Daylight Saving Time Has A Dark Side. Here’s What You Need To Know

from Fast Company

A train hurtled around a corner at 82 mph, eventually coming off the rails and killing four passengers.

Decades earlier, faulty decision-making resulted in the deaths of the seven-person crew of the Space Shuttle Challenger.

Years before these events, a stuck valve regulating the supply of coolant to a nuclear reactor nearly resulted in the meltdown of a nuclear plant in Pennsylvania. In each of these cases, poor or inadequate sleep was one of the factors that contributed to the failure.

Even if you are not an engineer working in one of those contexts, the odds are pretty good that you occasionally get a poor night’s sleep. In fact, over one-third of American adults sleep less than the suggested minimum seven hours a night and two-thirds of American teens sleep less than their minimum recommended eight hours. Even for those with good sleep hygiene, there is one time of year when you are likely to be short on sleep—the annual shift to daylight saving time.

As an organizational psychologist at the University of Oregon, I have examined a variety of ways in which sleep affects employees. In particular, my colleagues and I investigate how circadian misalignment caused by the shift to daylight saving time leads to costly work and social outcomes.

More here.

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25 Comments

  1. We all have a love-hate relationship with daylight savings. In the spring, we lose an hour of sleep which causes us all to be frustrated for at least a week until we have adjusted to the time change. However in the fall, we gain an hour of sleep, which does not take much adjustment for many people. I have heard for years that daylight savings is to help support agriculture. However, having worked on a farm for many years, no matter the amount of sunlight, a farmer will be in the field early and stay till the work is done. The article shows that people have poor production after losing an hour of sleep. Most Americans experience a bad night of sleep or are unable to sleep at least eight hours a day. This is a common issue that everyone faces but all at the same time during daylight savings. At the end of the year we go back to a normal time schedule, so what is the purpose of losing an hour in the spring and gaining one later in the fall? Hawaii and Arizona ignore the daylight savings time and have functioning societies similar to the other 48 states. Daylight savings is not helping anyone, especially in the beginning. It’s an adjustment that no matter how many years we go through it, the first week losing an hour of sleep is always the hardest.

  2. Sleep as we all know is essential and a good night’s rest is what some of us need after a day’s work and many don’t seem to get enough of it. Getting enough sleep is detrimental to staying alert during the day and poor sleep can contribute to being tired, lack of attention and focus, headaches, sleep deprivation and even death. I personally am familiar with this as I have experienced sleep deprivation throughout most of my life; I barely get six hours of sleep during most nights especially during high school and last semester during college and I end up being inattentive and sleepy during classes and lectures. Others are not so fortunate; six years ago, a train derailed whilst going around a corner at 62 miles per hour that ended up killing 4 passengers. It is because some of us never seem to be able to get enough of it that’s causing all these injuries and death from accidents that can be avoided.

    The deadly metro crash that killed four in New York wasn’t the only accident that could have been avoided. Decades ago, a Space Shuttle Challenger took off only to disintegrate over the Atlantic Ocean a few moments later and a decade prior to the shuttle incident, a relief valve that regulated nuclear reactor coolant nearly resulted in the meltdown of a nuclear plant in Pennsylvania. The accidents that happened in each of these cases were related to sleep from sleep apnea to sleep deprivation.

    Society is demanding too much to the point where most Americans are very likely to experience having inadequate sleep compared to adequate sleep. Nowadays, a combination of work, school, study and leisure time leaves us not enough time for us to get adequate sleep. Us humans spend one-third of our lives sleeping and coincidently, over one-third of Americans sleep less than suggested seven hours of sleep. We need to sleep to function properly in the daytime as our alertness and focus during the daytime depending on it. Our bodies are like batteries, we need sleep to be “fully charged” and prepared for the day to come, if we don’t, think of yourself as a dead toy with old batteries.

    This is where daylight savings time comes into place; it messes up your sleep schedule, even more, when the clock advances while your body does not. A switch in the daylight savings time takes days for us to adapt to because our body is not used to a new time and our body will go to sleep earlier because the sun might set later or earlier than before.

  3. As a kid, I always looked forward to day-light savings. It never mattered to me that I would have to wake up an hour earlier for school. That was a small price to pay for more sunlight during the day. Being able to stay out later playing sports with my friends provided me with a certain thrill. There was nothing better than being outside at 7:30 with the sun still out and a cool evening breeze keeping us awake and ready to go. Darkness typically meant that I would have to go home and start getting ready for school the next day. However, I was oblivious to the real-life ramifications that day-light savings brought about. When your a kid, what does one less hour of sleep mean? You don’t have any real responsibility, so nothing really gets effected. This article brings to light just how much of an impact day light savings has worldwide. There are people who need every hour of sleep they can get. For instance, Judges have been found to hand out harsher sentences in the days immediately after day-light savings. While that might seem insignificant in the grand scheme of things, you have to look at it more personally. What if its someone you care about who got a harsher sentence, because the judge was sleep deprived and in a bad mood? If the difference between your court ruling was an hour of sleep, you’d definitely want to do away with day light savings.

    On a more personal note, now that I am in college day-light savings effects me differently. I now have responsibilities that I need to attend to early in the morning. Whether it be a class at 8 am, or work at 7, if don’t get enough sleep I won’t be able to put forth my best effort. This is a huge deal, because in college every day counts. One set back has a domino effect, and can impact the rest of my week. Humans are creatures of habit. Once you get into a routine that works for you, you don’t want to stray from it.

