification and prevents sprawl, enables decarbonization of electricity supply, or promotes green alternatives in the construction sector.
    In conclusion, cities cannot afford to waste time, because urban development plans for transportation, infrastructure, energy supply, and building management that are addressed today are very likely to have an impact for decades to come.

  9. Climate change is a huge issue an needs to be addressed by many major cities around the world. We as a country have let the changes in the climate get to the point where their a huge changes happening to ecosystems around many of our major cities. The average temperature increase from 1.3F-1.9F since being recorded since being recorded in 1895. Most of the increase has come since 1970. Also heat waves have become more frequent with less frequent cold waves. these trends have cause more droughts which as affected ecosystems through the country. I think that many companies should try to lower their carbon emissions and citizens should buy cars that are either fully electric or hybrid. Having more urgency will help fix this major issue that affect everyone and could cause serious problems for everyone on this planet soon if things don’t change. Having a plan now is better than wishing we could go back in 20 years when there might not be time to fix it.

  10. This article explains how climate change is rapidly evolving and continuing to affect the globe. Unfortunately, major cities are not adapting to climate change fast enough; this can affect millions or even billions of people in the future. We need to adapt to this issue from Hurricane Katrina to Hurricane Sandy and the terrible snowstorms I have faced in my area. Personally, society is too deep for us to reverse the effects of climate change, so our best bet is to mitigate the issue. I remembered last year, the winter months were pretty warm, and we had the worst snowstorm around March or April. Additionally, Texas had a horrible blizzard this year in February, and many lost their lives. These were only some examples of the effects of climate change I have experienced so far, and I know it’s going to get worse. Global warming is a serious issue we have to consider because the Earth can eventually reach its breaking point, and catastrophe can happen.
    In order to solve this issue for cities to adapt to climate change, plans have to be enforced and implemented. Of course, renewable resources can also be a great help, like solar and wind power. We have to make renewable resources as efficient as fossil fuels, but I know we can. Not everyone believes in global warming, and they do not have anything to contribute to the issue, but for the people who do, they can solve or mitigate this issue. As said in the article, only 25 cities account for 52% of the total carbon emissions in the atmosphere. These major cities need to create a plan to reduce the use of carbon emissions. The article describes how cities are slowly implementing electric-use transportation, green buildings, low-carbon codes, etc. These plans, among many others, can help mitigate climate change and slow the effects down. For the future, we need to have a complete program to help combat the problem and adapt to climate change because this can save millions of peoples’ lives. In order to prevent catastrophic disasters, we need to implement a plan to change now for the sake of everyone’s lives.

  11. This article does a great job in explaining the ways climate change will affect different parts of the world and how cities are not taking the necessary steps to adapt to it. Climate change is a major issue that affects everyone around the globe. This issue will only become more significant as time passes. It is a scary thing to think about how the climates of some major cities can be so drastically changed in the near future. To think that a city such as London, known for being cold and rainy can soon resemble the climate of Barcelona, known for being very hot and dry raises many issues on the effects it will have on the cities. This will certainly bring more heat waves and droughts, which these cities such as London, are certainly not equipped for. The two ways that cities can combat climate change according to the article is to “[mitigate] ([reduce]) emissions that drive climate change, and [adapt] to effects that can’t be averted”(Short). Reducing the greenhouse gas emissions that drive climate change is much easier said than done. We have built a society that relies heavily on the burning of fossil fuels, which releases harmful greenhouse gas emissions. From heating and cooling buildings, to powering cars and trucks, we all release harmful greenhouse gases into the environment on a daily basis. It is very hard to change this as fossil fuels are still the main source of power and energy for many people. According to Statistica, gasoline powered cars accounted for nearly 90% of the light vehicle sales by fuel type in 2020(Statistica). We certainly have a long way to go in reducing our greenhouse gas emissions. Cities also aren’t adapting to the changes of climate change fast enough as the article discusses. As cities continue to expand, more vegetation is destroyed in favor of less absorbent material such as roads. This will certainly put many cities at risk for flooding. Climate change is a topic that has been in the news recently with the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference currently going on in Glasgow, Scotland. Many demonstrations and protests have already taken place during the Climate Change Conference showing that it is a topic that many people feel very strongly about.

