The Robot Revolution Will Be Worse For Men

from recode

The robots will someday take our jobs. But not all our jobs, and we don’t really know how many. Nor do we understand which jobs will be eliminated and which will be transitioned into what some say will be better, less tedious work.

What we do know is that automation and artificial intelligence will affect Americans unevenly, according to data from McKinsey and the 2016 US Census that was analyzed by the Brookings think tank

Young people — especially those in rural areas or who are underrepresented minorities — will have a greater likelihood of having their jobs replaced by automation. Meanwhile, older, more educated white people living in big cities are more likely to maintain their coveted positions, either because their jobs are irreplaceable or because they’re needed in new jobs alongside our robot overlords. 

The Brookings study also warns that automation will exacerbate existing social inequalities along certain geographic and demographic lines, because it will likely eliminate many lower- and middle-skill jobs considered stepping stones to more advanced careers. These jobs losses will be in concentrated in rural areas, particularly the swath of America between the coasts.

However, at least in the case of gender, it’s the men, for once, who will be getting the short end of the stick. Jobs traditionally held by men have a higher “average automation potential” than those held by women, meaning that a greater share of those tasks could be automated with current technology, according to Brookings. That’s because the occupations men are more likely to hold tend to be more manual and more easily replaced by machines and artificial intelligence.

The robots will someday take our jobs. But not all our jobs, and we don’t really know how many. Nor do we understand which jobs will be eliminated and which will be transitioned into what some say will be better, less tedious work.

What we do know is that automation and artificial intelligence will affect Americans unevenly, according to data from McKinsey and the 2016 US Census that was analyzed by the Brookings think tank

More here.

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28 Comments

  1. Space used to be the final frontier, the last of the unknown yet to be explored. Now, however we face another frontier that we need to explore, this exploration will be taking place right in our own backyards. This new frontier of ever-expanding technology and its implications to our society right now are only mere speculation. We can only guess what can happen next with the application of technology to the workforce. The article states that technology “can create new jobs, it can boost people’s incomes, but you have to make sure the mechanisms are in place for that growth to be inclusive.” What this means is we have an entire school of thought that the automation in the workforce that technology brings in positive side effects to the economy and lives of the people. If that technology can still make use of the people that will be laying off. Fei-Fei Li brought on a good point about how we can make this AI and how it can affect all of us, she states that the programs and AI are an extension of our humanity our thoughts and the implicit bias of the programmer. Is this becoming self-evident in how the automation of jobs effects minorities and other groups? Maybe not at a second glance, with the automation of jobs the minority group that stands to lose the most jobs are the Latinx group. Could this be some sort of racism from the men programming the robots that will take over? Again, it’s a no because the article heavily ways in on the fact that the “robot apocalypse” is going to affect men the most. How could it be that programs written by fellow man now interfere with men and their living. This can be attributed to the fact that men had always had to work the more manual jobs, and it’s those manual jobs that become easy to replace because it’s just a continuous action that a robot could do faster and more efficiently. Now comes another question raised, its not going to be how do we stop this? No, the real question is how do we soften the blow of automation? You cannot stop the natural progression of man; our future is set on automation and technology having more influence in our life whether we want it to or not. The article does cite some actions we can take to be able to adapt well enough to people losing their jobs, most government sectioned programs that will aid the workers and bring balance to the ever-changing world. Now where will the money come from for this operation? Like Martin Ford states in the article “Ultimately, it depends on the choices we make, what we do, how we can adapt.” I am sure that the more developed countries will do well in being able to form some sort of adaptation to technology, but how will developing countries fair in this new game of social Darwinism. Only time will tell as we continue to push forward and innovate. All this reminds me of the adaptation of “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory”, where Charlie’s dad loses his job putting caps on toothpaste to a machine that could do it faster and better. The father loses his job and bring his family closer to sever poverty. Towards the end however it shows the very same factory setting with Charlie’s dad fixing the machine. Maybe this provide us with another option to combat the robot overlords. Maybe we help everyone have access to a better education to give them jobs that cannot be so easily replaced with a robot.

  2. I cannot go by one week without hearing something about how technology and automation will take over jobs in the future. It is clearly something to worry about IN THE FUTURE. We are nowhere near the iRobot era where everything is automated, and humans do not play as much of a role in society. Present day still holds many opportunities for people to hold jobs in many of the occupations that were listed in the article. However, if there is one thing history has shown it is how people have advanced throughout the decades starting in 1760 when the industrial revolution began. During this time period people were industrializing to find ways to make production faster, which where the new machines and factories created to give people the opportunity to work and earn a living while producing an outstanding number of products in a shortened time frame. We are still industrializing present day, possibly up to the point where machines take over.
    Looking at the article, it was interesting to see food preparation and serving was most likely to automated by 81.1%. I assumed it would have been production, which was second on the list, or transportation which was fifth on the list. According to article food prep is the easiest to automate which will affect many future generations because many students might go into food prep or more common, serving. Personally, one of my first jobs was serving food and it was an easy way to make a couple extra bucks. Being taken over by automation will cause many employees to lose their jobs which people need to save money for school or other personal preferences. Production is also a job which employs many people, some who turned it into a career. Many of the jobs listed are careers such as transportation, construction, maintenance, etc. and losing their jobs due to automation will affect many lives, hurting not only the employee but the families they are trying to take care of. The article also states that those who are younger are more likely to have their jobs taken by automation. This will affect the society more so making those with college degrees more likely to keep their jobs and those without degrees are more likely to have their jobs automated.
    In conclusion, automation is taking over further progression of society making it more difficult to keep and continue working with a large variety of jobs. This will hurt not only the employee, but the families of that employee. This is obviously going to be a scary future to uphold but it took a while to industrialize to where we are now and I’m sure that at least in my lifetime I will be fine and not have to worry about automation taking over just yet.