  4. My initial question to this article would have been; why does it matter whether or not we gain or lose an hour of sleep annually? Many people do not sleep the recommended amount of time to begin with. However, I know that although I do not sleep great regularly, daylight savings time is not something that I look forward to on the Sunday that it happens. Losing an hour of sleep is frustrating to me and according to this article, it clearly is for others also. As a student athlete, many people lecture me daily about the importance of sleep and resting my body. Sometimes I find it hard throughout the day to get everything that I need done, finished at a reasonable hour so that I can get a good nights sleep. With daylight savings time, I seem to have even less time in the day than what I am normally use to. As the article mentioned, it takes people a few days to adjust to the one less hour, therefore, causing sleep deprivation and poor performance at work. If it can be proven that the Monday after daylight savings time causes those who work with or near computers to be on them more while doing non work related things, it is clear that the mental capacity we have to focus from lack of sleep is low. This fact is not new but having this as an annual thing may not be one of our best public policies.
    With some research that I did, I discovered that the Uniform Time Act was put into action in 1966 permanently. Shortly thereafter, Arizona opted out of the Act and remains the only state in the contiguous United States that does not follow daylight savings time. Hawaii is the only other state that does not follow (https://www.independent.co.uk/).
    My question then becomes, if one state was able to do this back then, what is holding others states back from making the same push? It is very difficult to be able to constantly have these mass surveys done on people the day after day light savings time and find that work injuries increase and production decreases tremendously.
    Honestly when I was younger I did not focus so much on daylight savings time. I just woke up and went to bed when I was told to without a care in the world with how much sleep I got. I had no homework and no obligations back then. Now as a grown college student, I see what a necessity sleep is and one hour may not seem that drastic but it truly is. Just waking up one day and it is light outside, versus the next and it is dark can also change ones mood about the day ahead. I do not speak for everyone but I honestly am not the biggest fan of losing an hour because when you have a routine, that is what you want to stick to. However, I do understand that this is the law so until it changes, we just have to do our best and deal with it as we have for years.

  5. While not important to us younger, healthy people, taking an hour of sleep away from a professional driver with high blood pressure and AFIB can have tremendously dire consequences. Some of the stats in this article are shocking: while I knew about the heart attack increase, I had no idea that it cost Americans hundreds of millions in expenses. It seems that I could go on endlessly, as if almost everything is worse the week after only a single hour of time is erased from our sleep cycles. Playing devils advocate is easy; why are people not responsible enough to sleep longer? Most people should be able to, but most people does not include professional drivers, night time workers, or even some students who can not afford that hour (and that is just to name a few).

    When an answer to a problem is so simple that it seems wrong to second guess it, one must wonder why the answer has not been made law. Eliminate daylight savings time, end of question. Are these constant issues worth upholding laws that frankly do not matter anymore? Farmers do not need it anymore, and the claim that it helps us make better use of our daylight does not hold up when the casualties and financial losses from upholding the laws stack up. For NJ, for example, depending on where the clock is chosen to stay, we could have a sunrise in the summer before 5 AM. Or, in the Winter, the sun could set well before 4 PM. Meanwhile, in more extreme latitudes, the sun rarely sets and rarely rises regardless of one hour on the clock — basically, I am arguing that the relativity of time usefulness is ultimately inconsequential and not worth altering in a way that damages people and the economy.

  6. Daylight savings has people torn. The amount of times I have heard complaints about how useless changing the time is crazy and I have to agree with them. Other than it supposedly helping farmers, I only believe we have not changed the law because we are used to it and people don’t like change. Sleep is essential and disturbing people’s body clock is completely unnecessary. This article by David Wagner, should convince those weary of abandoning daylight savings that leaving it in the past is necessary, data shows that “the spring shift to daylight saving time resulted in a 6 percent increase in mining injuries and a 67 percent increase in workdays lost because of these injuries.” Not only that, there is just too much evidence against daylight savings that makes it no sense to keep continuing to change the clock. Wagner goes on to explain how the Monday after daylight savings judges tend to give harsher punishments with a 5 % longer jail time. Daylight saving effects everything even the economy which I found shocking. The Unites States loses $434 million each year due to daylight savings. Also, tragic accidents happen due to poor decision making. One tragic accident that I did not know daylight savings effected was the Space Shuttle Challenger. When I was younger, I had read a book called Taking Off by Jenny Moss. The book had a huge effect on me since I had no idea what the Challenger take off tragedy was since I wasn’t alive in 1986. The story revolved around a teenage girl graduating high school who is not sure about what she wants to do. She meets Christa McAuliffe, the teacher training to go to space. They formed a bond and I was so excited to read about the take off. The tragic ending had my middle school self-devastated. It was such a highly anticipated launch and if only they had delayed the launch by a few hours for the ice to melt inside the engine of the shuttle it would have not exploded. The clouded judgment of the NASA professionals led to the loss of seven lives. Poor sleep has horrific consequences and I say we get rid of daylight savings.