    However, many people choose to deny the existence of climate change and some choose to ignore it, as they feel it’s an issue that’s overblown. People who choose to ignore it and feel as though it is not actually a problem are thinking in the short term. They do not currently feel the effects of it so it is not a problem to them. Climate change is very real and the longer we choose to ignore it the less time we have to make the necessary changes that will impact the future of the planet. Hopefully the Climate Change Conference can bring many plans and actions for change for the betterment of our planet.

  12. I found the fact that 25 cities account for 52% of pollution very fascinating. New cities need to be made that don’t emit so much gas emission. Also it states, “Cities produce more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions”. Many articles that have been posted to sw blog have been about climate change. One thing I have been consistently commenting about on these comments is how thankfully technology is advancing. Vehicles and buildings are being created that are not bad for the environment. Many companies that produce products good for the environment are also thriving. For example, Tesla is a car company that produces and sells electric cars. This company is considered good for the environment because they do not use gas or oil. https://www.tesla.com/ Also as we spoke about in the other sw blog comment, There are houses being made through three dimensional printers. https://blog.shannonweb.net/2021/10/06/how-an-11-foot-tall-3-d-printer-is-helping-to-create-a-community/ Even though the printer is nly building a small community, these are small steps that are necessary for our bigger cities to evolve. Climate change is a serious problem that should not be taken so lightly.

  13. I found the fact that 25 cities account for 52% of pollution very fascinating. New cities need to be made that don’t emit so much gas emission. Also it states, “Cities produce more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions”. Many articles that have been posted to sw blog have been about climate change. One thing I have been consistently commenting about on these comments is how thankfully technology is advancing. Vehicles and buildings are being created that are not bad for the environment. Many companies that produce products good for the environment are also thriving. For example, Tesla is a car company that produces and sells electric cars. This company is considered good for the environment because they do not use gas or oil. https://www.tesla.com/ Also as we spoke about in the other sw blog comment, There are houses being made through three dimensional printers. https://blog.shannonweb.net/2021/10/06/how-an-11-foot-tall-3-d-printer-is-helping-to-create-a-community/ Even though the printer is nly building a small community, these are small steps that are necessary for our bigger cities to evolve. There is one city I researched that emits zero carbon emission is Africa. It is called Akon city. The website https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2021/04/06/akon-city-uganda/ states, ” Akon City will be solar-powered and environmentally friendly.” This futuristic city will lea da good example of what a modern city could look like.

  14. As very few things in life these days, time is free, but at the same time its the most expensive thing that ever exists because once it runs out, there is no buying more of it. Pollution has been progressively been getting worse ever since we had the industrial revolution and had really started pumping out toxic gases into the air. After doing a fair amount of research I had found that a fair amount of the most polluting cities are located in India which is one of the most densely populated places in the world, making it only affordable for many people to ride motorcycles, and have many factories for the cheap labor and ample work force. The pollution in India is one of the worst in the world mainly from the distribution of factories and the harsh population conditions with so many users of motorcycles and many different vehicles. Although it sounds like India should be making all this money, in which it is, but the government does not receive a lot of it, most is moved around in the economy, which in essence makes it out of India’s budget to start making a change for the pollution it causes. No matter the country, wealth, or social stance, it costs a lot of money to start enacting things about pollution upon the citizens, which may not be able to afford it. The government also receives insanely large amounts of tax from large corporate companies that run factories such as the polluting ones, and they receive taxes when you buy gas, or when you decide to take the toll way to get home a little quicker. In a way the government wants to help the environment, but they also don’t want to take billion to trillion dollar tax cuts in the process of helping reduce the carbon foot print. The government does need to start doing something about reducing the carbon footprint, because time is running out with how much were melting the polar ice caps. Although it may not be the ideal financial situation, its the matter of the planet at stake here, and whether were able to continue living here or the planet takes back what was its to begin with. We have the time to create a plan now, but that window is slowly closing, so the time to create an idea is now, when time has not yet run out.