  3. Automation of jobs is something that has been on the horizon of workplace for many years now. Although this should be something that excites us because that means less work for us, is it really something we want? In the article Mallo states, “A recent McKinsey report estimated that by 2030, up to one-third of work activities could be displaced by automation…” This is something that should terrify people. That means that within the next 11 years, it is likely that a third of the current job market will be employing robots. This also means that higher education is becoming more and more of a necessity because the lost jobs will be the low skill jobs that some people rely on to make a living. In the article it says, “Less education will more likely land a person in a more automatable job, while more education means more job options.” With this information and the chart under the ‘Education’ section, it is evident that being highly educated gives you a much higher chance of landing a job that can’t be automated (with current technology). However, higher education can not be the solution to the problem without some sort of change. Higher education is something that not everyone has access too for a plethora of reasons, money being the biggest issue. Due to this, I agree with the author that companies who lay off workers because of automation should have a responsibility to give them some sort of education. Whether it be career counseling or night classes at a community college, anything will help to prepare these people to find jobs completely unlike what they are used to doing, and hopefully one where they wont run into this same problem again. One interesting solution that the author mentioned was Some suggest a carbon tax could be a way to create billions of dollars in revenue for universal benefits or even universal basic income.” This idea, to me, is a great solution for multiple problems. It will help keep the carbon output of companies down because they don’t want to be heavily taxed, it also gives a substantial amount of money to start a universal benefits program, and finally it could even cause companies to go completely green in order to avoid the tax al together. With this solution we can take money from large bloated companies and create a system that will be beneficial to those in need.

  4. For most of my life, I’ve seen how technology has abilities that human’s don’t and vice a versa but this article stands out to me for obvious reasons. The title is “The Robot Revolution Will Be Worse for men” and as a man I was eager to read why. Robots taking over the human race is a common science fiction movie plot that audiences love. But that’s exactly what it is, science fiction. However, robots taking over the human job economy is not so far-fetched. I have seen first-hand an example of automation taking over the jobs of humans. A major story over the past year is the kiosk system at McDonalds that allows customers to order from a computer screen in the restaurant rather than ordering through an employee at the register. In my experience I have found this to be actually more reliable in getting my order correct. Human error is common in all jobs including McDonald’s employees who may type your order in wrong and you won’t get to see that until you receive your food. One may argue that the automation system cannot answer specific questions or give discounts that some employees may give, but there are still employees working there who would be happy to assist you in learning the new process. Additionally, these computers must be set up, calibrated, cleaned, and overseen, all of which are jobs that humans must occupy. Yes, the robot will be taking over the job of the register, but overall these automation systems are creating new jobs for skilled laborers.
    The charts in the article bring up valid arguments against using automated systems. It will mostly affect the less educated, minorities, younger people, and men. But the data provided is not as wide spread as people may think. The difference in employed people’s race in likeliness of automation taking their job only differs from 9% between the highest and lowest likely. Also the gender percentage is only a difference of 3% between men and women. As a man, the headline is misleading from the truth of what’s to come. And as of today, no one can be certain what the future will bring. I am not very worried and I do not believe many Americans should be worried.

  5. After reading this article I was able to gain a better understanding of this is topic regarding to the automation of jobs and two main points stuck out to me the most. The first being how the automation of jobs will have an effect on young people in rural areas or underrepresented minorities. Young people in rural areas would not have as much as an impact when it comes to doing the jobs on the farm. Most of the jobs that they would be doing could just be done by artificial intelligence that are created for the sole purpose of those jobs on the farm. Underrepresented minorities would not be able to get the opportunity to do certain jobs since there will be artificial intelligence doing those jobs therefore it will be even harder for them to find jobs that they need to take care of their families.
    The automation of jobs will definitely require our society to adjust and it will take a while I believe. Since there will be less jobs that normally requires people to do now there will be artificial intelligence doing these jobs and our society will have to adjust to it. Think of how our society had to adjust to the advancement of technology and how it changed how we live. People our now using technology to make things easier for example how we get our information. Before we had to go to libraries and had to use newspapers to get their daily news. Now people can buy online books which makes libraries less useful compared to before, also websites are now distributing news makes newspapers less prominent.
    The automation of jobs will change how our world operates and will require us as a society to adjust but is not the first time our society has had to do this. Just like how people had to adjust to the advancement of technology it will be the same for the automation of jobs.

  6. The robot revolution is a real threat we are facing within the next 15-20 years. These robots or automated workers could potentially wipe out millions of jobs for people in the U.S. Some people are more at risk than others though, people who work manufacturing or agricultural jobs stand at a higher risk because these jobs are seen as easily dispensable and easily replaceable. Another problem with this is where most of these jobs are located, most of the manufacturing/agricultural are located in the Southeast/Midwest region of the United States. If a majority of jobs are wiped out in certain regions it will ruin the entire economies of these places, not only this but the divide and unrest in these places will rise exponentially. When we look even further into these statistics we see that a majority of these jobs are worked by certain demographics of people. Latinos work almost 40% of these jobs and if we were to wipe out all their jobs think of the even bigger social, racial, and political divide we would face in this country if already wasn’t bad enough. The consequences of this would send riptides throughout the country, a potentially dangerous unemployment rate and even bigger divide between the upper and middle class. Regulation and policies will need to be made for these automated workers if we want to survive this uproar in technology.

  7. As always with advancements in technology, there are significant pros and cons to integrating these changes in our lives. Before reading this article, I presumed AI’s impact on men would impact their role in fertility and reproduction. While the title was slightly misleading, I’ve come to understand AI’s impact on jobs and an adaptation the future generations may face with this new technology. Specifically lower skilled jobs face elimination through development and integration of AI in our society. As lower skilled jobs are filled by robots and automated processes, newer jobs requiring higher levels of skill, training, and eventually education, are growing. As the demand for education grows with the demand for higher skilled jobs, I predict there to eventually be an imbalance of unemployed people due to their inability to attain higher skill sets. These people that do not expand on their skillsets will be forced into hardship in our society, blaming technology for the New Age they no longer fit into. These people with lower skills will also face major hardship and poverty, as the higher-lower class adds to a growing middle class. While many lower class jobs will be lost, the demand for middle class paying jobs will increase and expand the middle class: actually closing the divide, but making it that much harder for those deep in poverty. The negatives for innovation will always be acknowledged by the lives it worsens, but the economy and productivity face new limits that may be nearing limitless with our advances with technology.

