Tech Companies Should Stop Pretending AI Won’t Destroy Jobs

from MIT Technology Review

No matter what anyone tells you, we’re not ready for the massive societal upheavals on the way.

I took an Uber to an artificial-­intelligence conference at MIT one recent morning, and the driver asked me how long it would take for autonomous vehicles to take away his job. I told him it would happen in about 15 to 20 years. He breathed a sigh of relief. “Well, I’ll be retired by then,” he said.

Good thing we weren’t in China. If a driver there had asked, I would have had to tell him he’d lose his job in about 10 years—maybe 15 if he was lucky.

That might sound surprising, given that the US is, and has been, in the lead in AI research. But China is catching up—if it hasn’t already—and that rivalry, with one nation playing off the other, guarantees that AI is coming.

China will have at least a 50/50 chance of winning the race, and there are several reasons for that.

First, China has a huge army of young people coming into AI. Over the past decade, the number of AI publications by Chinese authors has doubled. Young AI engineers from Face++, a Chinese face-recognition startup, recently won first place in three computer-vision challenges—ahead of teams from Google, Microsoft, Facebook, and Carnegie Mellon University.

Second, China has more data than the US—way more. Data is what makes AI go. A very good scientist with a ton of data will beat a super scientist with a modest amount of data. China has the most mobile phones and internet users in the world—triple the number in the United States. But the gap is even bigger than that because of the way people in China use their devices. People there carry no cash. They pay all their utility bills with their phones. They can do all their shopping on their phones. You get off work and open an app to order food. By the time you reach home, the food is right there, hot off the electric motorbike. In China, shared bicycles generate 30 terabytes of sensor data in their 50 million paid rides per day—that’s roughly 300 times the data being generated in the US.

More here.

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  1. I do believe technology is valuable and important to society, and I definitely have my own uses for it, but it does not mean I am a particular fan of this advancement. It is advancing too much and too fast. This article personally reminded me of the advancements in technology in China, the face scans and finger scans to enter simple places, and the public humiliation and instant messages regarding jaywalking and the fines for it. These advancements are definitely helpful but I personally believe that artificial intelligence cannot always cover everything. There will be some areas that would require more than knowledge. If this plan goes through, the United States and China will be the first countries to let artificial intelligence become a daily part of our lives. This article speaks about the pros and cons to artificial intelligence and the place it will take in our lives from now on. While some believe that the combination of humans and artificial intelligence working together is a good idea, some believe that artificial intelligence cannot do everything that humans can. There are also those who believe that there is nothing wrong with the merging of artificial intelligence and humans, and that it is in fact a better idea, and advancements will do good to society. Personally, I don’t agree with the last part of the previous sentence. Technology cannot fix or help everything, there are places where it is helpful, but there are also moments that require much more than simple knowledge. When it comes to morals and values and ethics, artificial intelligence is incapable of doing that. Artificial intelligence only is aware of what we input into it, so basically it’s a spitting image of what we want, it does not have a mind of its own. A major con to artificial intelligence is the possibility of losing information due to hackers. Artificial intelligence is slowly making its way into this world, and I believe that it will be a while before it ‘can’ completely take over, and I think that it is important for us to realize the importance of jobs and how much more humans can do compared to artificial intelligence.

