‘Big Brother’ in India Requires Fingerprint Scans for Food, Phones and Finances

from NYTs

Seeking to build an identification system of unprecedented scope, India is scanning the fingerprints, eyes and faces of its 1.3 billion residents and connecting the data to everything from welfare benefits to mobile phones.

Civil libertarians are horrified, viewing the program, called Aadhaar, as Orwell’s Big Brother brought to life. To the government, it’s more like “big brother,” a term of endearment used by many Indians to address a stranger when asking for help.

For other countries, the technology could provide a model for how to track their residents. And for India’s top court, the ID system presents unique legal issues that will define what the constitutional right to privacy means in the digital age.

To Adita Jha, Aadhaar was simply a hassle. The 30-year-old environmental consultant in Delhi waited in line three times to sit in front of a computer that photographed her face, captured her fingerprints and snapped images of her irises. Three times, the data failed to upload. The fourth attempt finally worked, and she has now been added to the 1.1 billion Indians already included in the program.

More here.

Posted in Law, Privacy and tagged , , , , .


  1. While I understand that there is value in keeping a bio metric database for many reasons. I do not believe a government should be allowed access to this information and know about any individual of this depth. India is currently making this registration mandatory to receive food and healthcare and have registered over 1.1 billion people living in India.
    Regardless of however great a bio metric system may be I will not allow someone to take this information about me and store it in a database to add to my “big brother profile”. 50 years ago if you were to mention this to any U.S citizen they would have immediately laughed at you. If you tried to enforce it, there would have been a movement. More and more people are allowing governments access to very personal information about themselves because they are so used to putting their personal information on social media websites and mobile applications anyway. Without reading the terms and conditions of anything, I feel that there are a lot pf people believe that people in government are good and are always looking out for their best interest. That in today’s world people won’t misuse their information. This is not true at all. The majority of India is poor and provides little to no education. They have no idea the dangers of this technology because they don’t know what it is. And even for citizens in India that do understand the technology, they are being forced to register anyway or else they’ll lose access to resources vital to survive. In the U.S this sort of registration will never happen by force because in America we have rights given to us by the constitution that we can protect.
    It is possible I’m being a little bit too apprehensive about the negative uses of this technology but I just don’t agree with it being mandatory. If you committed a crime or something that’s a different context and in which case you would have to be under surveillance. Everyday people should be under surveillance because next thing you know the government will be recording us from government installed security systems and listening to our conversations at home….oh wait they already do.

  2. The main point of an identification system is to identify someone correctly and to ensure it is truly them. Obviously there are massive concerns about privacy concerns such as government tracking and possible abuse of this information. We must instead focus on embracing this technology and regulating it instead of actively trying to suppress it. The reason I state this is instead of wasting our resources on complaining about the obvious issues of privacy and trying to suppress we should focus our efforts on trying to regulate it. My perfect outcome for this technology would be this to be introduced with everyone in the system but not taken at the most simple of encounters. Now let me explain my reasoning for this, my reasoning for this is I have heard countless stories of identification issues in India ranging from corruption to fake deaths. There was a very popular story on a brother losing his land and assets because his brother claimed he has died claiming his assets. The man struggled for years trying to prove to authorities that he is simply alive. Aside from this issue there are issues with corruption such as “ghost employees” or other possible issues related to identification. With this technology many of these issues would be resolved but along with it, it is open to abuse by possible hackers seeking information. This is why I say we should focus on regulation for the fact that this can be abused and we should attempt to limit this information. I personally would say that this technology to only be used for important government encounters such as with the police or very important government matters and not such this as receiving a meal or having a background check at your job. This information should only be limited to the government and have no relation with the private world such as employers. Nevertheless this is still a great technology to be introduced on a widespread basis in a response to corruption and countless other issues but this technology should be regulated. I personally afraid of this technology to be introduced on a widespread bases for the private world as it can be exploited for gain.