  15. Climate change, one of the many issues that mankind is faced with today. I associate climate change with our ever-evolving technology and desire for efficiency. The human race and our inventions are mostly to blame for the Earth’s changes over the years. After reading the article “Cities aren’t adapting to climate change fast enough” brought back flashbacks of the heat waves and uncanny weather I’ve lived throughout my life. One of the most harmful ways humans impact the climate is fossil fuels which are essential because they provide for 80% of the energy humans use. The cars we use every day release nitrogen oxide into the atmosphere and create an imbalance of nitrogen Companies like Tesla are already stepping up to the challenge and producing vehicles that emit 60% less carbon emission and smog towards the atmosphere. The only problem is that these cars are not affordable to all people. Hopefully, throughout the years, Tesla will continue to evolve and produce affordable vehicles that reduce air pollution and promote health to the ecosystem. Climate change not only poses a serious threat to our planet, but also the health of humans in the world. For example, take a look at India, a city filled with visible smog that its people have to breathe in every day. The living circumstances in India are so inadequate that an article by CNN states, “ the air pollution likely reduces the life expectancy of 40% of Indians — which is about 520 million people. India’s solution to this problem is to reduce the emissions it produces by 2030 to cut back its affect on the climate. Overall, humans are capable of slowing down climate change but at a very expensive cost. In the long run, it will be worth it if we prioritize both the health of our planet and our health.

  16. Look at New Jersey, our own state that’s very behind on its infrastructure and can’t withstand climate change, at least what’s coming if we don’t change. President Joe Biden recently visited Newark New Jersey to discuss the mew infrastructure bill, which New Jersey will get 12 billion dollars of to modernize its infrastructure and it’ll start in Jersey City. In 2020 alone climate change has caused 22 climate disasters in the U.S, floods, wildfires, and tropical storms totaling over a billion dollars in damage. With climate change changing rapidly than urban communities such as New Jersey, urban communities are at risk more than everything. Extreme weather will be a big problem for cities, as a state such as our that experiences all four seasons, there could be less colder seasons and more hotter seasons that can bother agriculture as well where its typically colder and hotter than other places. With urban areas being the catalyst of climate change urban cities need to make changes so that urban areas can withstand the potential damages on the rise.

  17. When reading the beginning of the article, it showcased how devastating the climate’s change looks to be. To start, it is concerning that there have been at least forty separate climate disasters in the past two years. The statistics about people living in urban areas is also concerning because as the article discusses, urban areas will be susceptible to damage from these various climate disasters. These points helped introduce the author’s argument well and helped me see the perspective the author was going to present throughout the rest of the article.
    Despite the great messaging of the article, I can not help but think most of these issues are hard to fix or are very hard to get people in power to agree upon an effective solution. For example, as far as the rise in sea level, one argument to solve this issue could be for the government of the United States to build more sea walls. However, seawalls are quite costly and if not constructed right, will cause more harm than good. Consequently, I can see why there are not as many built or being constructed in areas that could use an increase in them. In addition, the construction of seawalls makes water flow in other areas. This could lead water to flowing in areas where poor people live creating a bigger divide in the social classes in various cities of the United States. Therefore, I like how the author acknowledges this issue in the article as it is also a big reason why some of these issues do not get resolved in this country.
    In addition, when the article brings up how the temperature is set to rise two degrees Celsius within the next thirty years, it is probably more realistic for these cities to adapt to these irreversible effects than to limit them. This is because it will take lots of money, resources and education for cities to limit these issues which does not seem feasible in the next thirty years. Therefore, it is scary to think of how much the climate will change and what adjustments we will need to make globally to successfully adjust to this issue.