  8. Artificial intelligence is the next step for mankind. No matter how people may argue, alter or even reject the idea in general, it is starting to become fact. More recently than ever, we are starting to see leaps and bounds on what can be done with artificial intelligence from things such as self-driving cars and automated assembly lines. However, these steps to broaden our horizons with A.I are coming at a risk to the population. Using A.I to replace a human worker is starting to become a reality, and for some a frightening one. While reading this article, it stuck out to me that things such as food production had such a high rate of being automated, while business and financial operations are among the lowest. Out of curiosity, I looked at my home town to see how many jobs can be automated. In Chester County, Pennsylvania, “average share of tasks that could be automated: 43.3%”. While this is alarming, seeing how many jobs can be replaced with non-human effort is astonishing. Artificial intelligence is going to take the place of humans in the workforce at some point in the future. While no one knows exactly when or how this is going to take place, the evidence that is indeed happening at this very moment is right in front of us. We made these machines and advances in technology to help the greater good of mankind. While it is apparent that it does in fact help, we have been faced with the dilemma of how far exactly we want to take artificial intelligence. We can keep developing to see where it does take us. But, this is also at the risk of wiping out a large majority of our densely populated workforce. If A.I does in fact replace humans. No one exactly knows what to do next. Many things surrounding this issue are unknown and being discovered in this time in history. We are part of a generation that will either see humanity find new ways of supporting ourselves, or we will be able to find new ways to integrate humans and AI in the workforce.

  9. Honestly it is somewhat inevitable that robots will someday take the roles of human workers in the near future. This is something that raises a high level of stress because what will humans do to attain wealth if robots are cheaper and more efficient to use. In the article Mallo says, ” A recent McKinsey report estimated that by 2030, up to one-third of work activities could be displaced by automation..” Such a statement is so bizzare because it is only a year from 2020 meaning its 11 years from 2030. Which is so close. With the worldly human population exponentially increasing I wonder how this will play out. If robots are replacing human jobs and more humans are being created every second, how are they supposes to harmoniously coexist?
    Something else that interest me is how this will affect human education. As of right now a higher education, education beyond highschool, will land one a better job. Are robots also going to take the jobs that require a higher education due to the fact that they dont need the education to obtain and use the same knowledge. in the reading it does state that, “Less education will more likely land a person in a more automatable job, while more education means more job options.” The way I see it is that the price to go to college will just get even more expensive as time passes. So how can one in the future go to college if they cant even a land a job to pay off the student loans because the average college student jobs are now automated?

  10. I believe this is a very relevant topic to discuss due to the ongoing evolution of technology as a whole. My major point being that since the general public already recognizes this as a legitimate issue where a solution can be put in place before its effects do too much damage. I have to disagree with the second comment made by Peter where we should not worry about something that is in the future. Yes the full effects of this situation may not come even in the next generations time, but putting a solution in place beforehand is a much better choice than waiting for the problem to occur in my opinion.
    I find it interesting with the areas of demographic that will be affected while reading over the graphs that are provided. I would however like to argue that food prep and serving will be the largest portion affected by automation. I personally would rather have something that I am about to digest be something that was prepared by hand over an automated machine. I do understand that certain areas like schools, fast food, and other areas where time is vital will be drastically altered once this movement takes full swing. I am not surprised to see that the farming industry will be heavily affected. Machinery is half the process in gathering crops this day and age. The only thing restricting this has been that humans are still operating them. By the year of 2030, as mentioned in the article, I would expect a large portion of the farming industry to have been impacted by this change.Although, there could possibly still be the same amount of people working in the farming industry within the coming years. My intent in that statement is that maintenance will still likely be a major factor in keeping these automated machines running at full capacity. I would expect that it would just take simple classes to learn the general procedures to care for these machines. This idea of teaching the affected demographics is presented and in my opinion the most justifiable one. Of course it is hard to accept change in the aspect of one’s life, but providing the necessary resources to combat this change seems to be the best approach. This solution also can enable the affected people to stay in the environments they currently occupy if they so wish to. It is always important to provide a solution to a problem that exists now, or in the future, than to acknowledge said problem and do nothing about it.
    From an economic standpoint I am curious if the gain will be greater than the loss from the entire spectrum. Yes when one company decides to cut corners to reduce costs it is only affecting a sliver of the population. This slivers not nearly enough to create national impact. Now the ongoing change of automation will surely be more than a mere sliver. I do not claim to be an expert in this area of discussion but, I see it still as an area that may need further research when the data is available.