  2. For centuries, if not millennia, humanity has concerned itself –in fiction and often in engineering- with the creation of devices meant to mimic human behavior, or to behave in a seemingly intelligent way. AI stands for artificial intelligence, essentially relating to what some might find an easier term to refer to as robots. Over the past decade, AI has become much more prevalent in day-to-day life. However, it began much before this past decade. In the early 1940’s, military efforts of both Germany and the United states were racing to produce electronic computers that could be used in ballistics calculations, or in deciphering coded messages. The excess computing power after the war, coupled with some major advances in the design of the machines provided a fertile ground for exploring some more esoteric ideas for computing. This fertile ground has definitely been utilized.
    Work in AI is making a vast cultural impact on society now, and as we can see, it is almost a race for who will take over the world with AI first. Will it be the Chinese or we? Like John, I too have added Information Technology (or IT) to my studies program here at Seton Hall University because I, like many, used to fear the AI take over and worried that the field in which I am studying will have no need for physical beings. Not only my specific study but all jobs did I fear would lose the need for human interface. That is the goal of AI is it not. I was very against the thought of no more people, but now after studying more and picking up more classes based upon technology, I find myself in the group of symbiotic optimists, who think that AI combined with humans should be better than either one alone. I find that there will always be need for human knowledge and that we do not have to worry about robots taking over the world diabolically just yet.

  3. Reading Kai-Fu Lee’s article on Artificial Intelligence technology, I cannot help but get the “shakes.” Artificial Intelligence is completely set on taking over human jobs. In fact, the process has already begun.
    I recall, not so long ago, seeing news reporting on self-service kiosks at local McDonald’s stores. If you do a Google search on, “McDonald’s self-service machines,” you receive a stream of articles in the result. The search results display articles dating as far back as 2003, to present. The media was buzzing with controversy. Debates centering on the fact that, self-service kiosks enable customers to place orders with no point of human contact. This phenomenon threatens people’s jobs by allowing machines to do employee work (cashiers). On the other hand, self-service kiosks are improving company efficiency, by eliminating any cause of human error (Gao, and Su). On paper, this looks amazing for customers, yet, not so great for employees.
    Artificial Intelligence certainly has started taking over, it’s only a matter of time. The anticipation is all over our television screens. If you switch your TV on, almost instantly, an ad displaying Artificial Intelligence technology appears-new improved computer systems, robotics and, even human-like doll inventions. Viewers are already being prepared by tech-media moguls.
    Although I have to agree with the article on that, “We’re not ready for the massive societal upheavals on the way”-Lee, K. Unfortunately, we have no choice but to get ready. Sadly, there doesn’t appear to be a convincing solution that exists for people who are at risk of losing their jobs to AI. Yes, Artificial Intelligence is cost-effective for companies, but, what effect will decentralization of this working class have on the economy? According to the article, extra money made by Artificial Intelligence will be used to pay off people who lose their jobs. My suspicions tell me, that amount won’t be big enough to compensate years of working experience gathered, as well as time spent acquiring degrees to qualify for jobs, only to be replaced by Artificial Intelligence.
    Reinventing the education system, as Mr. Lee suggests, sounds like a good start. Training people adequately for the current job market is crucial.
    Kai-Fung Lee also addresses an existing competition between the US and China. The US has a lot of business in China so, it’s not surprising that China wants to compete with its economy.
    “China is the largest foreign holder of Treasury debt, with a portfolio estimated at $1, 2 trillion or 8.4 percent of the US gross debt…” (Darno 77). It is foreseeable that the country tries its luck. China has done exceptionally well, growing into an independent technology manufacturer is remarkable. Definitely an interesting change in dynamics.
    Back to Artificial Intelligence technology. Ready or not, the shift from human labor to machinery is inevitable. Companies, nine out of ten times, pick low-cost labor methods that produce maximum level revenue, over anything else. I would advise that we sit tight, draw up various income methods and, prepare to ride out the AI wave. It’s certainly going to be quite a ride.
    Works Cited
    Dorn, James, A. “The Role Of China In The US Debt Crisis” 33 Cato Journal, 2013, page=. Accessed 29 May 2018.
    Gao, Fei, and Xuanming Su. “Omnichannel Service Operations With Online and Offline Self-
    Order Technologies| Management Science”. Pubsonline.Informs.Org, 2018, Accessed 29 May 2018.
    Lee, Kai-Fu. “Tech Companies Should Stop Pretending AI Won’t Destroy Jobs”.
    MIT Technology Review, 2018, Accessed 29 May 2018.

