What Keeps Female Freelancers From Closing The Gender Pay Gap

from Forbes

The gender pay gap remains a debated issue and is still a hotly contested matter within the freelance community as well.

As I mentioned in a previous article, statistics are still lacking on gender pay discrepancy within many freelance niches, but what is known is this:  in those niches studied, the pay gap is high –– as much as 32%.

A lot of this has to do with requirements for more transparency in salaries. What is surprising about all of this is that in the gig economy, freelancers set their own rates. So why are women setting rates that are so much lower than their male counterparts?

The answer behind the significant pay gap may lie in what can only be termed as “self-sabotage” – a toxic behavior female professionals are more likely to exhibit.  And that form of career sabotage comes in many shapes.

More here.

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15 Responses to What Keeps Female Freelancers From Closing The Gender Pay Gap

  1. Lauren Woodward April 13, 2018 at 2:36 pm #

    The issue concerning gender pay gap has been argued for years. Women have been paid lower than men for decades, and it still continues into modern day. While most blame should be taken by executives and managers of corporations with pay gaps, some measures can be taken by female freelancers affected by the difference in pay wage. The pay gap can be seen in various workplaces as high as 32%, which is way too high for how far our country has come in solving sex difference issues. This article clearly shows the situations affecting wage and the actions that can be taken to fix the pay gap.
    Among sexism in the workplace, the gender pay gap for freelance is dependent on various concepts. These factors include attracting more clients by using lower rates, competition between other female workers, and less confidence; to name a few. The article also shows ways to improve these conditions and help close out the gender pay gap: females start charging the same rates as males, females lessening competition between themselves, and improving confidence through proper training. It was surprising to see these factors as contributors to the issue, as most do not think of them to be so harmful to pay gap.
    I could see these methods to be helpful, however I don’t think these factors have been made apparent to the ones being affected by it. I hadn’t realized there were other factors that contributed to the pay gap, and I didn’t realize these factors were from women themselves; or as the article puts it, “self-sabotage.” If these concepts are so invisible, then we need to acknowledge them to decrease the difference in pay between men and women. However, despite these contributing factors, I believe a majority of the gender pay gap comes from decisions made higher up than the actual employee. If we eliminate this issue, I feel it will be easier to completely close out the gender pay gap and it will be easier to acknowledge the factors mentioned by this article and confront them. As a woman myself, this pay gap is a very concerning subject for me to deal with as I go into the work force; even if this article is only concerning freelance workers. It isn’t fair and I can’t believe it is still a huge problem in our society.