  11. Human beings have always looked for ways to find new ways to become more productive. Going back to the stone age with cheating tools to help with farming, to the first industrial revolution, and to the age of assembly line in the auto industry. Artificial intelligence is just the next step in the evolution of humanity becoming efficient in our industries. Industries will keep looking for ways to become as efficient as possible with little to no thought of the working class that it will effect. No matter how people want to look at the current situation the goes with the artificial intelligence. The age is coming in the next decade where humanity has to adapt and prepare for the inevitable of jobs being stolen.
    With the age of artificial intelligence looming around the corner for much of the world, including the United States, many will have to adapt by looking for new fields or to grow in their current fields. If growing in their fields is not an option, then growing to get away from the jobs that intelligence has the ability to take. The Federal Government has to see this situation ahead of the impending inevitability that will eventually come to anywhere from 3 million to 80 million Americans from losing their jobs(Rani Molla). With that many jobs being lost, the situation could cause another Great Depression. Noticing the situation before hand and protecting the mass of people regardless of gender or race has to be their utmost urgent matter.
    This situation runs an ethical problem for companies that will impact many homes and livelihoods. When the time comes for the new age of industries to advance their technology and upgrade to the A.I. of tomorrow. Some companies will look at the advantage of getting to fire workers and save money from having to pay them. Others will look at it as a blessing as they will need to cut costs as a way to deal with the rising minimum wage. However, there will be companies that choose to keep going forward and want to keep their workers employed even if it means not using the technology that will be available at their disposable. One example of this is Nike. After working with that company for years, I have learned that even if companies have the ability to cut costs they will not. A company like Nike does not have to offer benefits to all of its employees, or paid time off even for those that are part time level. However, ethically they choose to help others by using their good fortune. Once the time comes for business to make their choices, their ethical view will come out.
    Currently in the State of New Jersey, the new age of intelligence has already started to hit one of the most iconic stores you will find in the state, Wawa. When driving through the state of New Jersey you see the red and yellow signs scattered around towns and cities. In these iconic food and gas stations, you can order food as if you were in a seven eleven, or a fast food restaurant. However, you will never see someone asking you for your order, it will just be a computer that can do the same thing. Turning the simple job of someone taking an order to a computer is showing that companies with start to look for ways to save money and get humans out of their buildings.
    New Jersey is one of the states that is already trying to find ways to create jobs that might not be needed but is forcing companies to keep them. It is illegal for someone to pump their own gas in the state of New Jersey. Some people look at this and believe that it is worthless as why do you need someone to pump your gas. However, this creates thousands of jobs in the state. In any other state you drive through you will have to get out of your own car and pump your own gas. With gas stations being in plethora in every town across the state. Jobs that would be considered out of date and useless with technology can be kept for those at a intern level for those younger.
    Having the Federal Government force businesses to keep jobs on their payroll that they could get rid of to keep the job market open for entry level jobs is a dangerous level for them to be in. Without having the government stepping in to help the public with protection of their jobs, or protecting the jobs that are not created yet. Without the protection of these jobs, many areas could be affected with crime and poverty.

  12. Looking back at old movies and books humans new this day would come. With technology booming every day with better, more innovative technology, humans have the potential to get left behind which is a very scary feeling. I think as time passes, specialized skills become more and more useful with people earning higher degrees. As time went by over the years, we saw the push for higher education, and I think this is just an effect of it. An abundance of entry level jobs and manual labor jobs will vanish due to the cost efficiency of automation and having to pay less workers. Most of the jobs that will become automated are very repetitive, so it is fairly simple to program a machine to do it twice as quick, in half the time, at a quarter of the cost. When looking at the jobs with the highest risks to become automated I was not surprised to see that food preparation and serving has 81.1% of tasks that can be automated, as it does not require much critical thinking. I think with new technology also comes new jobs. I have no doubt that a lot of current jobs will be lost due to companies automating their industry, but I think there will also be new jobs that we don’t have a use for yet. With the first industrial revolution came hundred of new jobs they didn’t know about, because they didn’t have the technology.
    When looking at the five solutions to help with automation, it sounds like not be a problem for our jobs. I think if our government is proactive instead of reactive it will not be a problem for most workers. I think the most useful solution they gave would be to create a universal adjustment benefit to laid-off workers. If a community member lost their job to automation and could go, get counseling and training in new skills it would keep our economy booming with low unemployment. Another safety net the government could deploy to stay proactive is to pay special attention to the communities hardest hit. They mentioned giving specialized grants to communities hit hardest which would greatly benefit those affected most.

  13. As an Information Systems major with a minor in Business Analytics, I was immediately drawn to this article. The topic of automation is a hot topic now has been discussed several times in the courses that I have taken in college. When it was discussed, I was told that because of the increases in technology and automation, there would be a demand for more jobs in my field. With increases in technology, comes increases in big data, which is where someone in my field would play a role. In this article however, I was surprised to see that “Computer & Mathematical” jobs are 37.1% more likely to be automated. I assumed that since these jobs require more critical thinking and analysis that the number would be much lower.
    One thing that stood out to me in this article was that the increases in automation would bring increases in race inequality. I understand how it would impact people with a lower level of education, but why would race be a factor? I feel as though that was not answered in this article. In the article it said “more educated white people living in big cities” would be more likely to keep their jobs. Why is that? Why not just people with a higher education living in big cities?
    Overall, this article opened my eyes and made me, not only want to obtain my Bachelor’s degree, but continue my education after that as well and get my Master’s degree, which I was not sure if I wanted to do before. Someone with a Bachelor’s degree is 31% more likely to have their job automated, and someone with a Master’s degree is 25% more likely. Although this isn’t a HUGE difference, I would still want to lower the chance of that happening. After reading this, I hope that a lot of people feel the same and push towards a higher education.
    I think that is also important for all people, no matter what occupation, to gain more knowledge in the technology field. Pretty soon, most jobs will be technology-based or deal with some type of technology and we are going to have to be ready for it and deal with it head on!

  14. Living in a society today that seems to be male-dominated, the workforce is now experiencing a shift in businesses, where men will seem to start to lose advantages, rather than women. In the age of emerging feminism, this news may seem as something that has been long waited for; however, as men begin to lose their jobs to robots, what does the future look like? This article not only addresses technological problems, but also looks at social problems created in the work force. As machines and technology begin to move into the workforce, the study mention where in 2030 that says up to one third of work will be replaced by automation, it seems to become more realistic, not only affecting men, but also women. As there is a push for women to move into jobs that traditionally men take, women will start to see an affect on them as well. So does this mean innovation is a bad thing when it comes to looking at our future economy? I don’t believe so seeing as though in order to succeed in this economy, companies are now using technology as a survival mechanism, rather than just something to use in their own professions. Reading through the article, it mentions that the types of jobs that will be affected most are the ones that have to deal with food prep and manufacturing. Now, it seems scary to think that 81.1% of jobs will be replaced by machines, but what does this mean for those in the jobs? This means that a lot of people will become unemployed. As the unemployment rates begin to rise, states will need to provide some sort of compensation for these jobs lost through unemployment compensation funds. These funds will carry those through as they try and find new work; however, the experience from these types of jobs won’t fit the job requirements of those, for example from the article, as older white men. On one hand, it will cause the economy to plummet because the unemployment rate will rise, meaning those out of a job with need to reallocate their own strengths in resources into new professions, but is there a more positive side to this? The answer is yes- in a sense that we live in a capitalistic society, this will create more competition, and more drive for people to succeed. By learning new skills, these people can finally have jobs that make more money on average, which in return, puts more money back into the economy.