  3. A new system, Aadhaar, in India has now implemented scanning of fingerprints, eyes, and faces to strengthen services such as use of welfare benefits by connecting the information to mobile phones and ultimately setting up a “Big Brother” system in the country. Issues concerning privacy, obviously, are at hand when dealing with a situation such as this. However, there are also extreme benefits that come from this new method of identification as the article points out.
    To first explain the system of bio-metric data, Aadhaar collects the personal information of each citizen (at this point 1.3 billion) and then uses this information to determine how to distribute welfare services, who is a “ghost” beneficiary, and other matters to the society. This technology is being heavily pushed on its citizens, where restrictions are placed on basic activities unless they agree to give their information and scans. While this might seem intense, the new system has saved about $9.4 billion dollars for India by not giving out benefits to “ghost” citizens. The system has also helped the government determine how resources are being used and whether or not they’re being used efficiently.
    We have seen a similar system recently in China, where faces have been captured of jaywalkers in order to clean up the crime in the country. While it has helped and is seemingly efficient, it as well as India’s new system completely disrupts the privacy that citizens have held for years. However, as we move into a new age of technology, that also means our privacy will most likely be compromised, regardless of the type of technology used. As a reoccurring theme in my blog posts, I am not a advocate of AI technology or any other form of technology that can clearly compromise your privacy. Some might argue that a cell phone falls underneath the category of devices that compromise privacy, and I’m not saying they don’t. What I’m saying is that I can easily deactivate my phone any day I want. If these devices are required in our society through the government, then we’d have a huge issue. Unfortunately, if these systems end up working well in China and India and any other country outside of the US, we will eventually adapt a similar system, where I believe a giant uproar will come from American systems.

  4. I think this kind of system is far too “bureaucratic” for my tastes. The novel The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy says it best—bureaucrats wouldn’t help others “without orders signed in triplicate, sent in, sent back, queried, lost, found, subjected to public inquiry, lost again…”
    As such, keeping fingerprints, facial recognition, and eye recognition in a database for every single person on welfare is largely ridiculous. While it’s true that technological advances do make life more convenient, this is about as helpful as inventing a projector screen that can come down at the press of a button. Just pull the damn string.
    This is also easily considered an irresponsible way to keep track of the poor. It’s generally known that the poor need help, and not control.
    The technology is, however, very important, as it will provide extra layers of security to ensure that no one takes advantage of the system. The world has a problem with identity theft that can only be solved with tighter security.
    The right answer to this is to not use all the layers of security for everyone and instead use them discriminately. If there is reasonable cause for suspicion of anyone, then it makes sense to add on another layer.
    If, however, all the data gathering must take place, it should not be kept in a vulnerable place. It should be kept on tightly-secured servers that require more security to access. iCloud and Equifax have been hacked before, for example.
    One possible root of the problem is overpopulation. India has almost as many residents as China, and as such, it is difficult to maintain so many individual identities. While it’s true that population control has caused problems in China, it may be necessary in order to make a world without this kind of security. I’m not an advocate for either “solution”, but we have to choose one or the other to make sure no one commits a serious crime.
    I’ve said it before, and I’ll say it again—even if societies head in the direction of 1984, there is very little reason to actually get to that point. There is no point in keeping massive amounts of data on everyone, but citizens should actively question their government.
    “How nice—to feel nothing, and still get full credit for being alive.” – Kurt Vonnegut, Slaughterhouse-Five.

  5. About a week ago, I decided to re-read George Orwell’s 1984. As a result I have been on sharper lookout than usual for Government activity violating privacy rights. In the United States we have the National Security Agency that should really be re-dubbed as the National Surveillance Agency. Thanks to the actions of Edward Snowden (https://tinyurl.com/ycshjhce) we have some understanding as to the degree of surveillance that the NSA holds over Americans and rightfully many of us were outraged. Private conversations being recorded and monitored without a warrant. How could such blatant privacy violation be kept a secret from us for so long?!?! After reading this article from the New York Times, it appears that the Indian is making a strong attempt to one up us in privacy violations. This time, blatantly in the public eye.
    India’s Aadhaar program horrifies me. There are legitimate concerns as to the lack of reliable identification systems in the nation of over one billion people, but Aadhaar is not the answer. As time goes on and technology improves we are all as a collective species giving away our rights to privacy. Some of this is voluntary like personal information shared publicly on social media seems natural, but a mandatory government identification system to this degree is overstepping.
    In every nation, there is a stigma against the poor held by those in power. Unsurprisingly the primary purpose of Aadhaar is to regulate those who receive government benefits. In most of the country, registering with the program is required in order to collect these benefits.
    The man in charge of building Aadhaar is Nandan Nilekani, the Co-Founder of Infosys (https://tinyurl.com/pw9v6j7) an Indian IT company. He likened the project to building a digital interstate highway system, as well as a platform that innovation can be based upon. It is not surprising that the leader of the project has a positive perspective on it, and with good intentions, there are plenty of feasible positive consequences of this program.
    However, the pros are far outweighed by the cons in this instance. A mandatory identification system that knows the fingerprints and irises of every citizen is undeniably Orwellian. In the contemporary context, it sounds a lot like an episode of Black Mirror. If a government controls all of this information, the evil possibilities are endless. Even if the current leaders of India are trustworthy, there is still always a looming threat of “turnkey tyranny” as explained by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden here (https://tinyurl.com/gn4jq5m). Aadhaar is a tool that can be used to do irreversible damage to the people of India if it falls into the wrong hands, and this is something that needs to be vocally and consistently discussed.

