How an 11-Foot-Tall 3-D Printer Is Helping to Create a Community

from NYTs

Three-dimensional printing can create nearly any object. A partnership in Mexico is putting that theory to the test, building a village for residents living in poverty.

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30 Comments

  1. In summary, this article discusses the “3-D Construction Boom” that has taken place after the rise of the pandemic. How there is an increasing number of construction companies who are using this 3-D printing technology to build houses. Not only big houses, but smaller homes for people who are less fortunate. While this whole method of building homes is still brand new, it has already shown to be better than the conventional methods of construction. These 3-D building machines allow for these smaller homes to be built under 24 hours without compromising quality. While I think 3-D printing construction is a great method for low income, single level housing, I wouldn’t really trust it for building the bigger houses just quite yet. If I want a custom house to be built my way, I think it is worth it to wait the extra time in order to ensure that the attention to detail is being considered and there are no loose ends. Also, while this method of construction seems to be all good right now, no one can be completely sure of how these structures are going to hold up in the long run. Especially if the structure is two levels or higher, I don’t think people are willing to take the chance to see if something bad might happen as time goes on, such as the structure collapsing. But as far as building smaller houses for families to live in, I think it is a great idea. They only need three guys to operate the machine and it’s not even close to being as laborious as building these houses the normal way. You would need way more workers, who would be doing a lot of work, and it would take way longer than just one day to finish building. These construction companies also probably have to pay all these workers by the hour, so in the long run it would be less efficient and most likely not even worth it for these companies.

  2. This article discusses the rise in 3-D construction that has taken place since the pandemic. This technology is beginning to change the manufacturing industry. An increasing number of companies are implementing 3-D printing technology to build homes. I think that there are significant benefits to using this technology. First of all, 3-D printing is high-speed. Small houses can be made in just 24 hours. Even with the short building time, the companies still claim that they are just as high in quality as houses that were built traditionally. In addition, companies are using 3-D printing to build homes for the less fortunate. The intent to help others, paired with the speed of building houses, can quickly support many people who need shelter. While 3-D printing seems like a great technology, I still have some concerns. Firstly, I have trouble fully believing that 3-D printed houses are built with the same quality as typically built houses. Considering some 3-D printed homes can be made in just 24 hours, I have doubts that a quality house can be built in that short amount of time. Even though the companies claim that they are equal in quality to a traditionally built house, I think that this needs to be proven more before it can be viewed as entirely safe. I also heard that an increase in 3-D printing would lead to a reduction in manufacturing jobs as most of the work is automated. Another drawback is that 3-D printing is costly. The high-end machinery used creates a very expensive house, and I do not think that that is sustainable. Overall, the technology of 3-D printing has its benefits and drawbacks, just like anything. I believe that 3-D printed houses can be very valuable for the less fortunate, but I still do not think that these houses are proven to be safe enough for everyday people and families. The fact that 3-D printed homes are relatively new makes me want to see them be proven to be completely secure before being used commonly. I would not trust a house that has been 3-D printed, and at this time, I think many others would say the same.

  3. The article states that houses made in the 3-d printer can and pretty much will become a really serious option shortly. In the meantime, it is already possible to build smaller houses in this way. What was only a vision until a few years ago is now a livable reality. The technology could not only be an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional construction methods, but also an opportunity for social housing. Housing shortages are a global problem, prompting more and more companies, architects, and urban planners to rethink conventional approaches to building. To provide affordable housing for more people, 3D printed houses could be a sustainable solution. The technology has been making great progress in recent years and offers many advantages over classic methods – and not just in terms of construction time and cost. Curves, curved surfaces, and curved interior walls are easily possible with 3D printed architecture without making it more expensive. Houses could therefore be made even more individualized at the consumer’s own request. Components such as drainpipes, bathtubs, or sinks can also be printed. This would further reduce the cost of building a house – and make the dream of owning a home a reality for more people. The possible economic advantages of 3D printed houses could not only result from the short construction time and simple planning, but also from the more resource-efficient use of materials. 3D printed architecture is particularly sustainable and environmentally friendly when it replaces conventional building materials such as concrete, steel, and glass with more ecological materials. Despite the rapid advances, it will be several years before 3D printing technology can replace conventional methods in the construction industry. But I am sure that this new possibility will replace the old method. With the possibility of 3D printing, other industries will be revolutionized, not just the construction industry.

  4. After reading the article, “3-D Construction boom”, I have a lot to say about this new 3-D printing technology that has been used more often since the pandemic started. I’ve worked for four years in the construction industry. A lot of precise details go into building homes and I’ve experienced that from small jobs to developing custom-built homes from the bottom up for the client. After immersing myself in 3-D construction technology, I see various benefits and disadvantages regarding the construction of homes with this technology. For starters, building homes in 24 hours with 3-D printing is impressive and even better because it’s able to help the unfortunate residents who are looking for a roof over their head for a lower price than builders and contractors. The article also claims that the technology builds the homes with durable top-quality material used in traditional homes. Frankly, I wouldn’t necessarily trust these homes’ quality in the long run. A flaw I found was the material’s ability to withstand natural disasters and extreme weather in the long run. I have a feeling that a lot of tests need to be run on these homes to limit the fatality rate of people who reside in these homes permanently. I also want to touch upon the subject of labor which goes both ways. The less labor the reduced cost of the project for the client is, but on the other hand that could also lead to fewer construction jobs when this technology improves. Another flaw is the quality in which I don’t agree is all that. I’m sure a 3-D printer won’t be able to print with smooth quality and finish like a home builder who does it by hand. Overall the technology seems promising once it develops and has years of research done to ensure human safety.