  18. What is the price of climate change? I believe this is the only question governments and the population could use to actually start caring about climate change. If people stop thinking about making their money for next month and start thinking about how much costs they will have to pay due to natural disasters, the investments would be different. The future of the planet depends strongly on its health and most of the ones who are in powerful positions seem to not care. This happens for one simple reason, which is money. The article mentions multiple times that developing countries have no resources to invest huge amounts in climate change. Although this is true, I am sure a lot of the currently spent resources are not as important as the impact of natural disasters. The problem is that corrupt governments will care about the short-term profits and spending money on things that will get them a positive reputation from the public.
    Spending money in education, health, public services, and other aspects that add to quality of life is worth doing but there are so many resources that are being invested badly and making it seem like the governments don’t have the budget to invest in climate change prevention, when the allocation of the money could be done differently. This is the case due to the human nature of thinking way more in the short-term than in the long term and the idea that seeing results is more acceptable than something that just avoids potential problems. For example, if a senator or president build a soccer stadium for entertainment in a big city, the population will be happy as in a couple of years there is this beautiful arena which will host games and concerts to bring happiness to the public. When these events are happening, no one thinks about climate change and the reaction will be positive to the one who built the stadium. Unfortunately, that happens a lot and one big example are World Cups and Olympic Games which demand a multibillionaire investment for infrastructure to receive the event and the organizing federations prefer to have unprepared host countries in order to make a higher revenue and make their money. A great example would be the FIFA World Cup in Qatar 2022. The country had to build at least 8 stadiums (they built 12) and will host the most popular sports event in the world. But after the World Cup, nobody knows the use of the stadiums as Qatar does not have a huge soccer league such as other countries in the world. Therefore, FIFA could have chosen a country which already has infrastructure to receive a world cup. Added to that, previous events have happened in Brazil and South Africa, which are extremely beautiful countries when it comes to nature but have a huge social inequality.
    Corruption also plays a big role here. In 2020, Brazil sent former president Lula to jail for a corruption scandal he led during his mandate. Although the amount of money stolen alters from each source, the money is way past one billion dollars. I strongly believe politicians all over the world do similar activities to steal money from the population for their own good and that causes an insane accumulation of wasted money, that could be in part going to climate change prevention. Therefore, I disagree with the article that countries, even developing ones, don’t have money to invest in prevention of natural disasters, I believe the money they have is going to the wrong places.
    Coming back to the initial opening question of how expensive climate change will be in the future. The article partially answers that when stating “In 2020 the U.S. experienced a record-breaking 22 weather and climate disasters that each caused at least $1 billion in damage”. This exposes the thesis of this comment. If a politician corruptly steals money from a country and brings to his own pockets, but in a year, he needs to spend more than 22 billion dollars because of weather and climate disasters, then who is actually losing money is the population. The politician will take money from taxes and the population to pay for them, keeping his stolen money. Therefore, people must wake up to the fact that the prevention of these issues is the key, not the payments to band-aid a hurricane or a volcano eruption. A great example is the city of New Orleans that the article states spent 14 billion dollars in infrastructure for flooding.
    Lastly, the idea of cities producing more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions through vehicles and cooling buildings doesn’t sound neither surprising nor worrying for me. The electric vehicle industry has never been as big as it is today and only tending to increase in the future. This would reduce the greenhouse emissions. Added to that, the use of renewable energy is also on the rise for the planet in general. Big countries like the U.S., Brazil, and China, where a large part of the world population resides, are already investing in powering houses through solar and wind energy, which are to date known as the healthiest renewable energy sources.
    One point that I strongly agree and is present in the article is the concept that most cities, were built based on the old world, meaning in the twentieth century, the climate change wasn’t something countries would think about when developing their cities. Nowadays, everything is moving and developing at an insane speed but adapting infrastructure to a new climate condition is not something that will be quick. In contrast, it shouldn’t be a reason for people to stop carrying and taking it as a problem with no solution. Instead, start working as soon as possible.
    In conclusion, the big problem of cities being the major source of climate change is not as worrying as stated in the article to me, but I do recognize that lack of budget is causing the issue to be worst that it should. On the other hand, this lack of budget is not literally because all countries don’t have money, but because the money, even if few, that they have is being practically wasted in short-term, profitable investments which will bring short-term revenue and happiness to population and politicians. The main problem is the consideration of what could be on the world in two decades.

  19. Climate change is a huge problem which we and our posterity are going to have to deal with. We need to find solutions to the problem which we have created, instead of just talking about our problems. People are quick to criticize the lack of development we have made with developing sustainable infrastructure, without providing their own solutions to our problems. I believe that if we reimagine how we develop our cities and society, we will be able to become more sustainable.
    First of all, it is crucial that we have parks and green spaces in cites. People need exposure to nature. Fresh air, trees, and plants all have a positive impact on someone’s life. Expose to nature can help people unwind and relax. Expose to nature helps improve both our mental and physical health. Having access to clean air and natural resources is crucial for our health. Eating fresh fruit and vegetables from local community gardens can help people receive all the vitamins and minerals they need to be healthy. Access to large parks and smaller pocket parks are crucial for the wellbeing of all city dwellers. Planting trees in the sidewalk area is also extremely helpful in bringing fresh oxygen to all city dwellers. Planting trees all around cities like this helps reduce the amount of carbon dioxide from cities, and it makes cities look more inviting. A city can look more like a neighborhood when its taken care off and designed to look aesthetically pleasing. When people clean up a dumpy area and try to make it good looking, people are more respectful and treat the place better. When a city is more rundown, the opposite happens. So, not only does planting tress help the environment, but it could have the possibility to reduce crime.
    The best way to save the environment, in my mind is to racially change how our society is constructed. If we stop expanding existing cities, and moved some of our world’s city dwelling population into rural environments, then we would avoid some of the consequences of city pollution. Advocating for change in where we live could lead to a more sustainable future. Returning to the countryside would minimize the effects of pollution from cities and large corporations as people could become self-sufficient and produce their own food. Returning to a quitter, and simpler lifestyle where people are constantly surrounded in nature would be best for people and the environment as we would avoid many of the stressors and anxieties present in the modern, consumerist, and non-ecofriendly world.