  6. The development of the bio metric ID system in India offers many broad implications for the world as a whole. Seeing as similar systems seem to be gaining traction in countries like China this system may be the way of the future in the developing world. Rights don’t have as much traction in nations like China and India as compared to the United States. I was surprised to see that the highest court in India just recently ruled that all Indians have a right to complete privacy. The vastness of this program is also something that came as a shock to me. Having over one billion people on this program is something that has to be very difficult to manage. The article also addresses some of the difficulties that the technology is having regarding actually identifying people. While this may be a bit of a set back for the program I don’t think this should be to big of an issue. With any new technology there will be setbacks in development and implementation.
    The much larger debate regarding the legality of this program is something that we should all pay attention to. This program is something that would seem to be a massive violation of personal privacy in the West. Especially in America where we use plastic ID cards, this system seems like a bug overstep. The ability of the government to track very personal data such as medical information and other aspects of peoples lives presents a very slippery slope. China seems to be doing something similar with AI and facial recognition to identify its citizens.
    With India being the worlds largest democracy this seemingly big violation of personal privacy is something that India as a society will have to debate and the rest of the world should watch this debate very closely.

  7. As I read this article, a wave of emotions are surging through my head. I keep thinking why a country would do this to their citizens. If a country with over a billion people are successful in creating an Identification System, what does that insinuate for other countries with less population? This has me troubled and wondering will this happen to my country. It states in the article that, technology has given governments around the world new tools to monitor their citizens. That makes me feel that, we are nothing but a bunch of animals.

    The governments around the world seem like they cannot trust their own citizens. Especially, the governments in the countries that are enforcing an identification system. They are making it mandatory for public officials and if they deny, they do not receive any benefits, finances, or even food. This is also being done to the people who work in the private sector and are forced to adapt to this new trackable technology. I understand how they feel it will be India’s ticket to the future because, it will reduce or perhaps eliminate their country’s corruption and even assist illiterates.

    But, I feel that the negative impacts will be no privacy and freedom due to, the technology being more than capable to watch all the citizens. The country of India is imposing the identification system on every citizen from young, old. Even, the sick have no choice but to sign up in order to receive any assistance. If you are a leprosy patient which the illness damages their fingers and eyes, they even need to pass a fingerprint or iris scans to earn benefits. What happens if they do not pass a scan? Do they get denied all of their services?

    In conclusion, I believe there are benefits to an identification system but not at the expense of violating a person’s rights. I feel that the right to privacy for a person is important regardless of where they are from. If you cannot be alone for even a minute, how can you ever have any privacy? The technological advances only strip us from our privacy and what we are entitled. It only allows the government to keep an eye on anyone, they please. How is that ok? I do not comprehend how the citizens of the country were okay with this change. It seems like they did not even have a choice to say otherwise. All I hope is that, this identification system does not become a trend for other countries to try around the world. If that happens, I fear when that day will arrive.

  8. India has created a process of scanning the fingerprints, eyes, and faces of their residents which allows them to connect various pieces of data in an unprecedented way which is a system that I find to be very interesting. This process allows this data to be combined with benefits and devices these individuals receive which creates a profile for each citizen with very specific information. This technology has the ability to track residents which raises many legal issues regarding a citizen’s right to privacy in our modern and technologically advanced society. In my opinion, just because a group of people has the ability to do something does not mean they should. I feel as though the ability for a government to track everything regarding the lives of their citizens is a huge invasion of privacy and is not something they have the right to do. A great deal of individuals do not understand the depths of knowledge other groups have regarding their personal life and data.