  4. Artificial Intelligence is growing in size and scope as a major object to contend with in today’s technology world. With new intelligence coming out every day that is smarter and more “useful” than humans in that they can perform everyday tasks quicker and with more precision, time is running out and we haven’t figured out what in the world we are going to do with it. The race that the article mentioned between countries like China and the U.S. with AI is evident, and I believe it is very dangerous. We already see people being replaced by robots at McDonald’s, with more order accuracy and less waiting times (Johnson). But that doesn’t change the fact that people prefer having a cashier over a kiosk.
    When I was in high school, I got a job at our local car wash. It was an automated wash, meaning the driver simply had to drive their car onto our tracks, and a conveyor belt would take their car through and the brushers, water, soap, and wax would all come out along the way before sending them out the other side with a clean, dry car. It was quick, efficient, cheap, and easy. It only took a few minutes out of people’s day, so we usually had lines into the street all day long with people wanting their cars washed. In addition, it was a great spot for the community. Everyone in our town knew of it, and it was fun to interact with neighbors and friends as they came up to the window to order a car wash. I even remember going to that car wash as a kid with my father, and the cashier would hand us a towel for the interior and a lollipop for me. It was so much fun.
    However, about a year after I began working there, the owners sold it to another company. This new company owned many car washes, but did not understand our community connection. Immediately after buying the car wash, they installed automated kiosks in front of our normal cashiering window. The driver now had to drive up to the gate and go through all of the menus (as well as watch an ADVERTISEMENT) before being let into the car wash, with no human interaction. Unsurprisingly, the customers were very unhappy. Not only was the kiosk difficult to navigate, but it eliminated that human connection that so many people came there for in the first place. There was no life in the car wash anymore. Soon enough, we started to notice the lines dwindling. People were cancelling their memberships and the older customers became frustrated with the new technology and got angry with us. Since I left, that car wash has gone through many subsequent new ownerships. Nothing has really changed, and people don’t really go there anymore.
    So what’s the point of that sob story? Even if technology can somehow make a business run more efficiently, it may not be the best idea for the company’s bottom line. Sure, they could be saving labor costs and expediting the sales process, but it loses its touch. Nobody likes a faceless, lifeless corporation. And with AI infiltrating every industry at every level sometime in the near future, I believe companies are going to see just how much the human connection is really worth. Can a robot, say, perform surgery better than a human surgeon? Maybe, but it’s lacking in everything else. A robot has terrible bedside manner, and research shows that that can be one of the most important factors in determining if a patient gets better (Di Blasi et al. 2001). With increasing technology, we are decreasing our humanity. And when we do that, “efficiency” and “cost” doesn’t matter anymore. We are stripping away our very nature, our desire to be useful, and our desire to connect. The next few years should be interesting to watch, as AI technology rises in prevalence and advances in skill. What will happen to us?

    Di Blasi, Z., et al. Influence of context effects on health outcomes: a
    systematic review. 2001.,
    Accessed 14 June 2018.

    Johnson, Hollis. “We ordered from McDonald’s new kiosks to see if they’re better
    than real cashiers ? and the winner is surprising.” Business Insider, 4
    June 2018,

  5. Artificial intelligence is growing rapidly and has as many skeptics worried about the future of employment. The race of advanced artificial intelligence, capable of taking the place of the majority of jobs currently done by humans, is much like the space race. Each country, mostly Asian states such as China and Japan, and the United States are among the few contestants that have been diving head first into the research and development necessary to endow such a daunting task. The article seems to lean towards the idea that China is out performing America as far as their intelligent machine accomplishments go.
    I strongly disagree with the third labeled statement by the author, Mr. Lee, I do not believe that China has been blatantly duplicating the techniques and functionality of American companies. The approach China and other Asian countries have been taking towards AI and other forms of technology have always been vastly more complex in my opinion. China and Japan more so, has been a powerhouse in robot technology and has had a seamless transition from physical architecture of machines into the mind of a machine. I believe that China has recently had a more intimate relationship with their work on the projects encasing AI and have now gained a signature for their work in the industry. And this is a very good thing, for everyone in the world to be preparing for a technological shift in all sorts of ways, in this way we can be sure to find the best most efficient methods and tools to progress at the most optimal pace necessary for the growth of more than just an industry but a new style of life, and hopefully a positive change.