    Looking at both sides to this argument, it is evident that men will be those that will greatly suffer the most from this new drive towards innovation. So how do we fix this? When looking through the solutions that the article poses, I found one of the most interesting is the idea of increased investment in technology, automation and AI. Although this is the root cause for things such as a higher unemployment rate, by investing in new technologies, can in a way improve living and jobs outside of those that were taken away. By investing in “innovation” it causes people to see a change in the “American dream”. The American dream used to be working a in job such as manufacturing and slowly making your way to the top, but if technology innovation already places us at the top of our game, the only way to move is to go up. This means higher income, more spending and investing in the economy, and more money that will go into specific areas that will be hit the most. Overall, this article is just a prediction; however, it is calling attention to a society that will be more based on capitalism in our society, which promotes our economy as a whole.

  15. I think as a society we do not do a good enough job of anticipating the negative aspects of the immense technological achievements that are taking place. Of course this article brings to light the employment challenges created by the automation of most occupations, but the current political landscape makes little mention of such a circumstance. For example, our president Donald Trump routinely brags about bringing jobs from different industries back to America, without mention of how this is to happen or if the possibility even exists. But in an automated world, will some of those jobs ever come back? For example, a company like GM is looking to minimize labor costs, considering their product (automobiles) are reliant mostly upon automated machinery to be constructed. As a society we are being sold dreams that will never come to fruition and it should be our politicians who inform the general public about these issues, not just news media that only acquires a certain viewership. Our economy is certainly headed for some sort of recession due to the mass loss of employment because of automation, but I believe that some time in the further future there will be a plateau between production and human satisfaction in society. The point of robotic advancement is to aid humans in a plethora of different tasks, and I believe that Artificial Intelligence and Robots will soon be able to erase the need to work and will create an efficient society on their own. Thus, economies will cease to exist, and humans will be able to live freely and without worry as most of their needs will be taken care of by automated systems. From that point forward, human thinking will shift towards expanding in the universe around us, and those technological advancements that helped to create a needless society will propel us out into space and interplanetary colonization. What I am saying is not to be taken as an overreaction or difference in thought to what the article intended. In fact, I believe that the article was correct in showing the disadvantages in the employment market because of technology. However, I am thinking far into the future, and looking at the reason why we make these technological advancements. They are all created to aid human civilization, and although there will be downfalls to such changes in society, I believe they will even out to serve humanity.

  16. It seems as if every time I look at a news source, I am seeing some form of what is being said in this article: machines and technology are going to take over millions of jobs all over the world. Every time I see some form of this headline, I never know how to react. On one hand, it is great to see the advancement of technology, but on the other I have to wonder how much this will negatively affect my future career. For me, watching technology advance and grow has been one of the most incredibly marvels even during my short life. As I take to my grandparents, it baffles to me hear them talk about times when they did not have eighty-inch TVs and iPhones. Even beyond that, only in the past decade, think about how much technology has really innovated and changed. Although, this article poses a question that seems to be being asked all over the world: will the advancement of technology eventually begin to take a negative turn? It many ways it already has. Whether it is more cases of social anxiety, depression, or the negative effect that easily-accessible internet has had on the youth, many are beginning to examine the effectiveness of a society ridden with technology. Personally, I have found that the positive sides of the technology easily outweigh any negative aspects about it that may be posed. Although, we have to begin thinking about how technology will change the climate of the work force in the next century. It is no secret that there will be large progression, but it is what will happen and how it will happen which many are beginning to worry about it. It can be quite scary to think about how the employment world has become more and more competitive all over the world and by adding machines and new technology in, it may be even harder for many to get a job especially at a low level. At this point there is not much I can do to prepare for a world that is filled with machines doing the jobs of people, but the best hope anyone have is to strive to be the ones who are engineering and programming these machines rather than having their jobs taken by them.

  17. It is a scary thought to think that the human brain might not for much longer be Earth’s foremost intelligence. Since the beginning of time, there was a job to do, and a man or woman who performed it. However, society, especially the male population must now ready themselves for the next big wave of technology; Artificial Intelligence. AI is currently touching upon the essence of human life and capabilities for the first time in the history of mankind. However, there is currently widespread anxiety about AI and significant fears of what is to come. This upcoming era could improve the lives of many people. Yet amid AI possible benefits, there is fear that automation and AI will take jobs and throw millions of people into poverty. Unfortunately, AI is coming for our jobs—but not all of our jobs. They’re coming, for a certain kind of work. In this article, studies show what jobs are likely to be influenced or harmed by future automation. In fact, age, gender, race, education and occupation plays a significant role on the likelihood of being replaced by a machine. The charts in the article shows that automation and AI will mostly affect the less educated, minorities, younger people, and men. The majority of jobs that have been displaced or that are at risk for being displaced are process-driven jobs. These are positions that can easily be automated, such as food preparation and serving, production, customer service and transportation. Robots and AI can simply do these types of jobs faster and more efficiently than humans. However, AI cannot do all types of jobs faster and more efficiently. The charts in the article also shows many jobs that are less likely to affected because majority of jobs require personal or creative touch in which AI cannot simply do. In order to be on the safe side, education is very important. In the article it says, “Less education will more likely land a person in a more automatable job, while more education means more job options.” In other words, being highly educated will place you in a field of work that can’t be automated. In my opinion, I agree because jobs that are less likely to be affected, AI can make them easier, but not replace it.

    In addition, automation technologies are already impacting many different aspects of the restaurant industry, and it is anticipated that they will put pressures on job availabilities for the food system workers. In the article, the graph displayed shows the likelihood of jobs getting automated in which are within the “Food Preparation and Serving” category at the top with 81.1%. I agree with this statistic because many fast food restaurants are getting ready for this upcoming revolution. For example, McDonalds commitment to technology such as Digital menus and Kiosks! This shows that automation has been concentrated on making work easier and reducing the need for employing many people. Also, it is important to keep in mind that automated machines have no sick leave, no vacations, no employee turnover or no employee dissatisfaction. This is exactly what many companies want this world to consist of, far fewer errors than what humans constantly commit! Indeed, the articles also shows potential solutions that should be placed to reduce the impact of labor displacement from automation such as introducing portable benefit programs and education programs for re-skilling workers who will lose their jobs.