  2. Lucas Rodriguez April 13, 2018 at 5:14 pm #

    As a country, we have been founded on the banks of discrimination, separation, and ultimately, a society lacking equity. Seen from provisions such as the civil rights movement or other equality seeking legislations, through our incessant societal progression endeavors we have started to pave the way for an equilibrium based environment. Through this inevitable fight for freedom and personal liberation, the numerous instances involving women’s rights has seemed to be one of the most crucial aspects regarding our communities. In prior histories, and even arguably in modern times, this transparent electric fence of gender dominance has housed the more powerful gender excluding the spread and implementation of the opposing individuals in terms of Job related environments, educational systems, and voting booths- concealing them to the prisons of their domestic houses; the windows of which was there only form of visual natural freedom. Amid such a battle for equal opportunity, the gender wage gap has been an ongoing phenomenon that arguably continues to lurk within our communities. Heretofore, in our seemingly long passed societies, it had been wrong for a woman to obtain a job or acquire an education on the basis of the male being the more dominant and qualified sex. This aspect of sexism has created a gender related stigma which has prevailed and leaked into our modern environments- the backbone of our current universe. This simple instance in itself has shown that there is still a possibility for this wage gap to be prominent in contemporary times; despite how our societies may have changed, at one point in our history this gender discrimination had been a norm, so the idea may certainly still float abroad. As mentioned before, laws such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in the workplace on a basis of sex and other factors (Title VII). In more specific terms toward the apparent wage gap debate that continues to surface among our communities, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act demands equal pay among employees regardless of sex. Despite such legislation, employers have still managed to enforce certain discriminatory regulations in their workforce. In 2016 alone, women were paid just 80 percent of what men were paid, having the same amount of hours and qualifications as such. This doesn’t include the time women may take for maternity related instances either. This percentage has narrowed down a lot since the 1970s, but nonetheless, even with our current feminist movements and women rights uproars, has still managed to survive in whole. Of course not every industry is like this in terms of unequal pay, but at the same time there are many instances where this is relevant, and where it is not documented. This could simply be due to the employer’s manipulation of certain wages that may go uncontested, or due to the statistics that show that women are more discouraged to ask for raises and have less top tier positions then men. With more women graduating college than men, this statistic seems ineffably off, but in terms of our gender norms it is seen how such circumstances could be influenced. Especially in Louisiana, women are paid just 70 percent of what men are, and implementing more factors such as race, African American women are paid even less than white males. We aren’t expected equal pay until 2059, and even then, we aren’t entirely sure. This inescapable toxin has been the foundation of our country, something that has fueled corporations and individuals for years; this gender hierarchy has plagued woman’s chances of full equity, and has discouraged the youth from fulfilling their ambitions.

  3. Adam Facella April 13, 2018 at 7:32 pm #

    I think that this is one of the most interesting articles that I have read on ShannonWeb. Having a man writing on the topic of the gender wage-gap is surprising. The author brings up the fact that freelancers choose their own rates and women still tend to get paid less than their male counterparts. This seems like self-destruction to me and the author agrees with this statement. He explains that it is self-sabotage to their career. However, the author brings up ideas of why this happens and it makes sense. He brings up the ideas that women are thinking that they have to charge lower rates because they would not be as “qualified” as their male counterparts. I think that this reason is sad that women have to worry about being good enough for the jobs that they are performing. Another statistic that the author brings up that in almost every culture and country men have higher self-esteem than women.

    To conclude his article, he explains what women need to do to change these wage gaps. He starts by saying that they need to start charging the same prices as the men. They need to start paying the “going rate” instead of paying lower because they think that this will bring them business. Next he talks about how women have to stop seeing one another as their only competitors. He brings up the fact that women see only women as their competitors and this is not how it should be. Finally he brings up that they need to get the training they need to be to become a successful freelancer. I think that the advice that the author brings up is very helpful and I hope that there will be a time where both men and women will have the same opportunity of pay.

  4. Matt Henry April 13, 2018 at 7:44 pm #

    Most people acknowledge that the wage gap is a real thing, but in freelancers this is even more eye opening. This article states, “Freelancers set their own rates. So why are women setting rates that are so much lower than their male counterparts?” The answer is cited as something called “self-sabotage.” This toxic behavior is present in female freelancers for a number of reasons. First, many females set lower rates with the mentality that without lower rates, customers are more likely to choose their male counterparts. Women also set rates independent from each other because they want to compete with each other, rather than set comparable prices with each other and males. Apparently, it is harder for women freelancers to secure loans, and it could very well be because of all of these other self-sabotaging behaviors. Lastly, although this seems more opinionated, women are labeled as less confident as men which negatively affects their business actions. It is sad that there is still an apparent wage gap in society, but it is even sadder when women put themselves in a place that is below men. The article makes essential points that women freelancers must begin to follow. They need to work with other women freelancers and make their prices equal to their male counterparts. Freelancers all work in their own styles, but women freelancers need to improve in all aspects of business and one way to do this is with proper training and education. Once women start valuing themselves equal to men, the faster society will do the same.