  7. Initially, before I started reading the article, I thought the author was just going to go overboard and exaggerate everything because of a simple time change. But after reading the article with an open mind, David Wagner creates some valid points. What first shocked me is when Wagner mentions, “Using a database of mining injuries from the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, we discovered that the spring shift to daylight saving time resulted in a 6 percent increase in mining injuries and a 67 percent increase in workdays lost because of these injuries.” I think this is so interesting because I would not think of something like daylight savings shift in time to have such a ripple effect on workers. The time shift, workers are then tired throughout the workday, they are less productive/may not have energy which opens the door for things such as injuries of harsh mistakes to happen.
    Something that I do feel is a bit exaggerated in the article is when Wagner states, “we found that searches for entertainment or related categories were much more prevalent (3.1%-6.4%) on the Monday immediately following the time change than they were on the Mondays before and after the time change. Given that much of this search activity was conducted at work, we concluded that workers are misusing their internet access when they should be working—a behavior called cyberloafing.” Maybe that test was coincidental because the study is only involving two days out of the entire year. Or maybe that the daylight savings time is making people tired and bored, so workers look for things to keep them up and awake throughout the workday.
    Lastly, what simply made me laugh in this article is when Wagner mentions, “In fact, over one-third of American adults sleep less than the suggested minimum seven hours a night and two-thirds of American teens sleep less than their minimum recommended eight hours.” I do indeed fall under two-thirds of American teens that sleep less than the recommended 8 hours. I honestly cannot remember the last time I have fallen asleep for 8 or more hours, but hopefully, with having online classes and being at home I can find the time to do so.

  8. Waking up on the morning that daylight savings time goes into effect is probably one of the roughest wake-ups and mornings for any american, except those in Arizona and Hawaii as they do not observe daylight savings. It is obvious that productivity in workers the day after the clocks spring forward would decrease at least some, because it is extremely difficult to focus when you are tired. It should also be obvious that workplace injuries would be more likely to occur due to the inability to fully focus on what you are doing because of the lack of sleep. However, I did not know that several big disasters such as the space shuttle Challenger explosion were tied to things like a lack of sleep. While daylight savings time does add more daylight to the day, especially during the warmer months, the cost is almost not worth the 434 million that is stripped from the economy or the struggle of adjusting for the few days following the clocks springing forward. Arizona and Hawaii have rid of daylight savings because not only is it sunny for the majority of the day in those states, but it also prevents the struggle of adjusting to the new time and prevents that exact lack of productivity and other issues outlined in the article. Being a student, one thing the article mentions is that an adverse effect of daylight savings is that test scores for students noticeably decrease. This is absolutely something that I can attest to, as the lack of focus on top of the already less than recommended sleep amount that majority of teenagers get, as mentioned at the beginning of the article. To accompany for the hour missing, the workday following the spring forward should be pushed back an hour, to allow people to still be able to sleep. A lack of sleep is clearly detrimental to the economy and the productivity of the workforce. Overall, the effect of daylight savings really does not matter as much as it did back when it was first introduced, as an extra hour of sunlight really does nothing for blue collar or white collar workers, and the country as a whole should follow in the footsteps of Arizona and Hawaii and just get rid of it.

  9. David Wagner’s article, “ Daylight saving time has a dark side. Here’s what you need to know”, brings to light the underlying dangers that surround the concept of daylight savings. Wagner argues that the overnight change creates a gap in people’s sleeping patterns, leading to people getting on average 40 minutes less of sleep on the night the clocks change. While this may not seem significant, in combination with the evidence that over one- third of Americans sleep less than the recommend amount each night; this disturbance in sleep patterns can have very negative results in all aspects of society. Wagner explains how this sort of sleep deprivation heavily influences the blue and white collar work force. He points out that the night after the clocks change there are significant increases in; work injuries in underground mining, unproductive internet use in offices, and harsher sentences handed out by judges. It is interesting to see how almost all aspects of our society are so heavily affected by something as simple as an hour less of sleep and an hour more of sunlight. Personally, I think daylight savings provides more benefits than liabilities; there are studies that indicate that crime and traffic accident significantly decrease, as well as minimizes energy consumption. Because there is more natural light, I tend to find people are generally happier. While the short comings of daylight savings cannot be ignored, I do not think it needs to be eliminated completely. I agree with Wagner’s perspective that there should be a change in the workforce when the clocks change. As he explained, if people are not as productive at work during the week the clocks change, there should be regulations in place to help support our workers. Something that should be considered is changing standard work hours for the week after the clocks move forward. Instead of the normal nine to five hours, a hour delay could make all difference to employees. With this, they have the same amount of time to get work done and makeup their extra hour of sleep.