    In essence, Artificial intelligence possibly could be the start of a new era and will be superior to human workers in the long run in almost every aspect. For this reason, in order to have a productive future, humans and robots need to work alongside each other. AI and robots are the inevitable future. They will play a role in everyone’s future jobs, whether that means they make it easier or replace it. They may get rid of certain jobs but provide new ones where displaced workers will rarely qualify for them. We will never know until the time is here. Therefore, society as whole needs to understand the importance of education, it can possible save you from losing your job position. Afterall, this new era is soon to come and while fears of artificial intelligence and robots persist; none have in fact risen up and challenged human supremacy. On the other hand, not all fear a robotic uprising. Many people welcome machine intelligence and see it as wonderful opportunity to create a new life. Personally, I think that new technology will cause disruption and open new opportunities and I am certainly not prepared. I am excited yet nervous to see how the world will operate with AI and machines outstripping human intelligence.

  18. It is true that in this day in age automation have taken over many aspects within society and a person’s life. When you go to call customer service no matter the time of day or who you are trying to call, I can guarantee that the first voice you hear is not a human being. Instead, you proceed to dial the number and the first voice that usually pops up is a robot telling you to select a number from the given list. After selecting, your call will be transferred most likely to another automated voice recording. The customer service industry has been hit hard with automation when it comes to jobs in the workplace and it shows no sign of stopping just there.
    It is predicted that in the future the top three occupations that will be replaced by machines includes food preparation and serving, production, and office and administrative support, respectively. For example, with food preparation and serving, automation has already been introduced within this category with the help of well-known cruise lines. Guests 21 and over all aboard the Royal Caribbean’s Anthem of the Seas can now order their favorite beverage and a robot bartender will make the drink. While it is intriguing to have a robot make your drink, it comes with a lot of downsides. The robot, as opposed to a human bartender, takes longer to make a drink, making the guest wait even longer. The biggest downside to these new bionic bartenders is that they kick the human race out of jobs. However, owners of these cruise ships and restaurants world-wide see no issue with the robots and are now utilizing them to their fullest capacity.
    On the flip side, the top three jobs that are less likely to be overtaken by robots include: business and financial operations, education, training, and library, and architecture and engineering, respectively. I do agree that these occupations will be less harder to automate because of the critical thinking degree encompassed within humans. Because of occupation, education level, gender, age, race, and location, I do agree with the author that robots are hurting everyone’s definition of the so called “American dream”. If robots take over their occupation, wage level will go down and they cannot provide for themselves and their family.
    Another point the author makes in the article is that the employer should provide their employees with some form of education. If the employer decides to replace humans with robots, different jobs will be created within the workplace, for example, making sure the robot is working properly. Since new jobs will be created, employers should not just lay the employee off; they should offer free education to them to obtain a different type of degree. This theory makes more sense with jobs that require a maximum of either high school or some college education because jobs requiring those two education levels are at the most risk of being automated. Because of this, I do believe that good can come of out automation. While humans may not make up a traditional job force in the future, I do believe that newer and higher paying jobs will be introduced.

  19. Having robots take over our jobs is honestly such a scary thought to have in mind. Everyone complains about work sometimes and do not feel like going into work, but we all know that our lives might be a tad bit miserable without them. The article states that men will be affected more than women because the robots will be taking more of their jobs and will be able to do a mans job. I think it would actually be pretty interesting to see what would be the next move for men once robots take over their job. I personally think they might be a tad bit miserable but will try to find a way around it. I do not think anyone wants robots to take over the work force because it will leave most of us stranded and it will leave us doing nothing. Another question is, “How will individuals be able to provide for their families and maintain a home?” This is a very important question because with robots taking over jobs, what money will be coming in to feed everyone and even keep up with all the house bills. Unless the government has a bright plan for this, I do not think robots taking over the work force is acceptable.

  20. I agree with this article that one day in the future robots will take our jobs and limit us. For humans, we will have certain jobs that will always be ours. But there will most likely be some jobs that the robots will do better than us and at a much quicker pace. I believe this the future with robots can’t be avoided and there really isn’t anything we can do. Technology is getting better and robots will be programmed to be smarter, work quicker, and produce better than humans. I am not sure when this take over will take place so i’m not worried about it now, but this situation cannot be avoided in the future when it occurs. But in the present world now, humans have nothing to worry about and we have to just continue to work with what we got and get the job done. Men mainly work in manufacturing companies and we expect that the robots will end up taking those jobs away from men. The robot revolution can and will take away jobs from many workers and can disrupt places that only offer manufacture work. In certain regions and places there are jobs designed just for the specific task and if the robot revolution comes to that region, many workers will be stuck with no job and nowhere else to do. The unemployment rate will skyrocket and these workers will not know what to do, which is terrible for the people. As a business I understand why companies will turn towards the future of robots being able to do the same amount of work as the people can. Robots will most likely be more productive, quicker, and not require breaks like humans do. The robot revolution sucks for humans but it’s going to pay off for companies and businesses.

  21. The topic of this article is very relevant and interesting. the affect of electronics to our society is something that is going to benefit society greatly or slowly deteriorate it. I personally am someone who thinks that anything with the ability to change society to this caliber has a lot of pros but can also bring cons along with it. i like how the author pointed out that there are some fields out there that no matter what need humans to achieve such as teachers and analysts. I actually disagree with the authors stance on what gender will lose their jobs to robots. I understand the reasoning behind the statement but, in the end, it all boils down to field and industry, not gender. Robots can accomplish some tasks faster and more efficiently than a human may be able to, but there are certain tasks that a robot just cant do, such as be a teacher or analyst and that shows that there will always be jobs for humans and not everything will be turned over to technology.