  5. This article, “How an 11-Foot-Tall 3-D Printer Is Helping to Create a Community” by Debra Kamin, truly goes to show how rapidly our world evolves technologically. The COVID-19 pandemic has only accelerated the need for 3-D printers, and they are starting to be used for bigger projects more frequently, as the article explains. As with many technological advances, various European countries are ahead and have already started using 3-D printing for building homes, while the first United States home built this way was just constructed this year. Kamin mentioned in the article, “Nearly any object can be printed in 3-D; in construction, it uses concrete, foam and polymers to produce full-scale buildings.” To be honest, I was not even aware that 3-D printers had these capabilities yet, to be able to create with such a fusion of those different materials. Mr. Hernandez, the person whose house is being discussed in this article, is one of many around the world living in extreme poverty and in desperate need of shelter. It is clear that the “New Story” nonprofit organization that plans to build 500 more homes alike is doing a very good thing for people who often feel neglected.
    The article said that the printer would be controlled by a smart device and requires the labor of only three workers and less than 24 hours of construction. This clearly is a more efficient way to build homes than in the traditional sense and is more cost effective. The homes in Nacajuca, Mexico have proven sturdy, being able to withstand a magnitude 7.4 earthquake. This fact alone can help alleviate some of the thoughts that many people are bound to have about 3-D printed houses being hazardous. With that being said, I feel like it is a long time away that the majority of people in the United States will be on board with this idea of homes being constructed by machines. However, given that Smithers – a technology consulting firm – forecasts the 3-D printing market to be worth $55.8 billion by 2027, I think it’s safe to say that people will start to trust this construction type more and more as the houses built prove to be reliable. Overall, I feel like this is a step in the right direction and I hope to see continued success with 3-D prints in order to ensure more people’s trust.

  6. This article outlines the introduction of 3-D printing to the housing market. These new 11 foot tall 3-D printers can create homes for less fortunate people, who may not be able to afford a big home. This is really interesting because I would have never thought I would ever see a house being 3-D printed. During the Covid-19 pandemic, many companies began buying 3-D printers and now the 3-D printing market is up 21% from last year, and that’s set to double itself over the next 5 years. 3-D printed homes may revolutionize the way we create houses. The creation time is very short compared to how one would normally construct a home. But, the quality may not be at the same par as someone who plans the building out by hand and uses machinery to construct it himself. These smaller 3-D printed homes use repetitive designs to ensure a quality standard, but this standard falls below traditional methods of house building that may be more intricate and more complex to build. If enough research is done into 3-D printed homes, it just may take over the housing market with some upgrades.

  7. “How an 11 foot tall 3-D printer is helping to create a community” is an amazing article detailing how builders in a small community outside of Nacajuca, Mexico are creating houses out of 3-D printers. The article also give insight of a carpenter named Pedro Garcia Hernandez and how he only makes $125 dollars a month who’s living conditions will soon change, as him and his family will move out of their dirt floored house and into a 3-D printed house that features indoor plumbing, 2 bedrooms and a finished kitchen and bathroom. I am so fascinated in the idea of having a machine mass produce houses and I think that idea should be implemented in the United States. The United States, especially major cities, has a major homelessness problem and if there was a program that made the government subsidize these 3-D printed houses, I believe that a necessary dent could be made in the sad conditions people live in in this country

  8. Three dimensional printers is something that has become more useful now than ever before. The invention is fairly new however it continues to evolve at a fast pace and this 11 foot tall three dimensional printer is an example of the evolution that the invention is making. Printing houses from this three dimensional printer is something that can definitely benefit many underprivileged communities who are living in poverty. The reason for this innovative invention being so unique and purposeful is that it does the job of a bunch of men without the necessity of a bunch of workers. The quality definitely is nowhere near the same as if a home were to be manually built, however it does help for those who don’t have a home at all.
    The phenomenon is set not only to have benefits to the poor and underprivileged, but also to the companies that own these printers will also see an exponential boost in demand for them because they are becoming more and more useful for different tasks in peoples lives. The epitome of a win win situation.

  9. This introduction of the 3D-Printer was immense because of its ability to create homes for the less fortunate.

  10. I first heard about 3-D printing in my high school because the tech department got a hold of one. The teachers never allowed anyone to touch it but I saw it was used to create small figurines. I never really thought about the societal implications 3-D printers could have like printing houses for the poor. This article talks about a 3-D printer that printed houses for the poor in Mexico. These printers are constructing 500-square-foot homes by layering a concrete mix several times over, in just under 24 hours. This way of constructing houses is the way of the future because it takes less time and money to build houses. There is way less manpower needed for construction and less time to way for materials and actually constructing the building. The finished products were said to be able to withstand 7.4 magnitude earthquakes and other extreme weather too. When a machine is doing the work, it is less prone to mistakes that a regular human will always have. There are plans in the works to build a library, school, a market, and a soccer field.

    This advance in technology will also have a great impact on several other industries. Research and development will be able to create prototypes for new ideas in a few hours, rather than a few months. The healthcare department will greatly benefit from 3-D printers because of the many useful things it can create. These printers would allow hospitals to create patient-specific implants for people with a certain case. They would be able to create it on the spot without having to contact a supplier. The construction industry would benefit from 3-D printers because it takes less time and effort, but it will also cause unemployment to increase. It only takes a few people to man 3-D printers, therefore most of the construction industry will probably lay off employees. We are nearing a future where robots take over human jobs.