  10. I found this article particularly interesting because I have never thought about the negative ramifications of a national time change. As a child, Daylight savings is basically taught as an afterthought, only in our basic curriculum to explain what happens during this time of year; clocks are turned forward an hour because in antiquity, farmers would, in theory, be able to start their work earlier in the day. This psychological trick was used to get people to work earlier in the day and longer hours of daylight because of it, making the work day more productive overall in the times of the year when the sun set early.
    Although implemented in a time where travel and interstate commerce was less involved and frequent, the effects of this time difference in normal work tends to be almost insignificant. There is evidence that the benefits of daylights savings are not exactly conclusive, and that negative side effects are becoming more and more apparent over time. Studies show that our bodies are not so readily able to switch sleep patterns without consequence, even if it is just an hour difference.
    It is also known that Americans on average do not get what is considered that ‘required’ amount of sleep each night. Much of this is due to peoples work, many companies demand a lot from workers and oftentimes workers will sacrifice sleep to finish a job. While dutiful, this behavior raises a question about the state of workers when deprived of necessary sleep. Oftentimes glaring mistakes can be made by an individual who is simply groggy, let alone one who is systematically deprived of sleep over a period of time. This can greatly effect the performance of a worker, and can be exemplified by the less of an hour of sleep to someone that is already losing precious sleep time.
    Whether or not Daylight Savings alone can account for the sleep deprivation experienced by Americans all over the country on a regular basis seems farfetched, but it certainly exemplify cases in which sleep deprivation is already severe, and thus only furthers the issue by taking away more sleep. The decision to rid of daylight savings I am personally a fan of, as there is no longer the same culture or economy that existed when this law was passed over 100 years ago.

  11. Daylight savings is something that we are taught growing up, but in such a simple manner. We are simply taught that the clock goes an hour ahead, but we lose an hour of sleep and nothing more. I never thought deeper into the effects of daylight savings until this article quite frankly because I never personally seen the worst possibilities. Most people get less sleep than the recommended amount which has an influence on the work that they do the next day. I personally feel exhausted and out of focus when I do not get a good night’s sleep or when it is daylight savings time. The article mentions that a lack of sleep from daylight savings costs the American economy roughly $434 million each year. That amount of money includes issues such as cyber-loafing, injuries, sick or vacation days increase, and the obvious issue of health. The Monday after the time change, many employees are apt to surf the web, also known as cyber-loafing, rather than working which shows in productivity reports. Injuries from physical jobs like construction or mining tend to happen more often after daylight savings, which shows that there is a lack of focus and energy in the workers. The injuries then lead to sick or vacation days as the injured workers can no longer come into work causing companies to lose money. Health is the biggest issue that comes from daylight savings, as people’s bodies tend to take a few days to adjust to the time change. People lose out on sleep and put themselves at risk within the next day without even realizing it. I really enjoyed that this article pointed out a lot of the issues that this time change causes and can back it up with evidence, as I personally never thought much of it. My views are changed now on the topic and it will force me to pay attention to the outcomes during the next time change and see how much I can relate back to the statistics.

  12. I have never thought about daylight savings in an in-depth manner. To me it has always just been a time when you either lose some sleep or you gain some sleep nothing more and nothing less. But now after reading this article I feel like there is way more to daylight savings than what is on the surface. When I first started reading the article and the tile said “dark side” for some reason the first thing I thought was maybe drug-trafficking activity increases or kidnappings or something of that severity. After reading the article I see that when they say dark side it is a serious issue for example the article speaks about a train that came off its tracks and ended up killing some people but mainly the article focused on what happens when we lose some sleep and how our bodies do not adjust to the change as fast as the clocks. I think that it is kind of crazy to think about some of the things the article spoke about such as effectiveness of employees and sentences by judges were different after losing approximately 40 minutes of sleep. In my opinion if losing 40 minutes of sleep can have that much of an effect on you maybe your problem isn’t one that has to do with sleep but rather you have some issues on a much deeper level and you should go and get that checked out. I do also believe that even if you are not getting your 8 hours of sleep for teens and 7 hours for adults everyday you are still able to function as if nothing has changed. At that point it becomes a matter of whether you are used to it or not. I know a lot of people who do not get the recommended amount of sleep per night but still function as well or probably even better than people who do sleep the recommended amount. Seriously I am shocked at the effect of losing 40 minutes of sleep has on Americans, that could be because a majority of Americans are obese and if you are not obese then you are just lazy and that’s losing a few minutes of sleep can seriously affect you. There is a lot to say on obesity but it is not the main focus of this response so if you want more you can look here: https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html

  13. Daylight savings is something we all dread, we lose that most important hour of sleep. The article makes a valid point to eliminate DST, but I don’t think that is the best way to go about it. Yes, I see the point in terms of public safety that DST is not at all a good idea rather more of a menace to society as a whole. It’s the reason why the companies lose billions in dollars, petty crimes being judged too hard, and job productivity declines in favor of streaming companies. The problem is that the solution is too one dimensional. It would be genuinely difficult to eradicate the idea across the nation, how many companies would really be on board with the idea of losing sun time or changing their new lifestyle. Were not the only country to have DST so how would we adapt to theirs. I understand that this is relatively a mass amount of people’s problem, but I think it’s the opposite. It’s an individual person’s problem.
    When looking at the data yes, mass amounts of people causing problems. The answer to fix it is the same as if it was in school, don’t punish the class just punish the individual, in this case, many individuals. The reality is people will be tired no matter what when they wake up on time or not. The solution is simple, mimic the successful people regarding their morning routines. The minimum for a healthy adult is between seven to nine hours a night. Assuming most adults don’t have that minimum there’s one strike. Yes, DST does make that seven into a six in that case in order to be ready once DST is implemented. At least four weeks before DST, begin to reset your bedtime. This can be done by “adjusting no more than 15 minutes earlier every two to three days” said Kristen Stewart in How to fix your sleep schedule. The second would be actually implementing a morning routine such as working out, meditating, reading, and spending time with the kids before work. Now if we wake up at let’s say five in the morning for an example to get seven hours we would be asleep by 10, nothing too crazy. If the latest we can leave the house is 7:30 to make it on time to our 8 am job then that is 2 hours and thirty minutes to have a workout, shower, make the bed, read, spend time with loved ones and a five-minute meditation before the actual day has started. The workout will give you an energy push throughout the day. Making the bed is the first task that must be completed, giving the confidence to take on the tasks of the day. Read is to open up the mind or catch up on new news that can give you an edge in the world like the futures on the stock market before the opening bell. Spending time with loved ones is always very important that one should go without saying. Now the last task before leaving the house would be mediation to help center and focus for the rest of the day as well as many health benefits. All this is done before even stepping outside of the house. By the time you step out of the house your wide-awake leaving little chance for those slip-ups shown in the article to happen. This is done simply through fixing the sleeping schedule before DST and implementing a morning routine.
    Yes, for everyone to implement this would be impossible, but if the majority does then it should lower these numbers in the article. Take this coronavirus for example. Of course, not everyone is following the rules, but many are. Since many people are following self-isolation, we are trying to lower the infection curve to allow medical professionals to do their job easier. In this case, if this is implemented than many people who are just trying to do their job will be able to.