  6. This article really caught my eye just by the title. It made me immediately question the idea of self-driving cars and how this type of AI innovation would most likely cause serves like Uber and taxis to become obsolete. As we can see from the opening paragraph of this article, this is a real concern for drivers in this industry. It’s crazy to think of all the jobs that could be replaced by a computer and it’s really difficult to determine whether the convenience of automation would outweigh the potential economic dangers.
    My first fear when reading this is that it would replace all the minimum wage jobs we start out with as teenagers. I really value what I’ve learned from my first jobs because they’ve prepared me to take on positions with greater responsibility. We can see this type of innovation taking jobs now with places like Amazon Go. One of my first jobs was as a cashier at a grocery store, but places like Amazon Go completely take out the front end of a grocery store by monitoring what you pick up as you shop. Not only did that job teach me about fiscal responsibility, but I also learned a good deal about customer service. It’s weird to think that we’re moving toward eliminating these jobs that teach us transferable skills that are important in our career development.
    Another concern that was raised in this article is the idea that automation would lead to a great deal of inequality. All of the money that businesses would be saving from not having to pay wages would just be going back into the owners’ pockets, and the circulation of money would slow. I think that in the near future we will begin to see a lot of innovations toward automation, but also a lot of resistance from it. Truckers and Uber drivers are already fighting to protect their jobs from autonomous driving, and I think many other industries will follow.

  7. In this day and age that we currently live in I feel that all we hear sometimes is that technology is going too eventually take over in x number of years to come. This article was no different, but also states the fact that China is catching up to the U.S. in technology and that is not a good thing. The United States needs to start trying to get further ahead from China if they want to retain their dominance in the technology field. If one were to think about it, if China can catch up the U.S. in technology simply by copying some of the stuff that they do and then eventually being able to do it on their own, imagine what else they could do. Technology is very important and the United States needs to play a little catch up themselves so that they do not fall behind and lose their position as the most dominant country for technology.
    Another aspect that this article talked about was the fact that technology will soon start to take over a lot of jobs in the near future. In my opinion, this is a good thing but also a bad thing. This is a good thing because I find it amazing that we have come this far and gotten to the point that we are at with technology. I remember when I was in grade school and a lot of people were using the newest thing, flip phones. Then out of nowhere came smart phones, such as the IPhone, and the world has been ever evolving since then. I still remember getting my first phone and thinking about how cool it was to have this thing, and then eventually upgrading to an IPhone was the coolest thing ever in my eyes. Sadly, with every good thing comes a bad thing. The bad part about technology taking over jobs is the fact that people will be losing their jobs. Unemployment is already rough where it stands, but now if you can get robots that can work at McDonald’s and make everyone’s order then imagine what else could be done with jobs. Companies will go the robot way as well because it will save them a ton of money in the long run so it is only a matter of time. Hopefully, we are able to come up with newer jobs to replace these jobs because it we do not then a lot of people are in trouble.

  8. In the article “Tech companies should stop pretending AI won’t destroy jobs”, by Kai-Fu Lee, Lee describes the effect of artificial intelligence and its advancement. Such advancement that he believes has a real likelihood of taking over the job force and placing humanity at a distinct disadvantage.

    More specifically, this concern is greatest in China where the development of AI has been exponentially quicker than other countries like the U.S.

    From an outside perspective, AI has slowly crept into our daily lives and it isn’t out of the realm of possibility that some jobs will be able to be automated. However there are some cases, like in contract negotiation where that face to face connection can not be automated or replaced. So to say that this will have an overwhelming effect on the job force seems to be a bit of an overreaction.