    There are also major concerns 3-D printers bring up that need to be addressed. Since there are no current laws in place regarding 3-D printing, what stops me from just printing an iPhone instead of purchasing one at a mall. Take it a step further and I can print myself a laptop, a car, or even a gun. People could simply print untraceable guns without a serial number or a background check. Take it another step further, people could print missiles or other forms of heavy artillery. Regulation of 3-D printers needs to come quickly because this could get out of hand soon. There are tons of great implications that these printers could have on the world, but anyone with ill intent could do serious damage.

  11. These three dimensional printers will no doubt change how we create things forever. The article shows how the 11 foot 3D printer will revolutionize construction. It will make houses for people in poverty, struggling from natural disasters, and even people in space. Pedro García Hernández is one of the people who will have their new home made by one of these printers.

    As technology advances, robots, machines, and computers will take over all of the jobs that involve labor, including this printer! This printer will eliminate all of the jobs when it comes to building and hard labor in construction. How ironic for Pedro García Hernández to be a carpenter! Printers can make houses with less workers. The article states, “The printer is controlled by a tablet or smartphone, requires as few as three workers and can complete a home in less than 24 hours.”
    It’s not only with this printer that will take a lot of jobs. Many other companies are switching to machines for a number of different reasons. Tesla gigafactories are made of hundreds of different robots and machines that create their Tesla vehicles. This is stated in https://streetfins.com/inside-teslas-crazy-ai-manufacturing-revolution/ . If you think about it, making machines do the work of people has many benefactors that go into it. It has shown to be more productive. Machines are not limited to a 9-5 work schedule. It is also shown to be cheaper. You don’t have to give a machine a pension or health insurance. Maybe health insurance is not the greatest example, but the point is made. A machine can’t sue you and throw a strike for unfair working conditions. Accelerating technology makes the option of relying on machines more and more viable.
    Let’s look at history when it comes to agriculture. Farmers used to have to pick crops by hand. They would use animals to help with the heavy lifting. It was a very exhausting field of work. Now farmers have tractors, ploughs, and many other tools that facilitate the whole process. The article https://nifa.usda.gov/topic/agriculture-technology states, “Today’s agriculture routinely uses sophisticated technologies such as robots, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial images, and GPS technology.”

    In conclusion, we can see how these new 3 dimensional printers aren’t the only form of technology that will change the way labor is executed. It is shown to be more productive and cheaper to truly utilize these tools. The article shows us how construction and creation in general will be facilitated in ways we didn’t think possible. I’m the future. I believe my kids will buy their first home online, and print for them within a day.

  12. 3D printers are becoming more and more advanced and it is interesting to me to see that in this case they are being used for the benefit of the community. I did not realize the potential that a huge 3D printer can have for people. This is definitely proving to the world the next step in change and innovation that is being made. Additionally, 3D printing is affecting society as a whole as well, because it allows industries to not waste their products and also cut down the use of labor. Now, this helps society since it allows for taking more and more families out of poverty in a short amount of time. Since as stated in the article it really only takes around a day to create a home for a family which is way more impressive than having to wait weeks or even months for construction people to do it. Not only that 3D printers usually produce good outcomes that don’t require extra work from people to check over and etc. Although this is definitely a huge step forward to getting closer to ending quite a lot of poverty around the world, there is an important point that needs to be brought up with the use of this technology. And it is the repercussions that can come from the use of 3D printing. As of now, there are really no laws that have been put in place to restrain and monitor what can and cannot be printed. Plus, if another country were to hack into the system of a 3D printer and were to copy the model exactly and sell it that can be considered corporate theft. Also, this then raises the question, whether these technologies should be used to enhance the capabilities of a person beyond what a normal human can do. For example, a major ethical issue that can arise with 3D printing or bioprinting would be the development of replacement organs. Because if this is accomplished then this sort of enhancement will most probably be used for military use to make soldiers stronger and more efficient, but since this type of technology won’t be accessible to everyday civilians the harm to which civilians are exposed increases. However, this is a bit different from what was stated in the article but it is something that should not be neglected since this type of technology will most probably become a necessity to architecture, engineering, healthcare, and more. So it is possible that further down the line there might be more restrictions that are put in place when it comes to 3D printing especially at a huge scale like the one that was used here to make homes for the people in Mexico. Though, I do hope that it does end up benefiting the people more than hurting them.

  13. This New York Times article shows how technological advancements in computers and 3D printing are being used to develop new things. In this story specifically, it shows that it is possible to develop a very basic single-family home with a specialized industrial 3D printer. These homes are pretty small compared to the sizes of the typical wood or stone home, but the fact that they can be 3D printed changes a lot of things and opens up a lot of possibilities. 3D printing technology is very advanced, and it has come a long way, but it can only print the basic parts of the home. Anything besides the concrete walls will have to be manually installed. Despite the limits of the 3D printer, it still allows homes to be mass-produced at a relatively quick and cheap level. This is why it has the potential to help with problems such as homes for those living in poverty.
    The article stated that the 3D-printed homes that already exist are sturdy and that they have withstood a magnitude 7.4 earthquake. This is a good indication that these homes will be safe, and the low height and small size of the homes mean that there is less that could go wrong, but safety measures and new regulations will need to be updated if 3D-printed homes become more common. Most building codes do not have any guidelines that cover 3D-printed homes or buildings. These building codes would be necessary so there can be a benchmark for the design, construction, and inspection of these buildings. Despite these problems and the uncertainty, investors are throwing a lot of money behind the 3D-printed housing industry. The current results show that it is possible to 3D print houses and buildings of different sizes, so businesses are going all-in on the new technology. I think that there will be obstacles to the widespread advancement of this, but it has the possibility to catch on in the future. It will most likely be used for building houses for the poor, mainly because these 3D printers will be able to mass-produce the homes cheap and quick. I don’t think that 3D printers will be used for the construction of large and extravagant homes, at least not until some time in the future when technology has greatly advanced. The method of construction that they are currently using does not allow them to give the homes a lot of detail, and I don’t think that would be something a lot of people would like.
    I think that there is a lot of potential in these 3D-printed homes, especially for communities that are suffering from poverty, but some things have to happen before they can become mainstream. This includes updated building codes and increased trust in the technology.