    For more information on a morning routine: https://www.lifehack.org/articles/productivity/10-morning-habits-highly-successful-people-that-make-them-extraordinary.html

  14. Often, we don’t get enough sleep as we view sleep to be inferior or unimportant to the other activities that we have to do, such as hobbies, work, or studying for tests. With this, we often are sleep deprived, which greatly affects our work performance and numerous other activities; however, our bodies adjust to this lack of sleep. Therefore, we eventually get used to the six or seven hours that we get each night when daylight savings time comes in the spring, and we spring forward an extra hour that an hour of sleep lost, which we aren’t used to leaving many adverse effects. In an article from Fast Company titled Daylight Saving Time has a dark side by David Wagner, the negative effect this spring forward of time is thoroughly discussed. In 1918 daylight savings time became law even thought that during that time, many people had their own criticisms of it. With daylight savings time being on a Saturday night, not many would think that it would even leave an effect on someone going into the workweek, as in theory, there is Sunday to catch up on your sleep. Even though this may be the case, according to the article, “Americans sleep approximately 40 minutes less than usual on the Sunday to Monday night following the switch”. Therefore, many people go into their Monday workday with 40 minutes less of sleep, in turn throwing them off of their usual schedule, which, according to the article, dramatically affects the worker’s productivity. The article stating that “workers are misusing their internet access when they should be working—a behavior called cyberloafing. Such loafing on the job following the time change suggests that people are less productive when mildly sleep-deprived due to the time change”. Showing how the time change significantly slashes the productivity of the workers and in some cases, this lack of productivity has been shown to be deadly as the article states that “the spring shift to daylight saving time resulted in a 6 percent increase in mining injuries and a 67 percent increase in workdays lost because of these injuries”. The imminent loss in productivity and its inherent ability to prove its self-deadly has led many to question why we even still have daylight savings time; as the lack of sleep that it causes leads to numerous issues. Some states such as Arizona and Hawaii have already moved on from daylight saving time as the view in multitude of cons to be way my impactful on people then the few pros it produces. Overall, this article is a great discussion starter as it leaves many to question if daylight savings time should even still be practiced or not. After reading the article and seeing all of the cons associated with daylight saving’s time and the few pros that it produces being shaky at the beast, I am on the side that daylight savings time should no longer be a law in America. Overall, it just brings down people’s quality of life and slashes job productivity in the week that follows.

  15. While I understand the concerns of daylight savings time, I believe that in many of the instances stated there could have been preventative measures and daylight savings is not to blame. I think that in many cases there is not enough evidence to show that missing sleep is the main factor in these cases. Similarly, I think it is somewhat of an anomaly that judges give out slightly longer prison sentences the day after daylight savings. I argue that daylight savings saves a lot of money and energy; two things that this country very desperately needs to save. Daylight savings saves about .5 percent of the nation’s electricity per day, this amount of energy can power up to one hundred thousand homes per day. In a country that is constantly wasting energy and resources, it is imperative that we save every little bit of energy we can. I believe that it is the responsibility of each individual to prepare for the time change by going to bed earlier than they normally would. I fail to see how a change of one hour can truly impact someone so heavily. It is not incredibly difficult to plan accordingly when issues arise in one’s sleep schedule. Daylight savings time faces a lot of scrutiny because its origin is somewhat outdated. It was originally adopted to preserve resources like fuel during World War One. But the effect of daylight savings still has a positive effect on the country today. With the amount of energy we as a country save, I do not see any evident reason that daylight savings should stop. People complain about a lack of sleep, in reality, I see a lack of discipline and an ability to plan in advance. There is no justifiable evidence that explains why the country should stop daylight savings, especially when such “evidence” is incredibly menial. The country needs every bit of saved electricity and money, especially in a time like this where the country is being ravaged by a pandemic and resources are slowly depleting. Moreover, the reasons to keep daylight savings heavily outweigh the reasons to abandon what has been a successful system.