  20. Climate change is already a direct threat to humanity, according to the United Nations, yet no one seems to care about the issue. People can separate their garbage, choose not to use straws and even recycle certain products, however, the big change requires the will of the political actors responsible for decision making in this country, this has led to transfer the responsibility to the people with more power, as if the rest could not do anything to change it. Although climate change is a very sensitive issue at the moment, it seems that nobody gives it the importance it requires, because although we repeatedly see news alerting about the consequences it will have in 50 years, very few people have done anything to stop this change.
    I think this happens to all of us because we often do not understand what the numbers and percentages they show us mean, we need more human stories that represent the whole conflict, that are closer, from a child who was affected by a fire to the story of people who are fighting for this to change. These stories are necessary to then tell that, in reality, the problem is bigger and that the individual story is really the story of millions of people.
    However unseen, environmental problems are in what we breathe, in what we eat. And without going any further, we must be aware that we have been living for more than a year in a pandemic caused by a virus resulting from animal industrialization and the destruction of our ecosystems. Despite this, we find it difficult to worry about something we do not see, something abstract and not very tangible, this causes disconnection from these problems that do not seem to affect us directly.
    Accepting that it is a real problem implies having to do something, to change cultures and habits that are super normalized. It is also scary, there are already too many uncertainties to add a new reason to the list. Denial is the most powerful defense mechanism of the human mind and so the one who lives in ignorance lives better.
    To achieve the transformations we need, we need public policies that build a new paradigm, and these achievements are made as a collective, when there is a demand driven from the majority to the leadership. I also find it very interesting that the article presents climate change as an economic opportunity, perhaps if we saw it that way many more people would feel motivated to make a change.

  21. Climate change has become drastically detrimental in the past few decades. Climate change is the long-term shifts in temperature and typical weather patterns that occur over decades within a region. According to the latest reports from Nasa, the last 7 years on Earth have been the warmest on record. This is caused by the burning of fossil fuels that lead to heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere. These actions result in rising sea levels, altered ocean currents, melting glaciers, forest fires, and major droughts. These impacts are projected to escalate in the future and affect human health, food production, freshwater supplies, and the diversity of species.

    Human activities are the primary reason why the concentration of greenhouse gases has increased in Earth’s atmosphere and caused climate change. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of independent scientific experts concluded that there’s a more than 95 percent probability that human activities over the past 50 years have warmed our planet. Major cities are hugely responsible for permanent shifts in their climate zones. According to the article, 25 of the world’s cities account for 52% of total urban greenhouse gas emissions. The burning of fossil fuels and escalation in industrial activities has altered the natural greenhouse.

    The present issues and future effects of climate change are intimidating. In 2020 the U.S. experienced 22 weather and climate disasters that each caused at least $1 billion in damage. According to studies released by the NOAA, since the beginning of the Industrial Era in 1850 until today, human activities have raised atmospheric concentrations of CO2 by nearly 49%. Also, data from Nasa’s GRACE satellites show that since 2002 the land ice sheets have decreased by 152 billion metric tons per year in Antarctica and 276 billion metric tons per year in Greenland. These dreadful measurements are an immense indicator of the effects of climate change. Potential storm surges and high tides combined with the sea-level rise will raise the risk of flooding in many regions. In addition to ocean warming, natural disasters are forecasted to occur with more intensity and frequency. Droughts and heatwaves in the Southwest will last longer reducing soil moisture while hurricanes in the North will become stronger rising rainfall rates.

    All these factors have opened the eyes of many world organizations on the issue of climate change and convinced them to take initiative. There are many possible solutions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to safer levels, but implementing just a few can make a difference. The first challenge is to eliminate the burning of fossil fuels. This is perhaps the hardest challenge since many nations depend on them. Next, investing in energy-efficient buildings can also help cut greenhouse gases. And finally, we can also administer forest management to ensure that 20 percent of human-made greenhouse gas emissions are avoided. Climate change is a predominant issue and we must take initiative to save the planet.