  5. Timothy Guerrero April 16, 2018 at 11:26 am #

    In any history class you will ever take, regardless of specific culture or peoples being analyzed, there will always be one common theme – the fact that global society is based upon a patriarchal society, both historically and in a modern context. Even as we strive for more inclusivity and fairness amongst men and women, the roots of male dominance still residents, resulting in many unfair practices being implicit upon women as a result – most noticeably, the gender wage gap. The issue of gender wage gap truly is a political bicker-fest, however, there is an interesting point brought up in this article, and that is that women, especially working in freelance, use the roots of patriarchal dominance to cause a disservice to themselves. They will undervalue their work in comparison to what a male professional will charge for services, resulting in a huge discrepancy amongst pay. However, it should be taken into consideration that this isn’t a willing submission into a dominant patriarchal society – I argue that women are by nature kinder or less aggressive than a man and will be more inclined to value themselves as lesser, and these feelings stem from what we’ve seen both historically and today. Surely, this is an issue that must be tackled, as there is no reason why the services of a man or woman should vary over their mere gender. But there isn’t a simple fix – to right this specific issue raised in the article, you have to shift an entire mindset in women all around the world to follow suit. To cite this as a difficult task would be an understatement, as tradition holds a prominent suit in many societies, even if there are discriminatory practices involved. We need to change this approach and shift mindsets, as the very same, was done during the Women’s Suffrage, Civil Rights, and any and all activist movements that produced and resulted in actual change. Women must value their services on the platform of quality and capability, not based on gender in which there should be a discount because they aren’t a male.

  6. Gabrielle Pietanza April 17, 2018 at 3:38 pm #

    The gender gap has been in existence since the start of when women entered the workplace and still continues today. To my understanding this was an issue that was focused in corporations and organizations and to blame for the gender wage gap was high level executives who believe a women’s work is not worth as much as their male counterparts. The gender wage gap however is also evident in the freelance community as well. In the freelance community the pay gap has been as high as 32%. In the modern world we live in today I was surprised to learn that the wage gap is still this large. Although freelancers set their own rates women are still setting rates significantly lower than their male counterparts.

    This article takes many stances in attempt to explain why this is the case. And makes the claim that the pay gap is dependent on many concepts. For one, female freelancers may set their rates lower with the hopes that this will attract clients who would otherwise choose a man to do the job. There is a stigma in the professional world that men are more reliable than women and some may believe a lower price would make a women more desirable. A lack of confidence can also be an issue as large studies have shown that men have a higher self-esteem than women and thus have a more difficult time approaching clients.

    I believe that female freelancers should demand the wages they deserve. Consumers will jump at the chance to receive work for a low rate and will take advantage of this opportunity and thus, women. In order for things to change females must start to charge the same rates as their male counterparts. Females should also come together in order to support one another and create standard rates so they can all grow. By taking these steps the wage gap should shorten and women will reach wage equality. By taking some of these actions women will stop the cycle of what this article calls self-sabotage. Instead they will help themselves grow their in a professional capacity and the issue of the wage gap will be eliminated.

  7. zhijie Yang April 18, 2018 at 7:54 pm #

    In the United States, full-time women earned $638 a week in 2008, compared with $798 for men in the same position and 20 percent for men and women. In the United States in 1979, the gap between men and women was quite large, with women earning just 62 percent of men and 38 percent of men and women. Today, the decline in income is largely attributed to the rapid increase in the number of women receiving education, and many American universities have more female students than men each year. At the same time, the number of women employed in high-earning jobs has also grown faster than men’s. Not only do women who receive college education get more and more into high-paying jobs, but they also drive the growth of the entire female workforce. From 1995 to 2005, the gender wage gap in China was widening.
    There are many reasons for the gender wage gap. First, I think that with the improvement of the degree of marketization, the return on human resources is also improved, and the difference between the gender and the level of education and work skills can be shown in salary. In China, men are generally more exposed to education than women, especially in rural areas. So on average, men get paid more than women. Second, there is discrimination in the Labour market. In the process of China’s reform, the gender wage gap of state-owned enterprises is much lower than that of non-state-owned enterprises. On the other hand, I think the gender wage gap is partly due to wage disparities in the industry. Like education, short-term labor demand and the risk of jobs, there may be significant differences in wages with different industries.
    In addition, I believe that women should set up their own abilities to be less than men. There are a lot of times when women’s perceptions of themselves are stuck in stereotypes, and employers apparently pay them less than men. Now, with the call for equal pay for equal work, it is scandalous for any company to return to pay injustice. The objective environment is striving to provide equal opportunities. Since 2017, the government has announced that in April 2018, more than 280 people will be employed to reveal the median and overall gender pay gap between men and women. German government requirements employ more than 200 companies, employees have the right to be informed colleague pay for the same position, staff of more than 500 people company should disclose compensation structure change, to show that they did not violate the rules on equal pay. China has long put equal pay into law. So, can women not summon the courage to stand in the same position?