  16. As a US citizens who has lived most of his life in a foreign country, daylight time saving is a practice of which I had knowledge, however, it never made complete sense to me. After enrolling in college I experienced this practice first hand and still didn’t make sense. After reading this article, it makes even less sense. I understand the reason behind the practice and it’s significance, but I don’t understand the positive effect that it has, if there’s any. It made no sense for me from the basic. How is this different to waking up an hour earlier? I understand that this practice implies that all schedules move up an hour leaving an additional hour of enjoyable sunlight afterwards, but I don’t know if an additional hour is really worth it. Besides having to set all the clocks to the proper time, losing an hour of sleep turns out to be the biggest issue, as the text explains. Yes, people could go to sleep earlier the day before the shift occurs, but, as I mentioned before, people could also wake up an hour earlier to gain an hour, in the end, the sun shines for the same period of time regardless. This is why the practice doesn’t make sense to me. Let’s go back to the focus of the text. The daylight saving hour shift is correlated to poor sleep. Poor sleep is a factor that contributes to failed or reduced performance. So, if poor sleep already causes various various incidents every year, why take an hour of sleep away on top of that? Well, the daylight time saving practice is said to help moderate the use of resources that are mostly used at nighttime, but, going back to what I said before, this is not very logical considering that the sun shines for the same period of time regardless. I believe that this practice should be preserved solely for tradition, otherwise, it does not contribute significantly to the American society.

  17. This past daylight savings, Sunday March 8th, I was in Chicago with the cheer team. That next morning, we had to get up at around seven to get to the airport after 2 days of madness. So, we lost an hour of sleep in daylight saving and another hour when crossing over from central to eastern time. I’ll admit when I was getting on the plane the thought of weather or not the pilot got enough sleep crossed my mind. This article highlighted some very unfortunate incidents in which daylight saving harmed many workers and civilians. I must say I always thought of daylight savings as being a day that simply caused a little extra grogginess the next morning. I never truly considered how it could really impact workers across America. From there I would like to point out a line that caught my attention, “the odds are pretty good that you occasionally get a poor night’s sleep”. As students I think we can agree that the odds we get a good night’s sleep are very low. Between classes, homework, a job, and binge-watching Netflix it really, I hard to get a full 6 hours of sleep. Coincidentally, I did a presentation on how sleep effects work in my oral communications class. I focused on teaching my classmates on how to get better when you can’t get a lot of it, so I thought I’d share that with you. I got into all this in 7th grade when I realize how bad my back hurt when I woke up. I ended up training myself to sleep on my back and have been interested in sleep studies ever since. For anyone that doesn’t know, it is best to sleep in intervals of 90 minutes because of our REM cycle. There are sleep calculators online that can do the math if you tend to count on your fingers like me. There are also studies on what sleep positions are best for certain ailments, conditions, and for standard sleep. I’ve linked a very basic diagram for anyone who is interested. So, we’ve all come to the terms with the fact that every night can’t be a long night’s sleep. But there are more efficient ways to rest and it’s important to know them in order to prevent bad things from happening.

    https://i.pinimg.com/236x/0c/59/2d/0c592d38943c8bf31edade9975a7d5b9.jpg

  18. Sleep is one of the most important factors in the human body for it to function properly and successfully. Although this article does support that daylight savings time might affect sleep in a negative way, I believe this one hour change twice a year should not have not have any effect whatsoever on the success for an individual. With the author stating scenarios, for example, the Space Shuttle Challenger crash and other serious catastrophes, sleep deprivation is not the main source of cause for these disasters. There were many other factors that took place that could or couldn’t have been prevented, but blaming it all on the lack of sleep and then shifting to the one hour time change is an argument I feel is not valid. Most people do have the luxury of time for them to prepare for this shift weeks in advance if needed to, but for those that don’t I still feel this time change is not monumental enough for their entire schedules to be disrupted. Being a sophomore in college, my schedule this semester has been more crammed compared to before after taking initiatives to join more organizations on campus as well as internships and classes. With the daylight saving happening on March 8, a very busy period for me, I didn’t even realize it had happened and I still continued my week as usual. I still support the idea that sleep deprivation in large amounts does affect the ability to function normally as most college students should know after staying up late for assignments, but this one hour shift is not something as large as this article is making it seem. The article also claims that there is an increase in, “a behavior called cyberloafing” (Wagner). Filling up your free time or extra time at hand in work with browsing the internet is also an unhealthy habit that might actually be the real reason for sleep deprivation or tiredness at work. There are numerous articles on how to fall asleep better or to stay more energized throughout the day, and looking at screens is what actually drags down someone’s energy. Although daylight savings time does impact sleep schedules, there is a bigger picture to be looking at rather than the shift of an hour of time.

  19. There was something about the title of this article that just made me want to read it. When I clicked on it, it just had an introduction that makes one want to keep reading. I agree with this article. I feel like daylight savings has its pros and cons. I feel like because of daylight saving I do feel more tired and like if I don’t get enough sleep. Especially when I have class or work in the morning. I find it interesting how my mind and body can feel the different and it causes me to be more tired. I didn’t notice how bad it affected others though. But we do get an extra hour in the sun in the summer time and I love it, especially since summer is my favorite season. However, I do feel after a while our bodies get accustomed to the new change. As an adult, most people have major responsibilities and this can affect it. But as a responsible adult you must make changes before they affect you. For example, get your body used to going to sleep an hour earlier before daylight savings so then the change won’t have a major toll on you. Something I found interesting was the research conducted to see if the daylight savings shift “influences our ability to perceive the moral features of a given situation.” I thought the results were kind of obvious, people are less likely to completely think straight when they are sleep deprived. Personally, my whole mood changes, I’m less tolerable and I can not fully think straight.