    Systems such as these can be efficient in connecting individuals and information. Since this system of biometric data collection or Aadhaar has been utilized the Indian government has been able to determine the efficiency regarding their resources. The article specifies how additionally this new system has saved the government $9.4 billion dollars by determining who is and not providing benefits to “ghost” citizens. Although there are benefits such as the one stated above these technologies in ways are being forced upon citizens. Life as they know it is restricted if these processes of surveillance are not agreed too.

    As mentioned prior, just because a group has the ability to do something does not give them permission or the right to do that thing. Many other countries have seen the success India has had regarding this system of surveillance and have begun adapting similar practices. In our modern and technological age, tracking individuals is simpler than ever before. I am one that believes all individuals have a right to their own privacy and should continue too until it is proven that they should be monitored in some way for a specific reason. I understand America offers many freedoms to privacy that other countries may not yet it should be stated that this system is not the only one that collects information on citizens and there are many pieces of technology that collect data on a smaller scale across our nation and world.

  9. Aadhaar, an Indian digital ID system that is required for all Indian citizens, brings some serious questions about privacy to the table. This system includes mandatory finger print, face, and iris scans to “prove your identity”. As the article already stated, this type of database sounds particularly Orwellian. In order to receive government benefits, or participate in school functions, or take exams, Indians now have to prove their identity through this new system. With all of this information being logged, it’s not surprising that there are a large number of critics within the Indian political world, especially after last year’s important legal decision stating that Indians have a fundamental right to privacy. How much “privacy” are Indians being allowed under this new system?
    It’s no secret that governments in every country have been making many efforts to track and log all information about their citizens. In fact, it would appear that India is doing a similar thing to other countries, but is simply being more forthcoming and transparent about it. Government surveillance of citizens is diffuse and has been normalized in slow incremental phases; creeping normalcy hidden in plain sight. It is not as obvious as someone just standing in front of you with a video camera all day, but that is essentially what is happening. Most people are oblivious to closed circuit TV’s, for instance. So what does it mean when a government is making a public and unashamed effort to track and log data on all of its citizens, and makes this system mandatory for everyone? It means problems, and not just in the “spooky surveillance” way. People who work manual labor do not have exclusively identifiable finger prints, so systems that require them to use that for, say food rations, do not work. And what happens when, inevitably, this database is breached by an attack of either domestic or foreign origin? 1.3 billion people’s personal information, activities, and identifiers are now in the hands of people with even more nefarious purposes than the government’s. This means trouble for the Indian people, and consequently, the rest of the world.
    We seem to be the only animal that is obsessed with keeping a strong eye on our entire species. Something seems very unnatural about tracking activities and storing personal identifiers on every person in a country, and if it is not done, they are threatened. Indians have no choice in this matter, which takes away their free will and aforementioned right to privacy. I hope that other governments see this system and its drawbacks, and do not attempt to institute the same thing in their own countries. But I am not hopeful.

  10. This idea of monitoring a citizen’s every action is extremely controversial. The up side of the idea is generally keeping track of each citizen’s identity and preventing fraud. By using finger print scanning, there is no opportunity for others to hack their identity since fingerprints are a one of a kind trademark, which even Americans use from birth for important government functions. However, they make it mandatory which is questionable when it comes to a person’s right to privacy. A person should be able to choose how that information is utilized. In India, they keep the records and use for everyday functions such as buying food or receiving medications. They so as far as using this identification to let students into school functions. It also holds no limits when it comes to babies and those with chronicle diseases who need to use this system more often for doctor visits or to receive medication.
    As far as integrating this program into the United States, it would not get very far. Many USA citizens hold their rights to privacy very near and dear to their hearts. The idea of privacy in America has gotten many companies such as Facebook, Google, and Snap chat in trouble due to hoarding information and selling it to advertisers. It also became a problem with the invention of the Iphone X where it came with facial recognition which was believed to be stored as well. All in all, Americans are very wary when it comes to disposing of personal information. The process is also extremely expensive to fund technology for thousands of government offices as well as the cost of pay for new government employees who would be needed to administer the scans for the millions of American citizens. This is money that would most likely come from taxes that Americans will not shell out to invade on their privacy. Lastly, it is a timely idea. The article mentions a girl who had to try several times to even have the print take into the system. This is a timely process that may take years to actually finalize.