    In fact, AI can be of great assistance to existing jobs and make peoples lives easier than they currently are. Weighing all of the pros and cons of implementation of AI, artificial intelligence can be of great assistance in many business processes and should be continually pursued regardless of cost or “repercussions”

  9. In the article “Tech Companies Should Stop Pretending AI Won’t Destroy Jobs” by MIT Technology Review, we learn about the race for the completion of effective AI. I learned that the United States of America is currently ahead in its research when compared to China who is in second place, but China unlike the United States of America, has a whole batch of students who are rushing to enter the AI fields of study. This massive influx of students who will push AI to new limits, will inherently make AI come to the public a lot sooner than many of us can anticipate. AI is great and all, especially when it comes to making our lives ten times easier, but if in the future, AI access becomes cheap, companies will figure out ways to replace its workers with AI robots that can do the same job for no money, no breaks, no benefits, no complaints, and more efficiently than any human being in that field. If this occurs, which it soon will, many people will become structurally unemployed, being that they do not have relative ease in finding a job that they needs their skills. People who will benefit from an AI invasion in our society, are those who are studying software development and conducting research on how to further improve AIs. For those who will become unemployed, they will seek governmental help until they can find new jobs that need their physical labor such as robot sitting, or anything else that can pop up from the AI industry. Many unemployed people will become discouraged and just live off the government. These people will pose a huge problem for the economy since many of these people will stop saving money and investing it. These people can also be potential entrepreneurs who will not try new ideas due to discouragement. For those who are pro AI, I leave you with this, even if you find a job and make good money, those around you will suffer and an economy is run as a whole not just one single individual. Sadly, AI is here to stay, so all we can do is hope that the government has a plan for relocating all its potential unemployed citizens.

  10. This article makes a great point about AI taking over jobs. We as a nation have not prepared for this in anyway. Unemployment is relatively low right now so this is not a major concern on people’s minds, but very soon this will become one of the top issues. This issue is not just in America, but all over the world. Everyone is effected by these new technological breakthroughs, and as amazing it is, we need to start thinking about solutions for the massive number of people who will be jobless very soon. My first idea is Universal Basic Income. This idea has been tossed around a lot for the past couple of years, but it is time we gave it some serious consideration. Everyone at least deserves to have their basic human needs met, in the form of food and shelter. UBI can give people that, and this won’t make people lazy, it will just give them a basis in which they can just barely afford the essentials to survive, if they want to truly live then they will need to get a job. That is the next step. After providing UBI, we should start brainstorming on ways that this new technology can actually provide new job avenues. This is an issue that everyone should be paying more attention to, because it is coming soon and we need to all come up with solutions and preventative measures before it does.

  11. I think artificial intelligence is important for the future of business. Artificial intelligence is an easy way of lowering cost and is great for some businesses. With this technology, it makes the supply chain costs significantly go down especially in labor costs. More companies are starting to switch to artificial intelligence, especially in asian countries. China is a leading country in developing artificial intelligence.

    On the downside, artificial intelligence is taking away jobs. With this technological breakthrough, it offers companies a cheaper solution to companies. This gives employers more money in their pocket, and gives less jobs to humans. This can be seen with Amazon’s grocery shopping. There are no cashier, or bagger, the customer uses their phone to pay and it scans what items you are buying. At the end, the consumer just gets charged for what they buy.

  12. Artificial intelligence will be a key factor in the American economy. Many companies are simply relying on artificial intelligence to do the works of humans. To provide an example take Uber or Lyft, they are starting to imply that autonomous cars much better and are the go-to cars for the future. It simply does for the company to lower its costs and have bigger profits. What this will affect is the U.S. economy and hurt the American people. Simply replacing humans to drive to one place to another, will drastically hurt those who work. Artificial intelligence should be a helping hand, but not a replacement to the American workforce. As Professor Shannon discussed the people who are not prepared for it, are the ones who will greatly suffer.