  8. Tanner Purcel April 19, 2018 at 3:05 pm #

    The gender pay gap has been a problem for a while now. Women have been paid less than men in the same job for quite some time. In 2008, women made $638 a week while men made $100 more working the same job. Back in 1979, women only made 62% of what men made. Today, there is still a pay gap; however the gap has greatly decreased. This could be due to the increase in women that are earning a higher education, leading to higher paying jobs. The problem is that women freelancers still make less than men.
    There is still sexism in the workplace, and the article also shows ways to improve these conditions and help close the gender pay gap. Some examples are women charging the same rates as men, women lessening competition between themselves, and improving confidence through proper training. It was surprising to see these factors as contributors to the issue, as most do not think of them to be so harmful to pay gap. Though these could be helpful, I do not see them as problem solvers. There are answering the question of how we could fix the pay gap, but we should also wonder why we are even in this situation in 2018. The article talks about
    “self-sabotage,” but I am not so sold on this. Though it might be true, the main reason for the gender pay gap comes from decisions made by owners and CEOs.

  9. Daniel Kim April 19, 2018 at 5:00 pm #

    Reading the articles that revolved around female freelancers and the gender pay gap, I realized that the common problem is lack of self-confidence. This type of behavioral norm is nothing new. For many years in the United States and other western countries, women and men had expectations and values ingrained in them from early childhood. Men had to act brave, resilient, boisterous, and confident while women had to act timid, modest, and subservient at home and in public. Now is different. We now see women taking active roles in politics, business, military, and other areas. However, despite Disney films that center on empowered female protagonists, the reality is different. According to Forbes report in 2016, women made up of 22% of the senior management around the world (https://www.forbes.com/sites/niallmccarthy/2016/03/08/which-industries-have-the-most-women-in-senior-management-infographic/#42c177f05cc4).
    This article shows how much work that still needs to happen if we want to achieve gender equality in the workforce. This is true for female entrepreneurs and freelancers. If the biggest reason that inhibits female freelancers and workers from equal pay is lack of confidence, a possible solution to address the issue is arguably the internet. Many resources exist on the internet to support aspiring female online entrepreneurs to succeed in the male-dominated society such as Women 2.0 and The Founding Moms (https://www.graphicsprings.com/blog/view/30-top-online-resources-for-female-entrepreneurs). We also see a movement of women working together to create #MeToo Campaign on social media and elsewhere. The internet allowed traditionally disempowered groups to voice their opinions. When the extremist, Islamic, terrorist group Boko Haram kidnapped schoolgirls in 2014, people around the world rallied to #BringBackOurGirls movement. Because of this campaign, online activists pressured governments to ensure that the military and police would find the missing schoolchildren. 80 U.S. troops were deployed to Chad to find the missing schoolgirls. (https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/us-deploys-80-military-personnel-to-chad/2014/05/21/edd7d21a-e11d-11e3-810f-764fe508b82d_story.html?utm_term=.07d4cba4a095)
    However, skeptics will argue that the internet alone will not solve this ongoing issue of payment gap in gender inequality. To some extent, I agree with the critics. It is not enough for internet social movement to rile change in society on how it pays its female workforce. However, the internet is a good starting point where the disenfranchised to find their groups and niches. Groups and niches can support a collaborative atmosphere for many people who may need guidance and support from others with similar circumstances.
    Of course, women alone cannot make this change happen. This is nothing new. We need to create a platform that enables men to become part of the conversation. If we, unfortunately, do not allow men to become part of the conversation, we are not going to see any significant shift in societal norms and see that women freelancers and workers receive their fair share in the labor market. Most importantly, if there is not gut, there is no glory.