  22. As time has progressed, individuals have seen so much integration of technology into their everyday lives that they have started to depend on it, to put their trust in it. Think – when was the last time you left your house without your phone in your pocket? That same phone that makes calls, performs texts messages, surfs the internet, and acts as a wallet. Whether individuals choose to acknowledge it or not, technology has truly captivated their lives and has had an immense impact on how they interact with others and the world around them. However, it has reached a time where technology is not only going to affect the social aspects of one’s life, but also the professional one.

    Automation. It has been speculated for quite some time now as to how the job market will look for workers once the integration of automation becomes mainstream. Some reports indicate that many are out of luck. For example, in a McKinsey report, it was estimated that by the year 2030, one-third of “work activities” will be disrupted and replaced by automation, leaving a significant number of the population without employment. Not only is this alarming in the sense of how many jobs it is going to take up, but one also has to consider what these individuals who lost their jobs are going to do. In the article, it is indicated that the individuals whose jobs will be replaced the most are those with the lowest levels of education. If those individuals’ jobs are taken up, then how are they meant to support themselves in the future?

    The Brookings think tank, an American research group in Washington, D.C., proposes various solutions to the job displacement issue that is mentioned in this article. One of these solutions proposes creating an adjustment program for those whose jobs have been displaced by automation. The program would include career counseling, training in newly coveted skills in the market, and even provide monetary support to individuals until they find a new job. To me, this sounds like an amazing concept, but is rather unrealistic. Thinking of the United States, where are the funds for these free services coming from? Are we just adding to our 22 trillion USD national debt? It really is a tough situation with so many people getting laid off and being short of a job. You can’t completely forget about them, but at the same time – there’s the dilemma of where we should be investing more of our time and resources. Schools? Younger individuals that are the future of the job market? There should be only a certain extent to which people can rely on the government – after a certain period of time, it is time that they start to “think different” and find ways to support themselves in a newly automated world.

    Something else that the Brookings think tank suggests seems really counterintuitive, and it even states that in the Recode article – invest more into artificial intelligence and automation. Despite, seeing the negative impacts in terms of job displacement, this group suggest that investing more into these types of technologies will help better one’s life and employment outside of automation in the future. The group thinks that as a country, our productivity is lagging and that the boost we need comes from new technology. Again, however, I’m going to have to disagree. If I woke up one day to my job being taken over by a robot, I’m going to do everything in my ability to learn and become more aware of the skills that are needed in the new workforce. I can’t say the same for everybody else – everyone reacts differently to different situations. While some may be motivated to get back up, others may be inclined to be discouraged at the fact that a robot took their job. It is individuals like that have very little social mobility and negative productivity. Because of this, I don’t really think that investing more resources into tools that steal real people’s jobs is going to result in an increase in productivity.

  23. Over the past few decades, technology has been constantly advancing and recently at a faster pace. Technology has facilitated our lives, and will continue to make huge impacts in society. In particular, artificial intelligent robots have been making progress, and could eventually take over labor intensive jobs due to the cost of a robot compared to a human employee being far less cheap, they are also more precise, and efficient for a business. For example, if I am a business owner who pays factory workers $18 an hour, but am offered robots who will be a one-time fee, then just maintenance for the rest of the robot’s useful life. I will not hesitate to replace all those workers with faster, cheaper, and more precise workers, such as these robots. Robots do not require a lot of expenses compared to a human worker, and also could possibly work around the clock without stopping. Although, I was still astonished to read that 3 to 80 million people in the US will potentially lose their job due to automation. As a result of the amount of unemployment, we could potentially see wage stagnation and a growth of low-wage jobs. The government will have to intervene if they care enough for the well-being of the people of this country.
    The author offers a couple of solutions to the unemployment issue caused by automation. In one solution, the author suggests that there be a universal adjustment benefit to laid-off workers. For instance, this program will involve giving career counseling, training in new relevant skills, and giving workers financial support while they try to find a new job. This sounds like a great solution, but how will the government fund these programs for millions of people? Another solution would be portable benefits programs. If these unemployed workers had access to employment benefits, this could ease off the stress they will be experiencing from trying to find another job. Although, an issue similar to the last solution will be finding a way to fund this programs. Robots taking over jobs will be a tough situation, but the real problem lies with how fast this country can adapt to that change. With the way politics are today, it would appear that if this were to happen tomorrow, the government will delay any change with all the opposing views on everything in today’s political world, which will be a problem for humanity.
    I am a huge fan of technology and I believe robots taking over jobs will have a positive outcome for humanity, but we must not ignore the unemployment issue which will arise as a result. Government should be planning for this situation right now before it is too late. Who knows what these unemployed workers will do as a repercussion of the government being unprepared for this shift. Or even worst, what would we personally do if our jobs got automated?

  24. Based off the article, it is clear to see that there are benefits and downsides to automation taking prominence in the working industry. While automated jobs will be completed more efficiently and quicker at a lower cost of the employer, which then benefits the customer in terms of satisfaction and ease, it also holds several points of concern. For starters, what happens to all of the workers? A large amount of job will be heavily affected if not eradicated completely. This obviously can create a massive jump in unemployment in jobs that already were not paying workers wages that can be lived off of comfortably. Fast food restaurants, factory lines, etc. are all susceptible to being fully automated by circa 2030, needing little to no human interference to keep things running. I like the solutions in which the article posed for the issue. Taxing income instead of labor is a good start, considering there will not be much labor following automation, since machines will do it for us. The article also poses the idea of enrolling a carbon tax, a tax on carbon emissions from power plants and other polluters, to fund benefits to people laid off. While this may seem like a good idea, this can also lead to higher prices of goods in a world where many people will be laid off, may complicate things. The article also entertains the idea of maintaining a full employment economy, meaning to have all inclusive jobs through subsidized employment companies to promote job growth. This is another great idea. All in all, the automated revolution is coming regardless whether or not we like it, and while there are drawbacks, it is possible to maintain a sustainable society even with automated jobs.