  22. Each year, the issue of climate change is brought to a higher level urging government officials, business owners, and working-class people to approach the issue more deliberately and with higher attention to the problems. Even though I have only lived for 18 years, I personally have noticed how the rhetoric over climate change has been changing through the years. Just ten years ago, climate change, especially in less developed countries like Russia, the country where I was born and raised, was never a concern of huge importance. However, I believe that our world has been slowly moving towards gradually reducing carbon emissions and promoting a clean environment and clean energy.

    The United States, for example, has done a significant amount of progress toward reducing our carbon footprint. Electric vehicles, for example, in the span of the past five years, have completely integrated into our lives. It is not an unusual occurrence anymore to see an electric vehicle on the road. Every year, the amount of electric cars being sold in the US exceeds the previous year by more than 50%. In 2021, for example, over 600 thousand electric cars were sold in the US, an 83% increase from the sales of 2020. Similarly, the United States has been successfully implementing solar panels and other sources of clean energy in our daily lives. As of February 2022, renewable energy sources account for 20% of American energy consumption. Lastly, the awareness of climate change has significantly risen in the past years meaning that more people are eager to reduce their carbon footprints and push the government to implement further legislative acts to reduce the carbon emission.
    Even though it might seem that we are not doing enough to fight the climate change, it is not true. I believe that reduction of carbon emissions cannot be achieved instantly. It is a slow and gradual process that requires a lot of funding and use of administrative resources to implement such a change. It is not just building more solar panels and electric vehicles, we must also think about the people working in industries that produce high carbon emissions and are the first ones to be eliminated on the way of becoming energetically clean. These men and women will need to reqalify for new jobs and new professions. This is why it is important to implement changes gradually, so that the society could accommodate for the people who are losing jobs and whole industries that are being eliminated in the process. Climate change is a matter of universal importance that cannot be denied. At the same time, we cannot rush with implementing severe regulations on carbon emissions. Instead, it must be a careful and slow process of rebuilding the whole industrial infrastructure and paving the way for implementation of carbon free services and products into our lives.

  23. Over the last couple of decades, Climate change has been a growing issue all over the world. We the human race is a key contributors to why climate change is significantly bad, due to manufacturing goods, cutting down forests, generating power, use of transportation, consuming too much, and many more things. So yes, we the human race are a major reason why climate change has progressively gotten worse over time. Due to climate change increasingly becoming worse, around the world there has been a significant rise in the rate of heat waves, and far fewer cold waves; seem to occur as much as they did. For a change to occur, I believe that a lot of things we humans do daily would have to change. For instance, our form of transformation would have to change much like Tesla; in the form of fully electronic vehicles with no fossil fuels dumped into the air. Also, I believe we humans would have to stop cutting down forests and allow the habitat for thousands of animals, to remain a habitat. In my opinion, I believe humans are trying to change the ways we live to contain the problem of climate change, but it will take a significantly long time till we have full control over the problem at hand.

  24. I would like to start this comment by making two statements of fact. One, that climate change is real and happening everyday, and two that we only have one Earth. Because of this, we need to take care of it and try our hardest to reverse the damage that has already been done. Some areas of the world have realized this issue and done their part to change, while others have not. The issue here is that we all share the planet, so in order to truly save it, we all have to be on board. This article stated that “Just 25 of the world’s cities account for 52% of total urban greenhouse gas emissions. This means that focusing on these cities can make a huge difference to the arc of long-term warming.” While this is in no way a comforting fact, there can be some solace knowing that we don’t necessarily need to fix the whole world, just part of it. Many of the areas we need to focus on are urban areas. Coincidentally enough, as the amount of people living in cities has risen, climate change has only accelerated, which makes me feel safe to say that cities are no good for the environment. The author states that cities are more prone to experience extreme weather events, and in order to combat this there are two things they can do. First, they can reduce cardon emissions to slow the acceleration of climate change, and second, the can adapt to the change that has already occurred. Unfortunately, some of the damage done to the climate is irreversible which means the best option left is to adapt. Chicago is a good example of this. They anticipate a hotter wetter climate in the future, and as such are preparing their infrastructure with things like roads and pavement more designed for those conditions.

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