  13. When we think about the possibilities that lie ahead of us, we often think about flying cars, futuristic buildings, and robots and the use of AI. While this can be a very exciting thing to think about, it also brings about a lot of troubling facts. Most importantly, the fact that these robots can and will take jobs from people. The scary part is that AI will be able to complete almost half of the tasks that humans can at no cost. When looking at this from the perspective of the business, it sounds like lower costs and higher production, something every company strives for. However, most companies have been avoiding the idea that AI will take over human jobs, which the article predicts will be in about 15-20 years in the US. They have tried to argue that AI will require human assistance in the majority of the fields and some people believe that the extra revenue brought in from AI will be distributed to the people who lost their jobs from AI.

    We don’t know exactly when AI is going to take over many fields in the workforce, but we do know that it is inevitable. What worries me is what is going to happen to the education system. The article states that we need to “reinvent education”. While on the surface that sounds great, but what measures will be put into place to either help humans assist the robots better, or how it could better prepare people for their jobs. Hopefully, this will inspire workers to learn more, apply more to their job, and become as efficient as possible. Sure I believe that robots are fully capable of doing single-domain jobs better than humans, but where does the line stop? This also brings in a huge ethical side of business. How do the companies treat their employees when discussing AI and where and when do they start to move robots in and push humans out. No matter what happens, I believe there will be a lot of jobs lost, and I am curious to figure out what happens to the people who lost their jobs from AI.

  14. When taking a sudden glimpse into the future as well as the present, one can see that we, as well as artificial intelligence are getting smarter each and every day, which is both a curse and a gift. It is a curse due to the fact that in the next 15-20 years we could see tech and overall human jobs decrease due to AI intelligence which is frightening and concerning for many and their job safety. Another fact that is truly amazing in the world of technology but horrible for human jobs is that AI will be able to complete tasks more efficiently at a quicker rate and more effectively than humans.
    There is nothing like having human intelligence due to the fact that one simply cannot lose what they define as a job if their heart is fully invested into something they love. Nobody knows exactly how many jobs will be lost but one shouldn’t forget that AI is one the rise and will truly be here to stay as long as corporations and their managers and owners exist as they will want to make more profit. If one can find some loophole it would be terrific but its definitely not likely due to the companies exceeding their maximum supplies.

  15. Losing their job is something everyone worries about. Even being a college student, I worry about the outlook for jobs in the future. But what if it’s not just ‘losing’ a job, what if the job is gone off of the market? I mean closed to everyone forever. This sounds like a joke, like some sort of science fiction speculation, but this could be a reality sooner rather than later. As artificial intelligence (AI) becomes more and more prevalent in the US, and around the world, millions of jobs could be gone forever. As this article explains, tech companies using AI are not willing to admit the significant impact this could have on the workforce of the United States. One comparison people could try to make to explain the possible issues would be with the industrial revolution, which took away many jobs using automation and machines. However, AI is not comparable for a few reasons. The first being that AI fully replaces jobs, rather than just making them easier like machines did, and AI is more intelligent than any human.
    The first issue about jobs is the easiest one to understand. AI is more powerful than any work tool the world has ever seen. It is able to accomplish things in fractions of a second that would take people years of training, and possibly years just to complete. Because of this, millions of jobs will be lost to artificial intelligence, and the jobs lost will likely never be done by humans again. This has obvious serious implications in our country. People will be out of work, not be able to find a job, and it is very likely that there will simply not be enough jobs to support the population. This is due to the fact that unlike the mechanical machines of the industrial revolution, which gave birth to new industries around their production and maintenance, AI requires very few people to operate and maintain. The systems are so efficient that they do not create a significant amount of new jobs, or new industries around them. But it is not only the job loss that is the problem, it is the intelligence factor as well.
    Until recently, the intelligence of humans could not be beaten. We were the most intelligent creatures on Earth. This is no longer the case. AI has the capability to do analysis and create results that would not be humanly possible. This makes it extremely dangerous for us, and the fact that technology companies are not willing to admit this danger is worrisome. What would the role of humans be if all intelligence tasks and decisions are made by AI rather than humans? That is a question that has yet to be answered by any citizen, or any tech company.
    More needs to be learned about the impact AI is likely to have on the United States and the rest of the world. It is coming quickly in the U.S. and even quicker in countries like China, neither of which with a real understanding of what that means for humankind. We are taking a blind leap, and we better hope that it works out.