  20. While the origins of Daylight Saving Time are less than clear, and go back for many years before its adoption in the United States, we can pick the story up during World War I. Contrary to the old myth, Daylight Saving Time was not adopted as a way of helping the farmers maximize their sunlight, as days get greater and fewer hours of sunlight.
    Rather, its current adoption began in Europe during World War I, as a way for countries to conserve energy resources – mainly coal. While this began in Europe in 1916, it was in 1918 that the United States came on board with the idea.
    Not only is the very idea of it completely unnecessary in modern times, but as we can see in this article, there are actual health and financial implications that arise from moving the time.
    It is fair to point out that the “8 hour” sleep requirement was largely an arbitrary result of a catch phrase that originated a couple hundred years ago, “8 hours’ labour, 8 hours’ recreation, 8 hours’ rest”, as a way of reducing the average working day from over 10 hours. In recent years, scientists have found that the amount of recommended sleep varies with the individual, but tends to reside in the 6-9 hour range; thus, there is reinforcement to the 8-hour recommendation.
    What they have also found is that the “spring forward” part of Daylight Saving Time, where the clocks are adjusted ahead by one hour in the spring, costs people an average of forty minutes of sleep for that night. While that may not sound like much, the examples given in the article (a 2014 train crash, the errors during the Space Shuttle Challenger explosion, to cite two), while extreme, show just how dangerous losing sleep can be. They also point out that the loss of sleep leads to cyberloafing (my new favorite term), increases the chances of heart attacks by 5%, and costs the American economy $434 million per year.
    But let us not be bogged down with factual, science-based information, in hashing this out. The question is, “Do we need it?”
    No.
    Now, for those who do not have young children that have neither the desire nor the training to tell time, the “fall back” part of Daylight Saving Time (wherein you “gain” an hour by adjusting the clocks back an hour in Autumn) tends to be pretty nice. You get an extra hour of sleep! Does that counterbalance the opposing feeling one gets in the Spring when they “lose” an hour?
    Those who have the aforementioned untrained-in-time-telling young children can attest that both of these days are completely meaningless. It really just means the difference in the kid(s) waking up at 5am or 7am.
    So, what is the point? I do not mean that we should halt the practice because it doesn’t do anything for those people who have procreated. I mean that of the 195 sovereign countries on the planet Earth, only 70 of them observe Daylight Saving Time. That is approximately 36% of the world’s countries. We can’t even agree to it in the same country! Neither Arizona nor Hawaii observe Daylight Saving Time.
    The point is, we seem to continue to observe this weird time manipulation simply because, well, we have been doing it for so long. There is no real necessity to adopting it, which is why many of the countries that used to observe it no longer do.
    Let it die. It’s nice that some things (phones, computers) automatically update themselves, but I don’t need to waste precious minutes of my life adjusting manual clocks twice a year.

  21. The article, Daylight Saving Time has a dark side, discussed the adverse affect daylight savings has on american workers’ sleep schedules. The article states that one third of Americans do not get the recommended 7 hours of sleep. The lack of sleep has been shown to affect work related performance amongst employees. There has been a direct correlation between mining injuries and when the clocks spring forward, for daylight savings. The article overall concludes that daylights savings negatively affect workers in any field. I think this is an interesting study. I was surprised to see such a direct correlation. Overall I agree that the daylights saving is necessary in today’s times. The original purpose of daylight savings was to provide an extra hour of sunlight to people who worked outside all day and relied on the sunlight. People like farmers. Today, that is not such a concern in our society. It seems like daylight savings does more harm than good so I think we should end it.

  22. Everyone has different reasons as to why the either love, hate, or have mixed feelings for daylights saving times. It’s nice to have long days in the Summer, and short days in the cold winter. However the way its effects the productivity in people from switching the clocks forward can negatively impact the country. For example, when I was in middle school, a classmate fell asleep in class, leaning back in the chair and fell. This is just another way to show the productivity issues we face . To see so many people misusing the computer at work is an obvious sign that they are trying to stay awake or “look busy” while on the job. It could be very unsafe if only certain states were to stop using daylights saving time, since it was a man-made concept in 1918. If New York were to cancel this concept this could effect many different businesses and households even more than the current $434 million number suggest.