  10. Luke Nadolny April 20, 2018 at 11:49 am #

    The gender pay gap is a topic that has been argued for a long time now. It has been the center of many feminist arguments and the biggest workplace issue that is brought up. However when you look at the details of the matter, women freelancers set this bar for themselves that is lower than what the men set for themselves, so they themselves are in a way making this matter worse. As the article mentions, this is called “self sabotage” because women are looking for clients, so they set low rates to attract more customer, while men set the bar high and hope for the best, which is what tends to happen more given this wage gap. The article also brings up lack of confidence as another big reason why women set lower rates than men. Why this low confidence? Well judging by the article the author references in this one, women tend to have lower self esteem than men. It is ironic in a way, feminists argue that women are treated inferior to men in the workplace, while they are contributing to the inferiority to themselves in the freelance market. This article suggests that self esteem is the driving force of this wage gap issue. It can change by women doing the things that are suggested in this article, because men do these things while women seem to not, another difference between men and women in the workforce. In America, if you work hard you can achieve anything you want, that means taking the extra step in achieving your goals, bettering yourself on a daily basis, and not taking no for an answer. It is time for women to stop complaining about the wage gap, and start doing something about it rather than fueling it. Anyone can do these things, it is just a matter of who wants to do them, and who can do them, and if you are unable to do them, than it is your fault, not the wage gap, and the supposed workplace discrimination.

  11. Daniel Colasanto April 20, 2018 at 12:57 pm #

    I don’t like this article. The reason I don’t like this article is because it mixed entrepreneurship with the everyday work force. These are two different spaces with very different methods of operating. For example, the everyday workforce is employed by big corporation that need skilled labor to facilitate tasks given to them in order to run a particular sector of business operations. While on the other hand, entrepreneurship or free lancing is the act of creating a business and selling an individual’s products or services for profit. The workforce requires there to be no discrimination because “everyone” needs a job to survive and “everyone” should have the same opportunity for a job. While entrepreneurship is much more competitive because you are competing with businesses that have been established for years and people who are very intelligent and hardworking.
    Back to my point on why I don’t like this article. I don’t like this article because it assumes that the free market is “fair”. The free market is NOT fair! Which is why the free market does not reward insecure people or untrained people who offer cheaper services. In my opinion, the author of this article needs to read a few books on economics and the capital system. Woman who are not making the same as men in certain niche’s aren’t been discriminated against because of sex or gender, they are being beat out by better competition. I’ll listen to anyone’s opinion on this if they disagree with me and I am always open to changing my mind. But if you think that someone isn’t going to buy your products or services because you’re a woman maybe you shouldn’t be in freelancing. Maybe you should find a job with less competition. Freelancing is very competitive and the free market is not fair. Nor was it created to be fair. It was created to be effective and efficient.