  11. I had always wondered when the time would come in which governments started to act as “Big Brother” and I guess we have reached that point. First off, it is astonishing that Indian government as already been able to to successfully input 1.1 billion registers into their system. That within itself is astonishing. Yet, that amazement only lasts a few seconds till you realize that the India requiring a whole host of biometric data on all citizens is extremely dangerous. I refuse to believe to that the government wants to employe this system in order to keep those who are illiterate in their society. Dr. Pandey of Aadhaar stated that “If you are not able to prove your identity, you are disenfranchised, you have no existence”. While I can understand this statement, trying to incorporate those who are illiterate into their society by amassing this multi billion dollar system seems extremely outrageous. Their explanation quite frankly is silly.
    If you want to incorporate those who are disenfranchised back into society, teach them. Knowledge is power, and power, specifically competence, allows people to ascend the domain hierarchy. Either on a personal level, or as a nation. This system is a ethical disasters that I think will soon show the world just how powerful it is. The ability to track someone 24/7 due to their iris, fingerprints, and their facial structure being link to their cellphones and banks accounts only leads to danger. There are certainly other alternatives that can be put into place. First, set up a better infrastructure for the school systems. Try to teach people how to read, and write ect. This will benefit both the state and the person. Allowing them to read will open up many different avenues. Way more avenues than simply being able to keep track of them at government station. Secondly, invent that money that is going towards this system into a system that ensures tighter security to detect fraud and theft. Buying downloading everyones biometric data, it might ensure a safer country in regards to theft and fraud, it also brings with it a large amount of baggage. I really don’t see this working out as well as the government might think it will.
    Even if the government is true to their word and is employing this system to help unify a country and decrease different treats, now that same government really needs to step up security in terms of server security and data security. The amount of damage an individual, or even a group of people can do by getting their hands on that type of information is not even computable. By simply stealing one package on the servers of this biometric data, that person know has a neat and organized package of all the data that anyone would need about a person. Bank account information, cellphone usage and GPS location, iris information, fingerprint information, health records, ect. It does not matter if the government is going this to help or hinder their own people, but either way, it seems like the risks involved are way too much for the fractional benefits that come with a system like this.

  12. I have never heard of countries using this system to keep track of population. The fact that the government is keeping track of how many individuals are in their country is understandable. India has one of the largest populations in the world so they had to create a system to manage items such as groceries given out by the government. This system gives India the opportunity to record the population. However, I do not agree with this system. I would not feel comfortable having my fingerprint scanned, my eye and face photographed. India’s program has both a mass collection of bio metric data and in attempt to link everything such as traffic tickets and bank information. You can not even take your baby out of the hospital with scanning your fingerprint. The first issue with this is that it is an invasion of privacy. The country of India is tracking the people of their population through this system. Some of things they use this system for is crazy. I understand they use the system just to count how many individuals the country has but they do not need to continue to scan on a continuous basis.
    Another problem with this system is what if the system shuts down or does not read your fingerprint. In one part of the article it mentions a lady who hard trouble scanning her fingerprint into the system to register. It took four times for the system to finally record her fingerprint. This reminds me of the system Apple uses to unlock your phone. Although people who do not have your fingerprint cannot get into your phone, there are times I can not get into my phone. It has trouble reading my fingerprint at times. I believe that there may be times that a woman will be at the ration grocery store getting their rice rations to feed their families and their fingerprint will not scan.
    Many of Indians have filled to their supreme court that it is an invasion of privacy, which I believe it is. There can be other ways of documenting the population. Even though it saves millions dollars, they can find a different system that other countries use that is not as extreme. Other countries such as Great Britain has a system to keep track of the population and it does not micromanage their civilians like India does.

  13. Aahaar is a breach of privacy. Personal information from bank statements, social security cards, can be exposed. Goel expresses, “210 government websites have leaked other personal data.” This products is government funded and should have extra security in order to increase the safety of personal data. Also, Goel discusses that courts rules that Indians right are being disturbed based on their constitution. To continue this product means that Indians will not accept government funding, not open bank accounts, and not apply for jobs. This can increase the number of individuals in India that are “ghosts.”
    This program is good for a country that is majorly in debt. To make identification mandatory will allow them to rule out ghosts. Goel explains, “Officials estimate that taxpayers have saved at least $9.4 billion from Aadhaar by weeding out “ghosts” and other improper beneficiaries of government services.” Imagine if identity fraud did not exist and all the citizens were accounted for. The funds that are saved can be used to fund other government agencies or can be used to decrease debt.
    There are good aspects and bad aspects. Aahaar can affect the privacy of individuals but can assist the government with more funding. The “Big Brother” statement is an overstatement and with great precautions and increases security on individuals personal information, Aahaar can work.