  14. A new type of housing plan is currently being developed in Mexico. One of the biggest worldwide problems has always been homelessness. For people struggling financially, a steady home can be almost impossible to find. The article “How an Eleven-Foot-Tall 3D Printer Is Helping to Create a Community” is shedding light on the next big thing that can create affordable homes. Communities of 3-D printed homes can become a normal thing. In Mexico, one of the first 3-D printed housing complexes has popped up. Contrary to first thought, the houses are more developed than you would think. The houses located in the Nacajuca, Mexica area are five-hundred square feet, have two bedrooms, a finished kitchen, a finished bathroom, and fully functional indoor plumbing. Up until the reading of this article, I never thought about using a 3-D printer to do anything like this. The development of 3-D printers seems to be a process that is moving very quickly. An eleven foot 3-D printer with the function ability to create something sturdy and trustable enough to work as parts of house along with the ability to mass produce these houses is incredible. 3-D printed homes are undoubtedly the way of the future when it comes to producing houses in low finance areas. They are cheap to rent and easy to make, a perfect combination. On top of that, they it the timeline of development in the 3-D printing market. The 3-D printing market is on the climb worldwide. According to Smithers, it is forecasted that by 2027 the 3-D printer market should be worth somewhere around 55.7 billion dollars. The idea of 3-D printed complexes will definitely catch on and be implemented in other countries besides Mexico. Companies who develop the oversized printers and who are responsible for the housing plans will blow up once the idea takes. In my opinion, this is huge step forward in the bettering of conditions for people. Having a home is something that many take for granted. If it is possible to make it easier for someone to better their living conditions without breaking the bank, I say we should do whatever we need to do to make sure that it goes through.

  15. Before reading the Article “How an 11-Foot0Tall 3-D Printer Is Helping to Create a Community”, I was never aware about the true impact that 3-D printing can have upon a society. Along with that, I never knew that 3-D printers could be upscaled to such a large extent. In the article it mentioned the fact that the 11-foot-tall 3-D printer was being utilized in the effort of rebuilding society by providing a “village for residents living in poverty”. This is great because not only will these efforts provide shelter for the less fortunate, but it may also provide an incentive to turn their life around. The article uses Mr. Hernandez as an example of this scenario. In the article it discusses how him and his family are living off of “2,500 pesos a month from utilizing a small workspace inside his home which often floods and how in a matter of months, him and his family are moving to a new 500 sq. Ft home with two bedrooms, a finished kitchen and bath, and indoor plumbing”. As a result of him and his family’s new home, it may inspire Mr. Hernandez to try and discover new alternative ways to make more money than he already was.
    As a result of the pandemic, the market for 3-D printed items has skyrocketed and is estimated to be worth a whopping “$55.8 billion by 2027, according to Smithers, a technology consulting firm” The demand for 3-D printers and printed items has increased during the pandemic due to the shortage in supply chains. What I mean by this is that during the pandemic; especially during the peak, it was very difficult for businesses to get their products from their distributers on time, or even at all. As a result, many people had resulted to utilizing 3-D printers when applicable such as “printing objects like test swabs, protective gear and respirator parts” in order to help combat Covid-19.
    3-D printing has many uses thanks to the versatility of the technology. For example, “in construction, it uses concrete, foam and polymers to produce full-scale buildings.” This discovery is what leads to the topic of the article. The San Francisco based nonprofit organization called “New Story” has taken this knowledge in order to help communities that are experiencing extreme poverty such as the people of Mexico. According to the article, these 3-D printed homes are very durable, due to the fact that the “homes in Nacajuca have already withstood a magnitude 7.4 earthquake”
    Aside from the communities that are being constructed in Mexico, these 3-D printed houses are going to be built within the US in Rancho Mirage, California. Along with California, homes will be built in Austin, Texas and will be priced at around “$450,000 to $795,000”. I find this to be very interesting because these 3-D printed buildings may take the housing development market by storm. What I mean by this is that, in the foreseeable future, society as a whole may experience a lack of raw materials such as wood and iron; which are materials commonly used in home construction. With that being said, it will be interesting to see how these 3-D printed homes or parts can be utilized interchangeably with the raw materials that are being used today. With all that being said I also wonder how this will affect the housing market. Just as the article stated, these 3-D printed houses that are being built in Austin, Texas will cost around 500k to a near 800k, which is right around the “median home price of 575k in Austin” as of today. Due to the similarity of pricing, I wonder if people will be open to purchasing a 3-D printed house, instead of a traditionally built home.
    I found the topic of this article is somewhat relatable to what I am currently learning in my law class. We recently just covered the topics of international law and global commerce. With that being said, I wonder if the companies in this article are experiencing any run ins with the law, as a result of their global involvement.

    Works Cited:

    Kamin, Debra. “How an 11-foot-tall 3-D Printer Is Helping to Create a Community.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 28 Sept. 2021. Web. 11 Oct. 2021.
    Staff, Author: KVUE. “Study: Here’s How Much House $350K Buys You in Austin.” Kvue.com. 24 Aug. 2021. Web. 11 Oct. 2021.