  12. marcello bertuzzelli April 20, 2018 at 1:51 pm #

    With the pay gap going as high as thirty-two percent, a lot of this has to do with requirements for more transparency in salaries. I think that a great point is brought up with the term “self-sabotage”. Especially when it comes to the gender discrepancy involving pay grade, because I feel that a lot of the times the argument can be seen as a way to make men feel degrading by the fact that women are paid less. However, in the modern day that argument is not as valid as it once was due to the ever-growing view of equality in society, not everywhere but most definitely in America. Self-sabotage is a toxic behavior female professionals are more likely to exhibit. The article gives multiple scenarios in which this self-sabotage is exhibited involving: the fact that women are racing to attract clients with lower prices, they are competing with other women, they feel less inclined to go for loans, and they have a lack of confidence. I think that all of these cases put men in favor because women think they are less worthy then men in in the work place. They say mind over matter, and in the workplace that is more important than anything is because if you think you can, then you can. Most of these women feel lower in status and therefore think that they cannot which leads them to not even apply themselves. So to conclude, I feel that this gap in pay can minimalize itself if women apply themselves more and believe in themselves. As cliché as it sounds, you have to believe to see in this situation.

  13. Olivia Mason April 20, 2018 at 2:11 pm #

    Having a man write about the gender pay gap is a risk, and one that I don’t particularly think paid off. While everyone is free to express their opinions, the intricacies of certain issues just can’t be fully understood unless you have experience with the issue. Suffering from one type of discrimination (ie. Ethnic minority) doesn’t mean that you can understand another’s type of discrimination (gender discrimination). In the United States women have been the most discriminated class of people (particularly women of colour). Women were the last to receive the right to vote, and currently have harder time electing female representatives into government than any other group electing a true representative for them.
    One of the points that author made was regarding the issue that women set lower prices in freelance and that this can be considered self-sabotage. While on its face this may make sense, if you have ever had any experience with gender discrimination you will realize that there is a reason that women set lower prices. Many higher-ups in companies that are in charge of employment are older, white men (white men make up 72% of leadership positions at 16 of the Fortune 500 companies) and tend to hold on to the older school of thought that believes men are superior to women. So while those entering today’s workforce may not agree with those standards, that’s what many in positions of power believe. Women aren’t setting lower prices because they personally value themselves and their work less than men and their work, it’s because they need something to make them more attractive to employers who don’t value women in the same way. The job market is tough, not everyone can afford to be picky about who they work for.
    The argument was also made that women don’t have proper training and thus the ability to market themselves and their brand as well as men, which is another reason why they set lower prices. For the same reasons I mentioned above, I find this particularly inaccurate. Women (as a majority) have adequate training to negotiate, but they start from a disadvantage that men just don’t have. They have to give something up in order to be able to have a fighting chance to get a job, and what they give up is the higher rate.
    I do agree that it would be beneficial for female freelancers in niches to band together to establish a floor rate in order to protect themselves from being exploited. However, I still don’t think this would result in closing the pay gap, as I’m sure the floor rate would still be lower than the average man’s rate.
    The gender pay gap is somethings that has been argued about, both in how to solve and if it honestly exists. People need to pay attention to those talking about it as you truly can’t understand the discrimination unless you have lived it.

    http://fortune.com/2017/06/09/white-men-senior-executives-fortune-500-companies-diversity-data/
    https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/women-motherhood-penalty_us_586d69fae4b0c4be0af2c02c