  23. Imagine after a long day of work and returning home to go to sleep. Your alarm goes off an hour earlier. You wake up exhausted, visualizing yourself in bed waking up at a time of your choice. You look at your alarm clock and notice it rang an hour earlier. At this point, you are confused and decide to check your phone time. After doing that, you notice you lost an hour of sleep. So you spend a few minutes changing the alarm clock and decide to go back to sleep. As you lie down in your bed, you struggle to fall asleep again. At this point, you are completely frustrated so you decide to get up and start your day. On your way to work, you are having issues trying to stay focused on the road. Due to lack of sleep, you almost got into an accident.
    Sleep is very underrated and should be prioritized often. According to David Wagner, “over one-third of American adults sleep less than the suggested minimum seven hours a night and two-thirds of American teens sleep less than their minimum recommended eight hours.” There is one time during the year when people lose an hour of sleep. This is called the daylight savings shift. Even people who very often take great care of their sleep are also affected by the shift in daylight savings.
    Since 1918, when daylight savings became an official law, it has since been an issue Americans struggle with. When daylight savings is in effect, our bodies need a few days to adapt to the different sleeping patterns. This is why during that time of the year, we tend to experience some form of lag in our daily lives. People who work in jobs that require physicality are victims of the change. According to Wagner, “the spring shift to daylight saving time resulted in a 6 percent increase in mining injuries and a 67 percent increase in workdays lost because of these injuries”. Sleep deprivation continues to hurt the economy especially during Daylight savings. Even economists have also estimated that the economy loses about $434 million each year.
    All these losses could be avoided and controlled in a way it does not affect the economy. Sleep is an important factor in our decision making. When we lack sleep, our decisions tend to be harsher than usual. As of now, a few states like Hawaii and Arizona have decided to abstain from daylight savings.Based on evidence, we would be better off shifting away from daylight savings. With many negative outcomes supporting the idea, we can take up measures to eliminate this practice. By doing this, we can save more money and lives as well. If daylight practices were to be stopped, what do you think we could do to replace it?

  24. “You need to get at least eight hours of sleep”, that is what my parents used to tell me growing up when I did not want to go to bed. They wanted me to understand the importance and value of getting sleep. These days I value sleep heavily, most days I do not get a good night’s sleep at all. Daylight saving time effects all of our sleep patterns. I have never really thought about daylight saving time or sought to learn about it closely. I actually had no idea it was law. My knowledge of it was that it affects whether we gain or lose an hour of sleep. After reading this article, I know much more about it. As the article title says, I know about its “dark side”. Daylight saving time has many negative effects that we do not realize. I figured that in an increase in daylight would also mean an increase in work. If the day gets longer, more work will be done. However I did not realize that a shift in daylight saving time can increase injuries. “Using a database of mining injuries from the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, we discovered that the spring shift to daylight saving time resulted in a 6 percent increase in mining injuries and a 67 percent increase in workdays lost because of these injuries.” Although it may increase work, that does not mean it helps with productivity. In fact, Wagner finds that directly after the shift there is an increase in cyberloafing at jobs. It is when you misuse your internet access, not working when you are suppose to. A very underrated negative is that daylight saving time affects a persons judgement. “A recent study found that judges hand out harsher sentences—5% longer in duration—the Monday following the time change, as compared to other days of the year. ” This is very important because every decision you make in life is important, especially judicial decisions. You also cannot take back every decision. You may make a bad decision or struggle on a vital test because of the shift. Daylight saving time is unfornately not going anywhere. I personally do not like it and I am sure I am not alone on this opinion. We just have to adjust when it occurs. This article helps us adjust and know the potential problems we may face.

  25. WebExhibits states that the original purpose of daylight savings was to “move an hour of daylight from the morning to the evening”, whereupon the daylight was much more useful, allowing society to save energy in a variety of forms. Unfortunately, all historical studies stating this to be the case, such as a 1975 study by the US Department of Transportation stating that DST trimmed the energy consumption of the entire country by a significant 1% each day, have questionable validity due to conflicting studies released during the same time period, such a study in 1976 by the National Bureau of standards that found that energy savings related to DST were insignificant. A far more likely reason for the staying power of DST after its initial implementation is, in my opinion, that people have simply grown used to it, and aren’t very keen on major change, with WebExhibits further stating that the primary reason for society’s continued use of the DST system is that “people like to enjoy long summer evening, and that reasons such as energy conservation are merely rationalizations”. It may, however, be time to revisit this international complacency, as the evidence states that the net change to society resulting from DST is a negative one, simply due to the fact that human biorhythm is not subject to changing the time on a clock as aptly detailed by Wagner’s article above.

    WebExhibits on DST, including statistics:
    http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html#:~:text=The%20main%20purpose%20of%20Daylight,the%20morning%20to%20the%20evening.

    Furthermore, It seems that Hawaii and Arizona are ahead of the power curve on this issue and will soon be joined by the European Union, which, as reported by Time and Date, voted in early 2019 to “stop the one-hour clock change in the European Union”, choosing to leave it up to each individual member state whether they wish to remain on Summer or Winter time. As the world slowly moves past what is seen by many as a failed experiment, it is important that we take great care to learn from this situation. There are many other areas in our society where we blindly accept something, not because it is the best practice for people, but because we are used to the status quo. As fellow commenter Mason Lai says “over one-third of Americans sleep less than the suggested seven hours of sleep”, which is a horrible situation not just for those who don’t get enough sleep, but for all people who are affected by those not getting their proper rest, those individuals hit by a car driven by a sleep deprived driver, or put in prison for years longer than they might have been otherwise by a sleep deprived judge, and more. This article does an excellent job of showcasing the serious harm that even a small amount of lost sleep can have on a society as a whole, and serves as a fantastic example for why we follow practices such as mandated crew rest for flight crews both before and after lengthy flights; lives are at stake. We as a society should take greater care to ensure that we do not only look at metrics like energy saving, which is primarily cost driven, but to take a look at human metrics which are just as valuable to our success such as job satisfaction, equal opportunity, and proper rest.

    Time and Date on EU leaving DST behind:
    https://www.timeanddate.com/time/europe/eu-dst.html

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