  16. This article is essentially explaining how technology is evolving, specifically for the betterment of people’s lives. 3-D printing has been around for years and continues to progress with creating new objects and needs for people. Today, guns, furniture, musicals instruments, and now houses are being created from the printer. When I was younger, I remember watching my older sister print little toys using her 3-D printer, and now houses can be made. In my opinion, I am very impressed, and we can go a long way using this technology. Today, we are creating technology for helping people in need, which should be the main objective towards the use of technology. Right now, houses are being built from 3-D printers in Nacajuca, Mexico, where many citizens do not have adequate housing. From this, we can provide millions of people with housing, needs, and essentials due to the evolving technology.

    In the United States, half a million people are homeless, and the numbers are increasing, especially due to the pandemic. Personally, housing departments and politicians are not doing enough to help homeless people. Now, with this new age of 3-D printing technology, we have a chance to decrease the number of people who do not have adequate housing. Additionally, housing essentials like furniture, appliances, sinks can also be printed, which would be beneficial for the person. I understand that this project will be expensive, but this will all be worth the price when people can have housing and shelter. The creation of the house will not be too expensive, yet other factors can add to the cost.

    To conclude, using the 3-D printer to build houses for the unfortunate can help millions or even billions of people around the globe and provide them with adequate housing. Too many people are sleeping outside and becoming extremely sick because of the lack of shelter they have. We have to be open-minded and help the unfortunate. The government needs to implement a plan to allow for 3-D printing to be established because they are not doing enough to help homeless people around the country. This technology can be a breakthrough for a large number of people.

  17. When it comes to the article, there are many situations where a product such as 3D printing can really help make the world a better place at a cheaper cost. Furthermore, the idea of making a home complete with a printer sounds both intriguing but also fascinating. The cost to simply build a house can be very expensive, therefore, having this cheaper option that works allows families to not struggle as much or even at all. Many people seem to struggle in life mainly due to big expenses such as a home and a car, which can now possibly both be solved by using this technology. Although cars are not fully being made from these printers yet, it is very reasonable to assume that it might be a possibility sooner rather than later due to what is already being done with these printers.
    Moreover, something like this can really help the economy by allowing people to spend larger sums of money on other things that can stimulate the economy. For example, families can now take more local trips to places like museums and zoos which allows for the money multiplier to grow and spread the money out. If a person was paying for a house the money is just going to the bank, but by now saving money from technology like this allows people to support more actual businesses which then put the money back into the economy again. Also, legally this allows for fewer building coding issues since the trouble aspects of typical houses are taken out in comparison to the process of making these printed houses. By having them made of this new material there are no issues of rotting wood or a bad ceiling, this material is much better and does not have as many issues over time. This material only allows for positives and fewer costs, meaning less money and time constantly invested into a home. Therefore, the issue that many in poverty face is now diminished and allows for them to live better and support themselves. Furthermore, when it comes to the technological advances of something like this, it will for sure change the way we not only look at building houses but also the abilities of what a 3D printer can do, especially on a large scale. Furthermore, as the article even states, the market for 3D printers is growing by the day, including a forecasted growth to 55.8 billion by 2027 which proves the fact that the future is 3D printing. The world will adjust to this change but it is also highly likely that as mentioned earlier, everything will soon have some relation to 3d printing including components and how businesses operate.

  18. 3-D printing is taking over the world in a positive way. They are making manufacturing easy in many ways. I believe it is a good idea when building homes, but it has to be more developed. Nevertheless, this technology is a great alternative way for Latino countries. Most Latino countries are developing countries, and they have many poor people. Most of these people live in what in Latin America is called VIS Vivienda de Interes Social or social interest living place in English. These homes are designed to have everything that a family needs but are affordable. The governments set a maximum price for these types of homes that is more affordable for low-income families. 3-D printing will make these homes faster and cheaper, which will help people invest more money in other things. Not only this, but when there is high demand for houses, 3-D printing will be the solution to lower prices. By basic economics, when the demand is high, and the supply is low, the price rises; “printing houses” match the demand, lowering the prices again in the whole industry. Not only this, but it will also help the tourism industry. Printing tiny houses and making a tourist condominium is already a reality; this technology will make it cheaper. Although it can make all of these fantastic things, I still have some questions about the product. Is it sustainable? How does this type of construction react to earthquakes and fires? How long does it last? How does it react to extreme weather? I firmly believe that this technology will be better developed in 5 or 10 years and all of these questions will have a positive answer.

  19. The article about the large 3-D printer constructing homes is very interesting to me because I never thought of the possible implications that could come along with the 3-D printers. From my prior knowledge, my understanding of a 3-D printer was it is used to print cool little objects that are three dimensional. I would have never of thought that the three-dimensional technology would go on to construct little homes for poor people. The article explains how the 11 foot 3-D printer is able to build smaller homes out of normal materials like concrete in 24 hours or less. The huge 3-D printer is very efficient at building homes because it does most of the hard labor on its own and it builds the small homes quickly. In fact, the 3-D printer does not sacrifice much quality and is fairly easy to maintain. The printer is completely controlled by a tablet, smartphone, or computer and it only needs the help from a few workers to build the small homes in less than 24 hours. Overall, this kind of technology is a huge revolutionary advancement for the construction industry. These types of 3-D printers are great for building homes for poor people in a small amount of time. In addition, these printers could be great for natural disasters or accidents because they could help construct destroyed homes in a small time period. Therefore, the people who suffer from accidents and natural disasters will not be displaced from their homes and will not be forced to move to new locations. From the article, it is very clear that 3-D printing technology has the potential to change the world for the better, but there is always a bad side to complement the good.