  14. Chris Goldfarb April 20, 2018 at 2:58 pm #

    It’s predicted that within the next 10 years the majority of the U.S. workforce will be working as freelancers. With 47% of millennials working as freelancers already, the time are changing (https://www.upwork.com/press/2017/10/17/freelancing-in-america-2017/). What these changes will mean for America only time will tell but there are a few things that we can be certain of in regards to the future of freelancing.
    First off, the issue of medical care is going to be a much greater problem than it already is. Keeping in mind the volatility of the topic this may seem impossible but a huge influx of freelancers absolutely has the power to change this situation. It’s a well-known fact that health care in America is incredibly expensive, in-fact as of 2010 the U.S. was spending two-and-a-half times as much as OCED average (https://www.pbs.org/newshour/health/health-costs-how-the-us-compares-with-other-countries). So keeping in mind the nature of freelancing it should be pretty evident what issue might arise in the healthcare debate.
    Since freelancers do not work for any particular company they do not receive any benefits and as a result they will either have to pay out of pocket for medical costs or be forced to pay extremely high premiums for private medical insurance. In the next couple years this could very much be the change needed to tip the scales in healthcare debate towards more socialized medical insurance simply because more freelancers means more people paying way too much for healthcare.
    Then as the article suggests there is already a problem with the wealth gap between male and female freelancers and workers in general but for now the focus is on freelancers. This is a problem that could go either way and is more complicated when looking at the freelancing perspective. The main reason for this is that freelancing is essentially super work-at-will employment which means that there are little to no protections for freelancers and an increasing amount of freelancers only means that they’re more replaceable. One solution for this that I see is a statute making it mandatory or semi-mandatory for freelancers to join a freelancer union. I say semi-mandatory because some freelancers might not for some legitimate reason or another not want to join a union and in that case should be exempt.
    The rationale behind this statute is that as of now freelancers do not have enough contract bargaining power. The reason for this is that the NLRA (National Labor Relations Act) was not intended to service freelancers as at the time of its conception freelancing was not a popular occupation. This problem is even further exasperated because the nation’s largest freelancer union, the Freelancers Union can barely call itself a union at all. The Freelancers Union does not help its members bargain in their contract negotiations or represent them in the case there have been grievances against them, both of which are pretty much the main reason you form a union. All the Freelancers Union does is provide a source of health insurance which has been criticized for being far too expensive to be reasonable. All of this is on top of the fact that the Freelancers Union only has about 375,000 members out of the 57 million American freelancers (https://www.freelancersunion.org/about/).
    The statute I suggested most likely has some big problems with it that I cannot foresee but I’m not a politician and it’s not my job to come up with the exact dictation of the law. However the spirit of the statute I believe is valid as its purpose is to substantially increase membership to effective freelancing unions that standardize rates among the freelancing community, increase bargaining power, represent in the case of grievances, and provide reasonable health insurance options.

  15. Luis F Gonzalez Jr April 20, 2018 at 7:26 pm #

    It is astounding to hear that the wage gap is still existing in freelance because when you own and manage your own business, you set your own rates. There is no one controlling your prices, services, etc. except the individual managing the firm. The interesting part is that the wage gap is a lot higher in the freelance economy than in the normal 9-5 jobs. The article makes women sound fearful about performing lower than expected. In order to prevent this, they lower their prices for the same service their male competitors will offer. They do this because it offers consumer’s trust and quality and maintains their clientele. This is true, if you lower prices and offer the same or better quality than other competitors you will perform great but women are selling themselves short. I believe women and men can accomplish the same feats in the workplace and are able to perform at the same speed and quality. Many stereotype women with bad performance and lack confidence because they supposedly take maternity leave and have other family duties to handle besides work. This is discriminating to women and they need to stand up. The article mentioned a great idea by telling women to form groups and organization to support each other and achieve the same level and salary as men. They also need to stop underselling themselves because they lack “confidence” in themselves. Yes, certain things go against women in the workplace such as loans but that should not demotivate them. A lot can be accomplished and the article also mentioned that certain loans were available to only women and not men. I’m a big supporter of equity and equality in the workforce in accordance to gender. I remember when my teacher once told me, “Women can do anything men can, and better because we do them in heels.” I found it to be funny and true at the same time. Women are capable of achieving everything men can, not because of their heels but instead because they have skills most men don’t have. They have better social customer skills and intuitions than men do. They are more tender and understanding to clients and are more likely to see the customer’s perspective. As men are mostly stereotyped, they see only money and are aggressive in the way they get their things but women offer something more caring and a family atmosphere that most men do not understand. Overall, women offer many things that they believe will weaken their position in the working place but what they believe to be their weakness is actually an advantage and they need to realize it and learn how to apply it into their businesses.

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