  25. Technology is becoming more and more advanced every day and it has affecting many individual’s jobs one invention at a time. From cashiers at local grocery stores to phone operators, jobs are becoming automated by the day. Soon self-driving cars will be an issue for Uber and Lyft drivers. The article highlights the idea that the robot revolution will be worse for men because they “tend to over-index in production, transportation, and construction jobs — all occupational groups that have tasks with above-average automation exposure” (Molla). Most of these jobs that are male dominated are easier to replace. On the other hand, women have more jobs that require human interaction such as teachers or nurses, therefore they wouldn’t be as affected by the robot revolution. Artificial intelligence is intended to make our lives easier by having these robots take on difficult jobs but that in turn could potentially lead to people being jobless.
    The article also mentioned that younger people would “be employed in an occupation that’s in a higher risk of automation” (Molla). This will happen because the younger individuals won’t have as high of a degree versus older people that already do. The jobs that require less skill will be filled in by robots, so everyone will need to get a quality education to get jobs that require higher skills. Personally, this is a very scary outcome to think about and there’s nothing that we can do to stop technology from taking over. It’s already starting to happen, and it will continue. It’s sad because not everyone can afford to get a good education or to further their education so what will happen to those that can’t get a job? There are a lot of things to consider before overriding these jobs with robots, even if it would make it easier for us.

    Molla, Rani. “Who Will Be Most Screwed by Automation? It Depends.” Vox, Vox, 28 Jan. 2019, http://www.vox.com/2019/1/28/18185061/robot-automation-jobs-employment-revolution-worse-men-brookings.

  26. It is interesting to read those demographics will determine who is most likely to be hurt by automation becoming more prevalent in our modern world. As a minority, reading this article worries me that one day myself or my children have a higher likelihood of being displaced by automated machinery. Besides reporting the statistics, this article from Vox does not really provide any other reasoning beyond that this is what was reported. It is also interesting to me that on average, a man is more likely employed in a job that will have a higher likelihood of becoming automated.

    With the introduction to AI in the workplace, there are some positives. It has the potential to reduce human error and bias, projects could be managed much more effectively, and ultimately that could increase productivity for companies. However, is it ethical for companies to entirely replace their staff with AI? I believe that it isn’t ethical to replace their staff with AI. On one hand, if it is a client-facing company, there is the issue that consumers may feel that there is a loss of personal connection between the brand and themselves. This may make it harder for consumers to personally identify with a brand, which is important to the brand image for many products on the market. The article suggests that a possible solution would be to increase investment in AI, automation, and related technologies. This could help speed up the timing of the inevitable. However, I disagree that this article is calling this a solution. If the inevitable is going to happen it is best to let companies slowly adapt and retrain or place their current human capital into other positions.

  27. In contemporary society, AI may destroy jobs at a faster rate than they are created. Individuals who are not prepared for this would face the nightmares of unemployment, and because jobs are destroyed at a much faster rate, opportunities for many will also decrease. A suffering economy will then become the aftermath, and humans will endure future hardships. Even jobs such as the accounting profession, which should preferably be done by humans, has now started implementing AI in various ways that can hinder the need for many employees. Jobs were destroyed in the past, are currently being destroyed, and will continue to be destroyed in the future. If no actions are taken to better incorporate AI with humans, the same tendencies will go on, thus the human race will without a doubt become worse than was it previously was.

    Contrary to the adverse effects, utilizing AI can be very beneficial to humans. According to Keith Kirkpatrick’s article, “AI in Contact Centers: Artificial Intelligence Technologies Are Being Deployed to Improve the Customer Service Experience”, AI can be effectively used in contact centers to translate languages in real time, over the phone through “natural language processing”. This allows for an individual to speak one language over the phone, and in that same instance, the person on the other end hears it in their own language. This brilliant use of AI is both time efficient and cost saving. It grants a customer with quick and adequate service without having to be transferred over to someone else. In the long run, a company will develop a more productive human resource department, which would in return lead to customer satisfaction and brand loyalty. Customers will also be a lot less frustrated when dealing with customer service over the phone. Additionally, AI does take over jobs that humans perform. However, it may actually be for the better. Humans can make critical mistakes that systems like artificial intelligence may not. This can evidently decrease the room for error and can possibly eliminate human error in flying, revealing how AI performs certain jobs better than humans. Artificial intelligence can make the human race worse off, but its hidden potential for benefits will never be realized unless risks to further incorporate AI with humans are taken.

  28. As I have grown older, I have heard people here and there say “robots are going to take over one day” and I always have taken it comically and not thought much about it. Now that I have been studying business in college for over two years, I am slowly hearing more about robots and automation. Being a Global Supply Chain Management Major, I learn a lot about warehouses and manufacturing plants. These are places where automation is in almost every warehouse and plant and the amount is only increasing. Companies are realizing that a machine can do the job of a worker and a machine does not need breaks or compensation. The wave of automation is taking over male jobs at a higher rate. Male jobs statistically are more geared towards manual tasks and this is easy to automate. This article mentions a projection that predicts that one-third of jobs could be completely taken over by automation and robots. This is a crazy fact to think about and then one poses the question of what will happen to all the people who got their jobs taken by automation. I also believe that while jobs are being taken by automation, new jobs will be formed because there will be new responsibility with all the automation being introduced.
    With a current high rate in unemployment, this wave of automation coming in could be bad news. We already have a vast amount of people who were put out of work due to COVID 19, so this could be detrimental to the job market. There are also certain industries that will be ramping up automation far more than other industries. I would be fearful if I was a worker in one of the industries that are the most at risk. It is very scary to know that robots are on their way to take your job and that robots can be very precise and will not need breaks as humans would. The incoming automation also is targeting certain demographics concerning age, race, and gender. Certain locations in the country are also vulnerable to the automation wave that is incoming. This wave should also spark concern for lawmakers and policymakers to make laws to protect workers who could be negatively affected by this wave. I believe that it would not be fair to have a large number of people becoming unemployed because of an automation wave. If robots due end up taking over the job market, I believe that we are going to be able to take it in stride and not have a grand spike in unemployment.

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