    Yes, 3-D printing is a great concept of technology that has that the power to do a lot of good in this world. Not only is 3-D printing be used for construction, it is also being used in the other industries such as the healthcare and food industry. In the healthcare industry, 3-D printing is being used to create body parts, skin grafts, and produce more medicine. The food industry is also trying to figure out how it can use oils, powders, and both micro and macro nutrients to print food. If the ability to print food is discovered then the problem of world hunger may finally have a definitive solution. On the other hand, 3-D printing is also being used to print guns and other weapons. Depending on your views, this can be seen as a positive or negative but either way it disturbs the whole process of how people obtain and register their guns. Respectively, 3-D printing can be used for many positive applications but 3-D printing is currently unregulated. This comes along with problems because unregulated industries or technologies open the door for people to abuse them in negative ways. Therefore, unregulated 3-D printing comes along with a lot of potential problems and issues that will need be addressed at some point as this technology grows in popularity. Overall, the major takeaway from the article is 3-D printing is a cool piece of technology that has a serious amount of potential to change the world in positive and negative ways.

  20. Before today, I never even thought 3-D printing a house was possible. To be completely honest, I am so out of touch with 3-D printing that I still thought it was a very futuristic thing that had years to become a item that can be used to build complex things like homes. But I was most certainly wrong. I think 3-D printing homes can really change the future of housing for low-income families that live in tents or on the streets. Its crazy that these 3-D printers can build a structure that can withstand a 7.4 magnitude earthquake. I also have a lot of respect for the company New Story. They are building 500 homes by 3-D printing them and taking no money while doing so because they are a non-profit. This is awesome and still has a lot of progression to do but in the future this can really make a difference.

  21. This article talks about how a village outside of Nacajuca, Mexico is getting homes built by 3-D printers. The printer is an 11-foot-tall three-dimensional printer that pours layers of lavacrete until the home takes shape. These home are being built with a partnership between New Story, a non profit based in San Francisco and Echale, a social housing production company based in Mexico. This article falls into international law and global commerce, which is what we discussed this week. Since New Story is a nonprofit organization, no money is being exchanged between the two entities, there is still a need to follow laws and regulations.
    The 3-D printer has come a long way and can be considered intellectual property and would have had to go through it own process in the U.S before makings it way to Mexico.
    The intellectual property rights abroad look different in the U.S, one major way is that it is voluntary but highly enforced because it can impact the cost-benefit analysis. Another agreement that is had is the General Agreement on tariffs and Trade, known as GATT, where it is a set of standard of minimum requirements for all areas of intellectual property protection. These are important to follow if international intellectual property rights were not followed with the case of Nacajuca, Mexico and the 200 plus homes that are being built may have to be taken down due to the infraction. Overall the 3-D printer was first an idea, then had be prototyped, to gain intellectual property to be able to do astonishing things like building homes.

  22. The New York Times article explains how 3-D printers are now able to build housing in such short periods of time and how this new technology is changing the lives of those who are in need. For those who are impoverished and are struggling financially, finding a place to call home is next to impossible. However, with new cutting-edge technology, this issue may eventually be something from the past. 3-D printers are now able to make homes in less than a day. The homes that were created from these machines can also withstand severe weather conditions and have been able to hold out against a magnitude 7.4 earthquake. According to the article, the 3-D printing market is set to be worth over 55$ billion dollars by the year 2027. 3-D printers are also capable of making any kind of objects such as furniture, tools, and parts for cars. The very first house built from 3-D printing has been made in Riverhead N.Y., listed by consturction firm SQ4D. While this technology is seeminlgy becoming the way of the future, investors are still uncertain about the outcomes of housing being made from 3-D printers. Some say that since this new way of building homes is so new, they do not know what the value or porfamance of these homes will be in the longterm.

    Before reading this article, I never knew that 3-D printers were able to create buildings and structures in such short periods of time. I was only aware about 3-D printing being capable of making small objects. Eventhough investors are worried about the outcome of 3-D printed housing, I personally think that these new technological advancements will have great longterm beenfits to those who are unable to afford housing for themselves and families. I believe that this new technology will eventually become the way of the future.

  23. The article briefly touches on what I think is the most interesting and potential impactful use of this technology: its use in poor and low-income housing construction. I don’t extend this idea only to the poor in the US, no. In fact, this technology could have much wider application in crisis and natural disaster areas of the world, for instance Haiti. The only main concern would be the price. Right now, the house prices seem to be on the higher end. The article mentions a $15 million effort in California to sell to private buyers. This price is, of course, inflated significantly by the fact that it is located in California. Property prices there have always been on the steeper end. As this is isn’t entirely indicative of how the pricing may look when applied to other places, it would be safe to assume that the cost is currently at least somewhat manageable. The homes in Mexico demonstrate this, I feel, as the location that they are built in, and seemingly the people moving there, aren’t ones that have a whole lot of money. Given this, this technology clearly has a very marketable use to provide homes for the disadvantaged. In my eyes, this use can be split into two categories: for the poor and homeless, and for the ‘affected.’ While the former use is quite self-explanatory in its application (homes in sub-Saharan Africa, low-income areas in the US, developing nations, etc.), it is the latter that I think is generally more valuable in the long run. The article mentions that the homes were able to survive a 7.4 magnitude earthquake with little to no issue. With this information in mind, I would like to see how this technology could be used in the rebuilding and rejuvenation of areas struck by severe events, be they weather or conflict-related events. Places like Haiti or Japan could see a massive benefit in being able to, effectively, ‘mass-produce’ houses and shelter for those who lost their homes or livelihoods due to natural disasters. As for the second, I imagine that these houses would fit perfectly in line with certain humanitarian efforts, like building shelter and homes for refugees. Rebuilding former war zones and re-establishing areas with fresh real-estate and shelter could not only assist individuals who have assumedly lost everything, but also bolster smaller communities who have gone through the same.