  16. This article was very interesting and concerning at the same time. I think that an article like this should open our eyes to the advancement of other nations in relation to us. It was only inevitable that China would pass us in specific things simply due to their population. More people working on one goal will achieve it faster than fewer people. China is continuing their dominance as they continue to grow an extreme rates through economic and technological success. I believe our country has lost sight of competition. Our determination and drive to be the best nation in the world has stalled and everybody is catching up. We have the resources, foundation, and will power to become that dominant force we were post World War II.

    I am personally scared of the effects of Artificial Intelligence. I believe that if companies who use AI do not figure out a way to balance the intelligence with employment we may have an issue. I also believe that AI may be too smart for humans. This sounds crazy, but in cartoons you would always see technology get too smart to listen to humans and it discover it has their own capacity. That is not too far out of the picture. AI is far smarter than humans will ever be and it’s only a matter of time before data expands and they have a thought process of their own. The article mentions a hybrid system that uses both AI and physical workers themselves. I like this idea a lot, it uses advanced technology that AI gives along with human intervention so it does not displace too many jobs. One point that I really disagree with is universal basic income for people who lost their jobs. I’m not saying I don’t want these people to have money, but I have an issue with AI taking someone’s job and the extra money that the technology has created goes to the person who lost their job over it. I did enjoy the article, it gave me insight on a subject that I didn’t know too much about. It also put into perspective a changing world.

  17. While this is true, what happens when tech is advancing faster than people are prepared for? I found this article to be extremely interesting as it brought up the downsides of our technologically advanced future. People are always wondering what the next invention will be and how quickly we will have new tech to implement in our daily lives. But what happens when these advancements come quicker than we are prepared for? The U.S. and China competing to advance AI are amazing for the future of technology as it helps speed up the creation of new tech to try and stay ahead in the race. China does however have much more data which gives it an advantage.

    There are, however, many problems that occur with this advancement. Out of the growing issues, I find that AI taking people’s jobs may be the largest. While I will admit that I do believe many jobs can be done by AI without the need for human effort, this does not mean I believe humans are better off leaving work to AI. When I think of AI taking jobs, my mind immediately goes to the self-driving car dilemma. The Moral Machine dilemma has been around since 2016 as brands continued to put self-parking and adaptive cruise control in more of their vehicles. The dilemma of how an AI-controlled car would act in many scenarios came up which resulted in the Moral Machine. While the U.S. and China have both made major strides in creating these advanced AI, they have not addressed the moral lessons they are implementing in these AI. Will these AI advancements matter if they cannot make the same moral decisions that make humans fit for certain jobs?

    Using the example of self-driving cars and services like Uber, we can directly relate the issue to the Moral Machine. When you hop in a car with a human driver, you can talk to the driver and directly communicate needs. This also gives the person in the backseat the knowledge that if something goes wrong, the driver will help make the best possible decision at the moment by using quick thinking and moral decision making. If you were in a car service controlled by AI, there is an automatic communication barrier. There would probably be ways to interact with the AI but can you trust a machine more than a human with your own life? Humans understand the value of life while machines take in data and compute according to what they have. These are the dangers when replacing humans with AI in the workforce. Becoming overconfident in AI creation and overly trusting machines with people’s life or taking care of a person’s needs can lead to even more problems. I do believe AI should be slowly implemented into our society to help advance but I do not believe that we should rush to help AI take over the job market.

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