  14. Time and time again, technology continues to astonish the public. Through its amazing status, it is able to change practically anything. That is why understanding it is crucial to our future. As technology increases, so does our responsibility to it because the only way that technology can improve is through our understanding of it. However, technology today has started to become so advanced that the public cannot keep up with it. Time and time again, comprehension of technology slims down even more as the years go on, allowing organizations like the government to polarize their powers against the citizens in an attempt to achieve a totalitarian state of mind. They do this by funding people capable of understanding modern technology and covering up their true intentions through deceptive marketing so they are able to secretly fulfill their preferences. An example of this would be the NSA and their hypocritical statement “if you have nothing to hide you have nothing to fear”. No matter who you ask, they all have something that they have never shared with the open world. Now, the impact of the secret could differ between the people, but it is impossible to expect compliance from a population when you secretly record their movements, preferences, and interests without their knowledge. My solution to the problem is this: In order to overcome the “Big Brother” situation, we must first adapt our learning to that of modern technology. By understanding how the technology works, we would automatically shut down the monopolizing power that governments and businesses have on us. This would not only kill their leverage that they have on the common folk, but would also give us an enormous boost into innovation in the United States. In learning so, we would be protecting our constitutional right to privacy and also advancing our nation for the better. However, the process won’t be easy. In my opinion, cybersecurity is the next big thing, but that doesn’t mean that it’s going to be easy. There’s a reason why it took people this long to even ask how the Internet works. Because people are satisfied enough knowing that the Internet exists. If we were to learn this technology, I predict that everybody would be able to use logical, analytical, and technical skill sets to completely digitalize our world for the better, not for the hackers.

  15. While Modi has been eager to expand the biometric identification capabilities the matter has clearly drawn the attention of the highest courts of government as the Supreme Court ruled on September 26th 2018 that private institutions cannot mandatorily use Aadhaar for identity verification which in turn caused the Department of Telecommunications to issue a statement that telecommunication companies have until November 5th to cease use of Aadhaar and switch to another form of verification for enrollment into services. The program will still be permissible for government programs (https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/government-asks-telecom-companies-to-stop-using-aadhaar-ekyc-for-verifying-users/articleshow/66383086.cms). However how this decision from the DOT has changed in light of the amendments to the PMLA and Telegraph Act are unknown (which will be discussed below).
    How banks have changed after the ruling appears to be somewhat tricky. Aadhar is still allowed as a form of an acceptable document for opening a bank account. The banking system still has yet to actually implement the changes based on the Supreme Court verdict (https://www.timesnownews.com/business-economy/economy/article/as-sc-scraps-aadhaar-based-kyc-authentication-here-s-how-banks-will-now-open-your-accounts/293137).
    Currently an amendment has been passed for the Indian Telegraph Act and the PMLA which makes the use of providing Aadhar to private companies such as telecommunications and banking sectors as voluntary (https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/nation/aadhaar-amendment-bill-in-lok-sabha-today/707338.html).
    While the affects of the ruling are too numerous to list, there are opinions that have been shared that seem to feel that the Supreme Court ruling will matriculate into affects on processing of different types of data. For example tech companies who normally would have been able to rely off of Aadhar for identity verification will now need to use methods which are potentially slower which can affect the speed of enrollment for customers thereby potentially having an effect on company revenues. Analysts predict that Reliance Jio that was heavily relying off of Aadhar authentication for enrollment will see their identity verification costs rise although their decline in enrollment growth is expected to be brief (https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/government-asks-telecom-companies-to-stop-using-aadhaar-ekyc-for-verifying-users/articleshow/66383086.cms).
    The amendments stated above have a dual effect. The implication is that the Aadhar system still allows the government to continue promoting public welfare by providing a way to allow access to government programs and benefits to many whom have no sources of ID. In addition the system would potentially be very beneficial from a health standpoint, allowing the government to compile disease data and infection data for epidemiology purposes. In fact such a system could potentially allow for a much faster rate of detection for outbreaks of disease. Governments cannot collect data unless they have systems in place for collecting the data. While verification of identity has been one of the biggest cited purposes of Aadhar it could really potentially allow the government to react faster to promote health and well being for their citizens. The other effect of the ruling is that it maintains the privacy of citizens.

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