  24. This was a very well written article about how a 3-D construction boom has taken place during a pandemic.Because of this boom there is an exponential increase in the amount of companies that are using this 3-D construction companies who are using the 3-D printing technology. One of the most uses of this technology is building houses with it. This type of technology is beginning to change the construction industry for the better. The amount of time it takes to print out a small house is under 24 hours. While this seems amazing, there are some downsides. First off anyone who is going to purchase one of these houses is going to be skeptical of the integrity. There are reasons why you have construction companies and why a house takes so long to build. Construction workers are very good at their jobs and they make sure the house is well supported by wood and all of the materials. But because of this printing technology it is very skeptical whether it will be as sturdy as a normal house. Another drawback is that this is a very costly process. You can weigh both sides of this there are benefits and weaknesses. The target of this machinery was small houses to make them affordable. Building multiple houses at once with this machine will be a lot of money and time printing out all the necessary materials.This is all becoming more popular since the pandemic has started. This is all necessary because it has social implications that help the poor. Whilst covid is still around is it worth it. Along with this technology development, it will also have a great impact on other industries. An industry that would benefit from these printers is the healthcare industry. These printers would allow hospitals to print out implants, different types of splints, etc. Overall the 3-d printers in my opinion are a more of a benefit to society even when weighing the pros and cons. The amount of opportunity for so many companies, different organizations, anything where supply and demand comes into play. These printers are going to become the future in a few short years. The most important aspect to think about is the financial and business side of this. Is this a good investment opportunity, does it have the potential to become a multi million dollar item? All of these are going to be answered in the near future. It has a very well background already and is just getting started.

  25. This article is very informative about the ever-evolving technology in the world today. This technology that is mentioned in the article refers to the betterment of people’s lives which is a great sign for the world and advancements in technology. The first time I came across 3-D printing was in my junior year CAD class, and it was a great achievement then to make little sculptures and even gun parts that are now highly illegal. Having 3-D printing advancing all the way to being able to “print” out houses is an incredible feat for mankind. In my opinion this is going to be useful for helping people in need that are homeless as this is a cheaper version to housing and a cost-efficient way of building these homes. As this is a beginning in Nacajuca, Mexico this could be a good start to combat homeless rates in other countries as well as the U.S. These houses can provide millions with a cheaper housing market creating more jobs for people who want to become real-estate agents.

    This can provide a lot of shelter for the less fortunate while it also provides an incentive for people to turn their life around as they get to have a new house for very little money. The article discusses Mr. Hernandez’s situation as it states, “2,500 pesos a month from utilizing a small workspace inside his home which often floods and how in a matter of months, him and his family are moving to a new 500 sq. Ft home with two bedrooms, a finished kitchen and bath, and indoor plumbing.” This quote provides an example that Mr. Hernandez’s could find a way to restart his life and make money a different way. 3-D printers can hold so much value into today’s world as they can start to print useful things for people such as parts for a respirator for Covid-19.

    I found this topic to be very eye opening to me as I did not know 3-D printers could come in this version of a big concrete pouring machine that builds reliable houses for people in need. I wonder if the laws will change in the housing market as this becomes more available to more people. I think this is a great start and a head in the right direction for people living in the slums or third world countries to get a roof over their head.

  26. This article did a great job in explaining how 3-D printers can help communities and the construction industry as a whole. Having a device that makes building houses so quick and easy is vital in helping those where a safe and comfortable home is not a guarantee. Being able to print houses for people who have lost their homes to natural disasters and those who cannot afford a home will go a long way in helping to make the world a better place for everyone. They were already very useful during the pandemic as mentioned in the article, “printing objects like test swabs, protective gear and respirator parts”(Kamin). 3-D printers have many other uses in the healthcare industry as well, according to the FDA, “commercially available 3-D printed medical devices include instrumentation, implants, and external prostheses”(FDA). It is incredible to see how those who are missing limbs or are in need of implants can use 3-D printing to better their lives. 3-D printing has the potential to grow to even larger heights in the healthcare industry as well, with the FDA stating that “scientists are researching how to use the 3-D printing process to manufacture living organs such as a heart or liver”(FDA). This would be groundbreaking in terms of helping those who are in need of more complex and complicated surgeries such as heart or liver transplants.

    The growth of 3-D does raise some complicated issues. Similar to all types of technology, 3-D printers will only become faster, cheaper, and more efficient as time goes on and technology advances. This will make them a lot more widespread as they will be more affordable to the public. We may see 3-D printers as a common thing in many households pretty soon. The problem with this is that a 3-D printer in the hands of someone with bad intentions can be a dangerous thing. Since 3-D printers can print about anything, there is nothing stopping someone with bad intentions from printing dangerous weapons. Restrictions for 3-D printers will need to be included to stop the printers from printing dangerous items, much like regular printers have restrictions in place to stop people from scanning and printing currency. Another problem that the growth of 3-D printing raises has to do with construction jobs. As mentioned in the article, “the printer is controlled by a tablet or smartphone, requires as few as three workers and can complete a home in less than 24 hours”(Kamin). The fact that the 3-D printer can complete a house quickly with the use of so few workers puts the future of many builders around the world in question. 3-D printers would allow construction companies to take on and complete many more jobs in a fewer amount of time without the need of too many workers. This raises the question of if these companies will be more willing to invest in more 3-D printers than more workers, especially given that the printers will only become better and cheaper over time.

  27. In the article it details how an 11 foot 3D printer helps builds homes for the less unfortunate and these homes are very sturdy. These homes are being built for people whom are less fortunate and can’t afford bigger home but the question of safety comes into question. In the article it states that the houses do take significantly less time to be built but it is very safe, because a 3D printer building a house is odd, but it has withstood a 7.4 earthquake. These houses have become a mainstream platform during the pandemic and it can simply be built with the use of a smartphone or tablet, which goes to farther show the replacement of real life workers and shows the technical advance of technology ad the future of society. With only needing three workers and 24 hours to make a house I think that this can potentially effect the economy in a bad way because if this reaches global capacity this can replaces millions of workers, at the cost of cheaper prices for projects being done, which was stated that it’ll call for more regulation. 3-D printing is becoming a huge advancement while it’s providing transplants and withholding successful survival rate sand it makes you think what can be next, could it be a danger and a threat to jobs or can it be the cure to everything?

  28. Poverty is a major issue that many countries are facing and they have no solution as to how to fix it because of the cost and the supplies needed for it. In the article above from the New York Times, a 3D printer was able to build homes for the families living in poverty. This was an interesting article to me because I would have never thought that a 3D was able to do such a huge project that can benefit a population of people. In countries that are known for tropical storms, there is a need for a stable home to withstand such conditions. With the 3D printer there is no need to worry because their homes have withstood a 7.4 earthquake. Not to also mention that building these homes are also cost friendly which means multiple homes can be made for a decent price. Could this be the end of poverty ?

  29. This fascinating article discusses the power of the unique new technology known as 3-D printing. While not being brand new in the world, the 3D printing technology has certainly advanced over the recent few years. I have been lucky enough to be around this technology with my friends from high school. We would always make small little toys and unique items out of the printer, simply by uploading a picture to the software and letting the printer take its course. 3D printers have always been a unique fascination of mine because you can make practically anything you desire with some plastic and a little bit of time. What is really interesting about this article is that it is such a great alternative and cheaper tactic to try to manage and eventually end the poverty crisis. To put that into more detail, the article presents us with the Hernandez family and how they live off of just 2,500 pesos per month, which is the equivalent to just 125.95 United States dollars. To compare that to how much that is, on average, the everyday American spends around over $1,442 PER WEEK with around 75,000 yearly. It is not even a comparison as to how little these people have. What makes this story better though, is that with this 11 ft tall 3D printer, is changing the lives of those who find to be less fortunate as others. I think that this idea is so unique and creative, as well as inspiring because it can be the reason that we eventually end the homeless/poverty crisis that has been going on for years. Another cool fact about these houses is that they can withstand an extensive amount of additional force/weather (so it is basically a real house). This may sound like a great idea (which I feel it is) but the only concern I feel as though the companies who produce the specific plastics and other materials used to produce items, would have trouble trying to keep the supply to demand ratio afloat. Especially after the pandemic because we have seen how the supply chain and markets have been affected just by the process of trying to obtain certain supplies. To summarize, the idea of 3D printing houses whether it is using concrete, special plastic, or even powder, is a revolutionary cost effective way to help take families off of the street and into the world of brand new opportunities. With this technology, we can eventually reach new heights and advance in the world of 3D printing, which can ultimately allow us to build large scale items for advanced usage. Who knows, maybe we will send 3D printed rockets to the moon…

    A cool video on 3D printing houses:

  30. The concept of three-dimensional printing has always fascinated me. I have heard of people 3D printing objects like pencils, a measuring spoon, or a phone stand so hearing that eleven-foot houses are being built through three-dimensional printing, my mind is blown. These eleven-foot houses are being built in Mexico for residents living in poverty. Pedro Garcia Hernandez, a Mexican carpenter who earns around $125 per month, is lucky to be one of the 500 people whose house is being built by New Story, a San Francisco nonprofit organization. Other organizations are partnering with New Story to provide housing for communities in extreme poverty. Echale, a social housing production company in Mexico and Icon, a construction technology company in Austin, Texas are helping New Story with this amazing mission. To build the homes, Icon’s Vulcan II printer, which retails for around $7000, layers lavacrete and cement mix with one another to create a durable material to build homes with. The printer is controlled by a tablet, requires as few as three workers, and a home can be built in less than 24 hours. Technology is crazy!
    New Story broke ground in 2019 and after two years of building, 200 homes are either under construction or have been completed. In addition to homes, New Story, Echale, and Icon are interested in creating schools, soccer fields, libraries, and more. Apparently, 3D printing builds durable structures that can withstand natural disasters such as earthquakes, which are frequent in Mexico. Two downsides of 3D printing structures are that large, commercial-sized buildings cannot be built and people are unsure how the 3D printed structures already built will perform over time. Will the structures deteriorate after 5 years? Will the structures become moldy? We will have to wait and see what happens.
    Because of the pandemic, Smithers, a technology consulting firm, says the 3D printing market is forecasted to be worth $55.8 billion by 2027. In 2019, I would have believed this but now after seeing how much of the hype 3D printers receive now, I estimate the 3D printing market will be worth around $20 billion by 2027. I know someone who owns a 3D printer and the last time they used it was around two years ago for a school project. My friend complained that 3D printing takes a long time to print, the filament is expensive, and printing creates a lot of excess waste. However, with how effective 3D printing is with building homes for people in need, I think the market will be worth an additional $20 billion. Overall, it is cool to see technology being used in different, unconventional ways to help people in need. I wonder what else can be built using 3D printing… maybe a rocket ship? A car?

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